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TUESDAY      February 2, 1999      SECTION ONE       vol 10, no. 22

To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION TWO


The flame burns brighter!

      In today's editorial we commemorate the beginning of February as "Catholic Press Month" and welcome a new, potent player on the evangelization scene - the Catholic Radio Network with the potential to reach fifty million listeners in seven major markets. Two stations cover the second and largest markets in the country. It is important we all work together to promote this endeavor and urge others to listen for word of mouth is the great media marvel and from this Catholic mouthpiece comes the truth, ever burning bright as we also at the DAILY CATHOLIC continue to promote the flame of truth. For today's commentary entitled The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. So help us, God!, click on CATHOLIC PewPOINT.

The truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth!
So help us, God!

Michael Cain, editor


The fizzure in the Great Schism of the West grows deeper as Pope Innocent VII incenses the faithful with his political obsessions while forsaking a pastoral presence

      Rather than following in the footsteps of Saint Peter as his fellow cardinals had expected when they elected him, Pope Innocent VII followed the bad example of his two predecessors. The results were catastrophic for the Church and set in motion the beginning of the Protestant Reformation a century before it would actually come to a head. The Papal States were in disarray and the Church was split - one antipope in Avignon, the other in Italy where unrest and insurrection fed fuel to the fire of the people's mistrust for a man who condoned his nephew's murders. The beginning of the fifteenth century was truly a time of anarchy and whatever prestige the Popes had gained after their return from Avigon Exile was waning fast. For the ninety-first installment titled Pope Innocent VII: The Pope and the Riddle that riddled Europe: When is a murder not a murder? , click on THE HISTORY OF THE MASS AND HOLY MOTHER CHURCH.
Installment Ninety-one

Pope Innocent VII: The Pope and the Riddle that riddled Europe: When is a murder not a murder?

      With the death of Pope Boniface IX, whose papacy started like dynamite and ended with a fizzle, the Sacred Conclave was handed a difficult task: try to find someone to reignite the spark. They did not have the benefit of history to look back in retrospect on their choice, nor, we suspect, did they truly depend on the Holy Spirit to guide them. Nevertheless, they chose Cardinal Cosimo de' Migliorati as the 204th successor of Peter. He took the name Pope Innocent VII. He had his work cut out for him for when last we left Boniface IX before he died he was waiting for Benedict XIII, the Avignon antipope who had requested a meeting with the Roman pontiff. Due to Boniface's untimely death, that never took place. Though Innocent had agreed in conclave with the rest that whoever was elected would do all in their power to end the Great Schism of the West, for some reason he delayed the meeting with Benedict XIII who had landed at Genoa waiting to be safely conducted to Rome. This delay was due to the fact that his election had not been received as well as he might have thought by the Italians who felt Innocent VII was merely a carbon copy of Boniface. They were right. Though Innocent had a reputation for being a man of stern morals and and austere lifestyle as well as his legal expertise as a papal jurist, his political savvy was on the low rung of the ladder. Thus the people started to riot all over again. Innocent called on the protection and forces of Ladislas, king of Naples, to put down the insurrection and try to exact peace through a peace treaty. Innocent's price was the demand from Ladislaus that he not meet with Benedict XIII. Because Innocent had painted himself into a corner, he showed from the outset that he would be weak like Boniface and this did not set well with the people or the curia for that matter.

      Innocent was loyal to a fault. While he had kept his part of the bargain with Ladislaus, the latter had not kept his promise. Instead he saddled Innocent with more terms that truly incensed the people. Though they were not enamored with Innocent, they were even less taken with Ladislaus and greatly feared him. This accelerated when Ladislaus seized Castel Sant'Angelo. Ladislas was firmly entrenched in Rome by now and the people demanded Innocent excommunicate the Neopolitan monarch. Innocent again was painted into a corner and thus issued the interdict before Ladislaus had withdrawn his forces from the papal property. Ladislaus surprised many by agreeing to Innocent's terms this time in return for lifting the interdict. He groveled to the Pope and Innocent recanted, and surprised even more by naming Ladislaus defender and standard bearer of the Church. The populace was in a quandary. All of this political meandering had one effect on the Church - it stopped any progress spiritually throughout Christendom. It also opened the door for dissent that would truly raise its ugly head a century later. Meanwhile, the Great Schism was no closer to being solved than when it started. Even though Innocent had had grandiose plans to restore the Roman University as well as ambitions to concentrate on missions to foreign lands, he was so embroiled in the Italian "polls" and the problems with Ladislas that any chance of abdication by Benedict went out the window when he was spurned after offering to meet. He returned to Avignon incensed for he did not recognize Ladislaus' authority in Naples.

