EASTER TRIDUUM: THUR-FRI-SAT     April 20-22, 2000    vol. 11, no. 79    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • GOOD FRIDAY LITURGY
  • ON THE WAY TO CALVARY DEVOTIONS
  • FIRST DAY OF THE NOVENA OF DIVINE MERCY
  • Events that occurred during this period in Church History


  • Ecce Homo

    Dying, He destroyed our death...

       No day is reserved for more fasting, abstinence, penance and silence than Good Friday for it is a day of great reverence in commemorating the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ, Our Lord and Savior. This is the only day of the year that the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is not celebrated, though there is a Communion Service. The altar remains stripped bare just as Christ was stripped. Today we bring you the veneration of the Cross with the Consecration of the Cross and the Paschal Triduum Novena. For the readings and liturgy of Good Friday, click on GOOD FRIDAY LITURGY.

    GOOD FRIDAY, April 21, 2000

        First Reading: Isaiah 52: 13-15; 53: 1-12
        Psalms: Psalm 31: 2, 6, 12-13, 15-17, 25
        Second Reading: Hebrews 4: 14-16; 5: 7-9
        Gospel Reading: Reading of the Passion John 18: 1- 39; 19: 1-42
        General Intercessions, Veneration of the Holy Cross, and Holy Communion
    Good Friday, the Second Day of the Easter Triduum, is a day of strict fast and abstinence, we concentrate solely on the Cross, for there is no glory without the Cross. Following is the CONSECRATION TO THE CROSS.

    CONSECRATION TO THE CROSS

           My Jesus, I consecrate myself this day to Your Holy Cross. Just as You took upon Yourself that great cross for the sake of all humanity, so I vow to embrace the crosses in my life. Everything I suffer, I give back to You, my Sweet Jesus, to atone for my sins and those of all the world. I will begin and end each day at the foot of Your Cross, together with our Most Blessed Mother and St. John, our brother. My only pleasure will be to comfort You, my Sweet Savior.

          Following are Meditations on the Final Seven Words spoken by Christ:

        1. "Father, forgive them; they do not know what they are doing." (Luke 23: 34)
        I pray that I, too, might be forgiven; and that I might also forgive all who offend me.

        2. "I assure you: this day you will be with me in paradise." (Luke 23:34)
        I pray that my faith, hope and love may encourage me to reahc my true home - Heaven!

        3. "Woman, behold your son." (John 19: 26)
        I pray that I might honor Your Holy Mother and seek her aid in every aspect of my life.

        4. "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?" (Matthew 27: 46)
        I pray that I might have the courage to be faithful to You even when I do not feel You near me. That I might understand with what grief the lukewarm souls caused You to suffer such grievous torment.

        5. "I thirst." (John 19: 28)
        I pray that I might thirst only for You, and realize the Infinite Love which thirsted for souls.

        6. "It is consummated." (John 19: 30)
        I pray that I might come to the end of my earthly life with the peace of having lived and died only for You.

        7. "Father, into Your hands I commend My Spirit." (Luke 23: 46)
        I pray that I might be obedient until the final moment, entrusting my soul to Your care with perfect confidence and love.

       For the Lenten Way of the Cross, click on LENTEN MEDITATIONS AND WAY OF THE CROSS

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    GOOD FRIDAY DEVOTIONS

    ON THE WAY TO CALVARY

         The DailyWAY OF THE CROSS is a way of prayer. I walk, in spirit, with Jesus on His journey to Calvary and meditate on His suffering and death. Each meditation can be a personal meeting with Jesus and a new discovery of His presence in my life. Each meditation can be deeply personal by recalling specific persons places and experiences in my own life.

      A Plenary Indulgence is attached to this devotion according to article 194 of the Raccolta.

    OPENING SCRIPTURE READING

    "The Son of Man is destined to suffer grievously, to be rejected, and to be raised up on the third day. If anyone wants to be a follower of Mine, let him renounce himself and take up his cross every day and follow Me. For anyone who wants to save his life will lose it; but anyone who loses his life for My sake, that man will save it" (Luke 9: 22-24).

