Missa "Dóminus illuminátio mea"
Fourth Sunday After Pentecost
"Launch out into the deep..."


Semi-Double Observance of the Fourth Sunday After Pentecost

Missa "Dóminus illuminátio mea"

GREEN Vestments


       The liturgy inspires us with confidence in God in the midst of the struggles, sufferings and calamities of this life. In today's Gospel Jesus shows that the true doctrine is preached only from that Church of which Peter is the head, (St. John 21: 15.) which is here represented by his ship. Amid storms of persecution Jesus has preserved His ship and He will preserve this infrangible mystical vessel, His Church, until the end of time. (St. Matthew 16: 18). Peter still guides the bark in the unbroken line of his successors, and Jesus still teaches from this ship the same doctrine through the true bishops and priests, as His cooperators, with whom He has promised to remain to the end of the world. (St. Matthew 27: 20.)

        Because the Apostles first trusted only in themselves, they did not throw out their nets in the name of the Lord. Rather, they relied on their own efforts without calling upon His blessing and assistance until they realized they needed to trust. "This example," says St. Ambrose, "proves how vain and fruitless is presumptuous confidence, and how powerful, on the contrary, is humility, since those who had previously labored without success, filled their nets at the word of the Redeemer." Let us learn from this our inability, that we begin our work only with God, that is, with confidence in His help, and with the intention of working only for love of Him, and for His honor. If we do this, the blessing of the Lord will not be wanting.

        "The word of truth which, so to speaks forms the network of gospel preaching," says St. Ambrose, "with which the successors of the apostles, the bishops and priests, draw souls from the darkness of error to the light of truth, and from the depths of the abyss to raise them to Heaven."

      We want to thank the Friends of Our Lady of Fatima for expediting these resources of the Propers. Sources: Saint Andrew Daily Missal and the Marian Missal , 1945


Fourth Sunday after Pentecost


Comprehensive Catholic Commentary
by
Fr. George Leo Haydock
provided by
John Gregory

      Editor's Note: We continue with this special feature provided by John Gregory with the Haydock Commentary found at the bottom of each page of the Douay-Rheims Bible. We publish it here in conjunction with the Epistle and Gospel for the Sunday Mass, with the cogent comprehensive Catholic Commentary penned by Father George Leo Haydock. For the Fourth Sunday after Pentecost the theme is those creatures swimming in the sea of fallen human nature in this world and who can only be rescued through the grace of God via those He has sent to reel in souls as fishers of men.


Epistle: Romans 8: 18-23

18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this time are not worthy to be compared with the glory to come, that shall be revealed in us.

19 For the expectation of the creature waiteth for the revelation of the sons of God.

    Commentary on Verse 19 The expectation of the creature. He speaks of the corporal creation, made for the use and service of man; and, by occasion of his sin made subject to vanity, that is, to a perpetual instability, tending to corruption and other defects; so that by a figure of speech, it is here said to groan and be in labour, and to long for its deliverance, which is then to come, when sin shall reign no more; and God shall raise the bodies, and united them to their souls, never more to separate, and to be in everlasting happiness in Heaven. Ch. Waiteth for the revelation of the sons of God. That is, for the time after this life, when it shall be made manifest that they are the sons of God, and heirs of the kingdom of this glory. Several interpreters understand all creatures whatsoever, even irrational and inanimate creatures of this world, which are represented as if they had a knowledge and sense of a more happy condition, of a new unchangeable state of perfection, which they are to receive at the end of the world. See 2 Peter i. 13. Apoc. xxi. 1. Now every insensible creature is figuratively brought in groaning like a woman in labor, waiting, and wishing for that new and happy state; but in the mean time unwillingly made subject to vanity, i.e. to these changeable imperfections of generations and corruptions, which then they shall be delivered from. Wi. The creature, & c. The creatures expect with impatience, and hope with confidence, to see a happy change in their condition; they flatter themselves that they will be delivered from the captivity of sin, to which man has reduced them, and enter into the liberty of the glory of the sons of God. Not that the inanimate creation will really participate the happiness and glory of the elect; although in some sense they may be said to have part in it, since they will enter into a pure, incorruptible and perfect state to the end of ages. They will no longer be subject to those changes and vicissitudes which sin has brought upon them; nor will sinful man any longer abuse their beauty and goodness in offending the Creator of all. St. Ambrose and St. Jerome teach that the sun, moon, and stars will be then much more brilliant and beautiful than at present, no longer subject to those changes they at present suffer. Philo and Tertullian teach that the beasts of prey will then lay aside their ferocity, and venomous serpents their poisonous qualities. Calmet. Others, by the creature or creatures, understand men only, and Christians, who groan under miseries and temptations in this mortal life, amidst the vanities of this world, under the slavery of corruption; who having already (v. 23.) received the first-fruits of the Spirit, the grace of God in baptism, have been made the children of God, and now, with expectation and great earnestness, wait and long for a more perfect adoption of the sons of God: for the redemption of their bodies, when the bodies, as well as the souls of the elect, shall rise to an immortal life, and complete happiness in Heaven. Wi.

