Presentation of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in the temple as was prescsribed by Jewish Law on the thirty-third day after a child's birth. For more, see DAILY LITURGY .
Death of Saint Apronian, who was a Roman executioner until he saw the fervent courage of those whose heads he was decapitating. As he accompanied Saint Sisinnius to the court, he dropped to his knees and wept, asking to become a Christian and was immediately put to death.
Death of Saint Bruno, Duke, Saint Marquard, Bishop and the Martyrs of Ebsdorf who were slaughtered while leading the troops of King Louis III against the Viking heathens.
Cardinal Guido di Borgogna becomes Pope Callixtus II, 162nd successor of Peter. This Burgundy-born pontiff would serve five years, during which an agreement would be reached at Worms which would recognize the Pope's right to nominate bishops in the great Concordat of Worms that cleared up the Investiture issue. He would also call the Ninth Ecumenical Council at the Lateran in 1123 as well as call for the 2nd Crusade.
Death of Pope Clement XIII, 248th successor of Peter. The one-year pontificate of this Venetian Pope was taken up with facing the problems created by the spread of Rationalism. He was of a rather rigid nature who tended to be faithful to conservative ideas and therefore was not very popular in some Catholic countries, especially France, where Rationalism was taking a strong hold. He died mysteriously on this date 230 years ago.
Pope Pius IX publishes his tenth encyclical Neminem vestrum dealing with the persecution of the Armenians, aimed at the clergy and faithful of Constantinople.
Death of Saint Theophane Venard, a French missionary priest who was killed in Tonkin, Vietnam after being tortured for a year in a compact bamboo cage with very little food and drink and terrible sanitary conditions.
Pope Saint Pius X releases his second of many encyclicals he would write on the Blessed Mother. His first on this date was Ad diem illum laetissiumum on the Immaculate Conception.
Pope John Paul II holds his second Consistory, elevating eighteen to the Cardinalate.