    STATIONS OF THE CROSS

    1. Jesus is condemned to die

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, often I judge others and fail to be understanding or loving. Help me to see the people in my life through Your eyes, not the eyes of Pontius Pilate.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    2. Jesus willingly takes up His Cross

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, You embraced Your cross to redeem the world. Help me to embrace the crosses in life-the hardships, struggles, disappointments, and pain. Only by recognizing my own weakness, can I discover Your strength.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    3. Jesus falls for the First Time

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world. (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, You know how often I fall trying to follow You. Yet, You are always there to life me up. Help me always to trust in Your loving care for me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    4. Jesus meets His Blessed Mother

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your mother Mary's grief was surpassed by her love for you. So often You come to me in others and their love gives me new life. Help me to see how often You love me through the people in my life.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    5. Simon the Cyrene helps Jesus carry His Cross

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, sometimes I am indifferent to the needs of others in my life. I even neglect those whom I love. Help me to see that loving others is the surest way to find You in my life.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    6. Veronica wipes the Holy Face of Jesus

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, at times I am afraid to reach out to others. I do nothing when I should act; I say nothing when I should speak out. Give me a deeper and more courageous faith. Help me to trust that You are with me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    7. Jesus falls for the Second Time

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, failure and disappointment sometimes lead me to despair. I hide behind my pride and self-pity, withdrawing from You and others. Give me the hope I need and help me never to be afraid to begin again.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    8. Jesus comforts the Women of Jerusalem

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your great compassion for others overwhelms me. I feel petty and selfish when I think of You and the way You love. Help me to pour out my love, that You might fill me with Your Love.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    9. Jesus falls for the Third Time

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your failing strength makes me see how helpless I am. Without You, I can do nothing. Help me to rely on Your strength, to see how much I need You.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    10. Jesus is stripped of His garments

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, seeing You so cruelly humiliated makes me realize how I cling to my accomplishments, my possessions, my way. Help me to let go of those things in my life that prevent me from growing closer to You and others.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    11. Jesus is nailed to the Cross

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, I can never doubt Your great love for me when I see You crucified. Help me to see Your cross as the great sign of Your love for me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    12. Jesus dies on the Cross

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your broken and lifeless body calls me to deeper faith. You chose death, even death on the cross. Help me to see my crosses as ways of loving You.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    13. Jesus is taken down from the Cross

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, seeing Your body taken from the cross reminds me how fearful I am of letting go of my own life. I am frightened when I think of being unimportant, useless, and helpless. Help me to place my life in Your hands.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    14: Jesus is Laid in the Tomb

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, when I see the great stone sealing Your tomb, I feel alone and abandoned. Even though You sometimes seem distant or absent in my life, help me always to believe in Your closeness and loving presence.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    CLOSING SCRIPTURE READING

    "On the first day of the week, at the first sign of dawn, they went to the tomb with spices they had prepared. They found that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb, but on entering they discovered that the body of the Lord Jesus was not there. As they stood there not knowing what to think, two men in brilliant clothes suddenly appeared at their side. Terrified, the women lowered their eyes. But the two men said to them, "Why look among the dead for someone who is alive? He is not here; He has risen. Remember what He told you when He was still in Galilee: that the Son of Man had to be handed over to the power of sinful men, be crucified, and rise again on the third day?" And they remembered His words" (Luke 24: 1-8).

    CLOSING PRAYER

         Lord Jesus, help me to walk with You each day of my life, even to Calvary. The sorrow and joy, the pain and healings, the failures and triumphs of my life are truly small deaths and resurrections that lead me to closeness with You. Give me the faith and trust I need to walk with You always. Amen.
        Nihil Obstat: Very Rev. Msgr. Carroll E. Satterfield, S.T.D. Censor Librorum

        Imprimatur: William Donald Borders, D.D. Archbishop of Baltimore
        August 21, 1984

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    NOVENA TO DIVINE MERCY

    "Bring Me All Mankind, especially All Sinners and immerse them in the ocean of My Mercy"

       Today we begin the Novena of Divine Mercy which will conclude with DIVINE MERCY SUNDAY next week. This Novena was imparted to Blessed Faustina Kowalska, a Polish nun of the 1930's who is known as the "Apostle of Mercy". For this first day of the Novena and Chaplet of Divine Mercy, see FIRST DAY OF DIVINE MERCY NOVENA