20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of Him that made it subject, in hope:

21 Because the creature also itself shall be delivered from the servitude of corruption, into the liberty of the glory of the children of God.

22 For we know that every creature groaneth and travaileth in pain, even till now.

23 And not only it, but ourselves also, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption of the sons of God, the redemption of our body.


Gospel: St. Luke 5: 1-11

1 At that time it came to pass, that when the multitudes pressed upon Him to hear the word of God, He stood by the lake of Genesareth,

2 And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets.

    Commentary on Verse 2 Washing their nets. See St. Matt. iv. 18. and St. Mark i. 16, where it is said, that Christ saw them when they were casting their nets; i.e. some of them were casting, others washing, or mending, their nets. Wi.
3 And going into one of the ships that was Simon's, He desired him to draw back a little from the land. And sitting He taught the multitudes out of the ship.
    Commentary on Verse 3 Why is it mentioned that there were two ships; that one of them was Simon Peter's, that Christ went into that one, and sat down in it, and sitting He taught out of that ship. No doubt, answer many of the ancient commentators, to shew that the Church was figured by the barque of Peter, and that in it is the chair of Christ, a permanent authority, prefigured by Christ's sitting down, and the true word of God.
4 Now when He had ceased to speak, He said to Simon: "Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught."
    Commentary on Verse 4 Put back from whence you have just now returned. Where you failed without Christ, with Christ you will prove successful. Now is the proper time, when you act in My presence, and according to My orders; before it was not, when you followed your own, and not My will. Maldon. St. Austin interprets the text, Launch out into the deep, as spoken of distant nations, to whom the gospel was afterwards delivered: tolle signum in gentes, ad eas, quo prope, et ad eas quo longe. Isai. v. 26. and xi. 12.
5 And Simon answering said to Him: Master, we have labored all the night, and have taken nothing: but at thy word I will let down the net.
    Commentary on Verse 5 Though these words of St. Peter seem to express his little hope of success, as he had been toiling the whole night, the most favorable time for fishing, yet they were intended by St. Peter to show his great confidence, that notwithstanding his bad success, he was willing to obey; he relied on His words, and let go his net in the same place where before he had been disappointed; and the event proved that the obedience and confidence of Peter were not in vain. Maldon. & c.
6 And when they had done this, they enclosed a very great multitude of fishes, and their net broke.
    Commentary on Verse 6 When Christ commanded Peter to let go the net, as great a quantity of fishes were taken as this Lord of the land and sea wished. For the Voice of the Lord is the Voice of power, at the command of which, in the beginning of the world, light and every created thing sprang into existence. This it was that so much astonished Peter. St. Gregory Nazianzen c. xxxi. The net is broken, but the fishes are not lost, because the Lord preserves His servants among the scandals (schisms and heresies) of His enemies. Venenerable St. Bede.
7 And they beckoned to their partners that were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they were almost sinking.
    Commentary on Verse 7 The other ship was probably at such a distance from them, that they could not be heard, had they called out to them; and this also is another proof of the greatness of the miracle, that though the other ship was fishing in the same place, though a little removed, they could catch nothing. Maldonatus This also shows that Peter was to call in other co-laborers, and that all were to come into Peter's ship. St. Ambrose in Luc.