      Part of Innocent's downfall was the fact that he did not practice what he preached. His nephew Dudovico Migliorati, in trying to help his uncle, turned vigilante and had eleven of the insurrectionists murdered. Innocent was a jurist himself and knew the law, but rather than bringing his nephew to justice and doing the right thing, he pardoned him. This did not set well with the populace who stormed the Vatican forcing him to flee to Viturbo. From that point on he lost all credibility with the Italian people and quickly word spread. All of Europe was riddled by his nepotism and kowtowing to politically correct rather than morally correct. He was truly a liability in the Church and God could see the damage being done to the faithful, some of whom had either abandoned their faith in frustration or thrown their support behind Benedict XIII. Thus the Almighty mercifully cut short Innocent's papacy on November 6, 1406, just over two years after he had become Pope.

      It would be left to his successor Pope Gregory XII to try to clean up the mess as the Church fell further into disarray as we shall see in the next installment: Pope Gregory XII The beginning of the end of the schism.


CATHOLIC CANVAS:
Daily Dose of curious contents of the Church

CANDLEMAS
      Today is the Feast of the Presentation of Our Lord which is also the Feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary which, according to Jewish law, a mother had to be purified after a forty-day period of recovery from giving birth to a male, eighty-days for a female child. Not only was the child presented in the temple to the high priests at this time, but the mother was to bring a gift to the temple. This was set out in Leviticus 12: 8, in which the mother was to present either a lamb, two pigeons or two turtledoves in atonement. Once presented and blessed, she would be made clean again. In this case the Mother of God brought two turtledoves representing purity. Candlemas evolved from the practice of blessing the candles and lighting them in procession, the flame, of course, symbolizing Jesus Christ, the Light of the World whom Simeon called a "light of revelation to the Gentiles, and a glory for Thy people Israel" (Luke 2: 32). Candles are an enduring prayer, used in much the same manner as holy water and serve to raise their flickering, hopeful appeal to Heaven on behalf of the one holding the candle in prayer. The Feast of Candlemas began around the early sixth century. It was Pope Sergius I who first introduced the procession into the liturgy, yet it wasn't until the 1200's when it was truly celebrated universally. The candles must be made of beeswax and the antiphon sung during the procession is the "Canticle of Simeon." The candles are used the next day, crossed and placed on the throat in memory of Saint Blase who cured a child of choking. (sources: My Catholic Faith, My Mission House, The Glories and Triumphs of the Catholic Church, Benziger Brothers; Catholic Dictionary, Fr. John Hardon, SJ, Doubleday).

"I come to beseech all who would persevere to be garbed in the scapular."

      The Blessed Virgin Mary's words above in Message 376 were imparted to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart on the Feast of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel in 1993. In that message and the one preceding it a day before Our Lady reinforces the protective nature of the scapular and warns that those who do not seek her Divine Son as a Refuge will perish for events are coming that will manifest both the undeniable existence of God above all. It will also usher in the rage of satan, desperate for souls. For Message #375 and #376, click on "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..."

Messages Three Hundred-Seventy-five and Three Hundred-Seventy-six

Message Three Hundred-Seventy-five, July 15, 1993

(Imparted to the Hidden Flower by the Immaculate Heart of Mary)
(Feast of Saint Bonaventure)

Message Three Hundred-Seventy-six, July 16, 1993

(Imparted to the Hidden Flower by the Immaculate Heart)
(Feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel)

Events Today in Church History

      On this date in 1983, Pope John Paul II held his second Consistory, bestowing the Cardinalate on thirteen bishops, most notable was Cardinal Franjo Kuharic of Croatia, the Columbian prelate Cardinal Alfonso Lopez Trujillo and Cardinal Carlo Martini, Archbishop of Milan and the modernists' darling who they tout for the next Pope. This was the second of seven Consistories our Polish Pontiff has called, elevating 127 to the rank of red-hat, with his largest Consistory being on May 25, 1985. For other pertinent events that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

Historical Events in Church Annals for February 2:


THE DAILY WORD

"And when the days of her purification were fulfilled according to the Law of Moses, they took Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord."

Luke 2: 22


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February 2, 1999 volume 10, no. 22   DAILY CATHOLIC