    FIRST DAY OF THE NOVENA OF DIVINE MERCY: GOOD FRIDAY
    April 21st, 2000

        "Today bring Me All Mankind, especially All Sinners and immerse them in the ocean of My Mercy. In this way you will console Me in the bitter grief into which the loss of souls plunges Me."
        Most Merciful Jesus, Whose very nature it is to have compassion on us and to forgive us, do not look upon our sins but upon our trust which we place in Your infinite goodness. Receive us all into the abode of Your Most Compassionate Heart, and never let us escape from It. We beg this of You by Your Love which unites You to the Father and the Holy Spirit.

        Eternal Father, turn Your Merciful gaze upon all mankind and especially upon poor sinners, all enfolded in the Most Compassionate Heart of Jesus. For the sake of His Sorrowful Passion show us Your Mercy, that we may praise the omnipotence of Your Mercy for ever and ever. Amen.

    It is greatly recommended the above novena intentions and prayers be said together with the Chaplet of Divine Mercy.

    (All material taken from Divine Mercy Devotions, copyright Marians of the Immaculate Conception)

    CHAPLET OF DIVINE MERCY

          Devotion to Divine Mercy is conveyed through the Chaplet of Divine Mercy as Jesus imparted to Blessed Sister Faustina Kowalska when He relayed, as recorded in her diary "Divine Mercy in my soul", "Encourage souls to say the Chaplet which I have given you (1541)...Whoever will recite it will receive great mercy at the hour of death (687)...When they say this Chaplet in the presence of the dying, I will stand between My Father and the dying person, not as the just Judge but as the Merciful Savior (1541)...Priests will recommend it to sinners as their last hope of salvation. Even if there were a sinner most hardened, if he were to recite this Chaplet only once, he would receive grace from My Infinite Mercy (687)...Through the Chaplet you will obtain everything, if what you ask for is compatible with My will. (1731).

          Following is the formula for the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, prayed on the regular beads of the Rosary. It is most appropriate to pray it at 3 o'clock in the afternoon which is the "Hour of Great Mercy" as Jesus said to Blessed Faustina: At three o'clock, implore My Mercy, especially for sinners; and, if only for a brief moment, immerse yourself in My Passion, particularly in My abandonment at the moment of agony. This is the Hour of Great Mercy...In this hour I will refuse nothing to the soul that makes a request of Me in virtue of My Passion. (1320).

            The Chaplet begins with the OUR FATHER, HAIL MARY, and the APOSTLES' CREED. Then on the large bead before each decade one recites:
        Eternal Father, I offer You the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world.

        On each decade of the small beads, pray the following:
        For the sake of His Sorrowful Passion, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

        At the end of the Chaplet recite three times the following prayer:
        Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world.

        Some conclude with the following prayer said three times also:
        O Blood and Water which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus as Font of Mercy for us, I trust in You!

          It is recommended to offer each decade to the wounds of Christ, such as the first decade in reparation for the wound in HIs Right Hand; the second decade in reparation for the wound in His Left Hand, the third decade in reparation for the wounds in His Sacred Feet; the fourth decade in reparation for the wounds in His Head in which the Crown of Thorns crushed His Sacred Skull; and the fifth decade in reparation for the wound in His side in which Blood and Water gushed forth as a Font of Mercy for all generations.

          The Novena to Divine Mercy, which Jesus asked Blessed Faustina to begin on Good Friday, 1937 is for nine days from Good Friday to Divine Mercy Sunday (the Sunday after Easter) which is the Feast of Divine Mercy. Jesus told her, By this Novena [of Chaplets and particular intention each day] I will grant every possible grace to souls. (796).

