April 20, 2000
volume 11, no. 78
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1534 A.D. Catholic forces overcome and massacre a growing sect of Waldensian militants in Provence, France during the Protestant revolt which has resulted in a hate campaign between Protestant and Catholic. Pope Clement VII greatly laments the course society has taken and the many unnecessary deaths that have resulted from this schism.
1923 A.D. Birth of Mother Angelica. The dynamic Franciscan nun who began EWTN seventeen years ago, celebrates her 77th birthday today. A Happy and Blessed Birthday to this stalwart leader of the loyal Roman Catholic movement in America and worldwide. May she have many more!
1073 A.D. Death of Pope Alexander II, the 156th successor of Peter who served twelve years and made religion and spirituality more important than politics as some of his successors had in trying to appease the German emperor Henry IV, but Alexander would have none of the machinations of the ambitious Holy Roman Emperor who, in retaliation, threw his support to antipope Honorius II.
1097 A.D. The First Crusade arrives in Constantinople.
1109 A.D. Death of Saint Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury who was appointed to that post by his uncle Pope Alexander II. Anselm, a brilliant biblical scholar died in the city where he was born - Mantua, Italy.
1142 A.D. Death of controversial French theologian Father Peter Abelard, a monk of Cluny whose work when he taught at the University of Paris was called into question by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux and several pupils of Saint Anselm. After writing the Dialectica and his autobiography Story of my calamities retired to the monastery of Cluny at Chalôn-sur-Saône where he died with the peace of mind that he had made peace with God .
1073 A.D. The great Hildebrand, who refused the papacy in the past, prays and this time accedes to ascend the papal throne as Pope Saint Gregory VII the Great as the 157th successor of Peter. He would calle a Council to issue a Dictatus Papae which decreed that only the Pope is universal and that no one can judge him other than God. It also decreed that the Pope alone could dispense one from vows. It would be a turning point in Church history for the papacy would take on a new prestige when the excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV who had supported the antipope Honorius II bowed to Gregory by going humbly to Canossa in the bitter winter and, wearing only a rough habit, asked the holy Pontiff for forgiveness publicly.
1233 A.D. The Dominicans are established in France as Inquisitors by the decree of Pope Gregory IX.
1418 A.D. The closing of the Council of Constance, the sixteenth ecumenical council which ended the Great Schism and condemned Huss.
1451 A.D. Birth of Isabella who would become Queen of Spain and commission Christopher Columbus to set out on his great voyage of discovery.
1509 A.D. King Henry VII's death opens the door for King Henry VIII to gain the crown, beginning a succession of hills and valleys with Rome that would end in Schism and a complete break from Holy Mother Church.
1541 A.D. The founder of the Jesuits Saint Ignatius of Loyola is elected First General of the Order founded for the express purpose of defending the Pope.
April 20-22, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 79
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