8 Which when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying: Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

    Commentary on Verse 8 Such was the excess of St. Peter's humility, that he judged himself unworthy in the presence of Christ, and by this rendered himself more worthy. So the centurion, for a similar act of self-abasement, merited to hear from Truth itself, that he was preferred to all Israel. Euthymius is however of opinion, that St. Peter desired Christ to leave him through fear, lest some evil should befall him, because he was not worthy of His presence. In the same manner as the widow of Sarepta thought her son had died, because she was not worthy of the presence of Elias. 3 Kings xvii. 18. Maldonatus.
9 For he was wholly astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken.

10 And so were also James and John the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon's partners. And Jesus saith to Simon: "Fear not: from henceforth thou shalt catch men."

    Commentary on Verse 10 Jesus Christ answers the thought of St. Peter, that instead of any loss or evil coming to him, he should, on the contrary, receive a great reward, by being appointed a fisher of men; and, as he had taken so many fishes by the divine assistance, so he should take in his net innumerable souls, not so much by his own industry, as by the divine grace and assistance. Maldonatus.

11 And having brought their ships to land, leaving all things, they followed Him.

    Commentary on Verse 11 We may suppose that these four apostles, like Andrew, followed Jesus Christ at the first call, but without attaching themselves to Him; and that now they attached themselves to Him, never to leave Him more.


Go to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS

INTROIT:   Psalm 26: 12
      Dóminus illuminátio mea et salus mea, quem timébo? Dóminus defénsor vitas meæ, a quo trepidábo? Qui tríbulant me inimíci mei, ipsi infirmáti sunt et cecidérunt.- (Ps. 26: 3) Si consístant advérsum me castra, non timébit cor meum. v. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto. Sicut erat in principio et nunc et semper et in saecula saeculorum. Amen.
      Repeat Dóminus illuminátio mea...
      The Lord is my light and my salvation: whom shall I fear? The Lord is the protector of my life: of whom shall I be afraid? My enemies that trouble me have themselves been weakened and have fallen. (Ps. 26: 3) If armies in camp should stand together against me, my heart shall not fear. v. Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
      Repeat The Lord is my light...
      Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS
      COLLECT
      Dominus vobiscum. R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

      Oremus. Da nobis, quæsumus Dómine, ut et mundi cursus pacífice nobis tuo órdine dirigétur: et Ecclésia tua tranquílla devotióne lætétur. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
      Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.

      Collect for God's Holy Church
      Orémus. Ecclésiæ tuæ, quæ-sumus, Dómine, preces placátus admítte: ut, destrúctis adversitátibus et erróribus univérsis, secura tibi sérviat libertáte. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
      Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.
      The Lord be with you. R. And with thy spirit.

      Let us pray. Grant us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that both the course of this world may be peacefully ordered for us by Thy governance, and that Thy Church may rejoice in quiet devotion. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God,
      Forever and ever.
      R.Amen.

      Collect for God's Holy Church
      Let us pray. Graciously hear, O Lord, the prayers of Thy Church that, having overcome all adversity and every error, she may serve Thee in security and freedom. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God,
      Forever and ever.
      R.Amen.