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    Events that happened during this period in Church History

       On Holy Thursday Mother Mary Angelica of the Annunciation, affectionately known to all as simply Mother Angelica, will celebrate her 77th Birthday. She was born on April 20, 1923 to John and Mae Helen Gianfransisco in Canton, Ohio. Throughout her six decades she has given her fiat totally to God in being guided by the Holy Spirit in founding the largest Catholic Media network in the world in EWTN as well as founding an Order of Religious for both nuns and priests. She has become the beacon for orthodoxy and true allegiance to Rome as all Catholics must. Without Mother Angelica's influence, who knows how far the liberals might have progressed. But thanks to God's Italian-descent instrument with the wry sense of humor and no-nonsense, but humble approach the Church is returning to its conservative roots in America. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for April 20:

    • 1314 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Clement V, the 195th successor of Peter who fixed the papacy at Avignon under the influence of King Philip the Fair of France. It was the beginning of the 70-year "Avignon Captivity." Clement also founded the University of Oxford and convened the 15th Ecumenical Council.

    • 1534 A.D.
    • Catholic forces overcome and massacre a growing sect of Waldensian militants in Provence, France during the Protestant revolt which has resulted in a hate campaign between Protestant and Catholic. Pope Clement VII greatly laments the course society has taken and the many unnecessary deaths that have resulted from this schism.

    • 1923 A.D.
    • Birth of Mother Angelica. The dynamic Franciscan nun who began EWTN seventeen years ago, celebrates her 77th birthday today. A Happy and Blessed Birthday to this stalwart leader of the loyal Roman Catholic movement in America and worldwide. May she have many more!

    Historical Events in Church Annals for April 21:

    • 341 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Simeon Barsabae, the martyred bishop of Seleucia and Ctesiphon who was arrested by the King of Persia Sapor II and forced to watch over 100 of his fellow Christians be cruelly beheaded before he became the last. One reason the king was so furious is because Simeon had converted his own tutor Usthazanes.

    • 1073 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Alexander II, the 156th successor of Peter who served twelve years and made religion and spirituality more important than politics as some of his successors had in trying to appease the German emperor Henry IV, but Alexander would have none of the machinations of the ambitious Holy Roman Emperor who, in retaliation, threw his support to antipope Honorius II.

    • 1097 A.D.
    • The First Crusade arrives in Constantinople.

    • 1109 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury who was appointed to that post by his uncle Pope Alexander II. Anselm, a brilliant biblical scholar died in the city where he was born - Mantua, Italy.

    • 1142 A.D.
    • Death of controversial French theologian Father Peter Abelard, a monk of Cluny whose work when he taught at the University of Paris was called into question by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux and several pupils of Saint Anselm. After writing the Dialectica and his autobiography Story of my calamities retired to the monastery of Cluny at Chalôn-sur-Saône where he died with the peace of mind that he had made peace with God .

    Historical Events in Church Annals for April 22:

    • 536 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Saint Agipitus, the 57th successor of Peter who was poisoned by the wife of the Emperor of the Goths Theodora who was of the eutician faith and hated the Roman faith of Agipitus who became a martyr on this date.

    • 1073 A.D.
    • The great Hildebrand, who refused the papacy in the past, prays and this time accedes to ascend the papal throne as Pope Saint Gregory VII the Great as the 157th successor of Peter. He would calle a Council to issue a Dictatus Papae which decreed that only the Pope is universal and that no one can judge him other than God. It also decreed that the Pope alone could dispense one from vows. It would be a turning point in Church history for the papacy would take on a new prestige when the excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV who had supported the antipope Honorius II bowed to Gregory by going humbly to Canossa in the bitter winter and, wearing only a rough habit, asked the holy Pontiff for forgiveness publicly.

    • 1233 A.D.
    • The Dominicans are established in France as Inquisitors by the decree of Pope Gregory IX.

    • 1418 A.D.
    • The closing of the Council of Constance, the sixteenth ecumenical council which ended the Great Schism and condemned Huss.

    • 1451 A.D.
    • Birth of Isabella who would become Queen of Spain and commission Christopher Columbus to set out on his great voyage of discovery.

    • 1509 A.D.
    • King Henry VII's death opens the door for King Henry VIII to gain the crown, beginning a succession of hills and valleys with Rome that would end in Schism and a complete break from Holy Mother Church.

    • 1541 A.D.
    • The founder of the Jesuits Saint Ignatius of Loyola is elected First General of the Order founded for the express purpose of defending the Pope.

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    April 20-22, 2000     volume 11, no. 79
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