      EPISTLE:   Romans 8: 18-23
      The whole world shares the punishment for sin. But the Holy Spirit has sanctified us and is the pledge of the resurrection of our bodies.) Léctio Epístolæ beáti Pauli Apóstoli ad Romanos. Fratres, Exístimo quod non sunt condígnæ passiónes hujus tempóris ad futúram glóriam, quas revelábítur in nobis. Nam exspectátio creatúræ revelatiónem Fíliórum Dei exspéctat. Vanitáti enim creatúra subjécta est non volens, sed propter cum qui subjécit eam in spe: quia et ipsa creatúra liberábitur a servitúte corruptiónis in libertátem glóriæ filiórum Dei. Scimus enim quod omnis creatúra ingemíscit, et párturit usque adhuc. Non solum autem illa, sed et nos ipsi primitías Spíritus habéntes, et ipsi intra nos gémimus, adoptiónem filiórum Dei exspectántes, redemptiónem córporis nostri: in Christo Jesu Dómino nostro.
      Deo Gratias.
      Lesson from the Epistle of Blessed Paul the Apostle to the Romans. Brethren, I reckon that the sufferings of this time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that is to come, that shall be revealed to us. For the expectation of the creature waiteth for the revelation of the sons of God, for the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him that made it subject in hope; because the creature also itself shall be delivered from the servitude of corruption, into the liberty of the glory of the children of God. For we know that every creature groaneth, and travaileth in pain, even till now and not only it, but ourselves also, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption of the sons of God, the redemption of our body in Christ Jesus Our Lord.
      Thanks be to God.

      GRADUAL:  Ps. 78: 9-10
      Propítius esto, Dómine, peccátis nostris, ne quando dicant gentes: ubi est Deus eorum? V. Adjuva nos, deus salutáris noster: et propter honórem nóminis tui, Dómine, líbera nos. Allelúja, allelúja. V. (Ps. 9: 5, 10) Deus qui sedes super thronum, et júdicas æquitátem, esto refúgium páuperum in tribulatióne. Allelúja.
      Forgive us our sins, O Lord, lest the Gentiles should at any time say: Where is their God? V. Help us, O God, our Savior and for the honor of Thy Name, O Lord, deliver us. Alleluia, alleluia. V. (Ps. 9: 5, 10) O God, who sittest upon the throne, and judgest justice, be Thou the refuge of the poor in tribulation. Alleluia.

      GOSPEL:    Luke 12: 1-8
      Dominus vobiscum.
      R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
      Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum Lucam.
      R.Gloria tibi, Domine

      In illo témpore: Cum turbæ irrúerunt in Jesum, ut audírent verbum Dei, et ipse stabat secus stagnum Genésareth. Et vidit duas naves stantes secus stagnum: piscatóres autem descénderant, et lavábant rétia. Ascéndens autem in unum navim, quæ erat Simónis, rogávit eum a terra redúcere pusíllum. Et sedens, docébat de navícula turbas. Ut cessávit autem loqui, dixit ad Simónem: "Duc in altum, et laxáte rétia vestra in captúram." Et respóndens Simon, dixit illi: Præcéptor, per totam noctem Iaborántes, nihil cépimus: in verbo autem tua laxábo rete. Et cum hoc fecíssent, conclusérunt píscium multitúd-inem copiósam rumpebátur autem rete eórum. Et annuérunt sóciis, qui erant in alia navi, ut venírent, et adjuvárent eos. Et venérunt, et implevérunt ambas navículas, ita ut pene mergeréntur. Quod cum vidéret Simon Petrus, prócidit ad génua Jesu, dicins: Exi a me, quia homo peccátor sum, Dómine. Stupor enim circumdéderat eum, et omnes qui cum illo erant, in captúra píscium quam céperant: símiliter autem Jacóbum et Joánnem, fílios Zebedee!, qui erant sócii Simónis. Et sit ad Simónem Jesus: "Noli timére: ex hoc jam hómines eris cápiens." Et subdúctis ad terram návibus, relictis ómnibus secúti sunt eum.
      Laus tibi Christe.

      The Lord be with you.
      R. And with thy spirit.
      The continuation of the holy Gospel according to Luke. R. Glory to Thee, O Lord

      At that time, when the multitude pressed upon Jesus to hear the word of God, He stood by the lake of Genesareth. And He saw two ships standing by the lake but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets; and going up into one of the ships that was Simon's, He desired him to draw back a little from the land: and sitting He taught the multitudes out of the ship. Now when He had ceased to speak, He said to Simon: "Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught." And Simon, answering, said to Him: Master, we have labored all the night, and have taken nothing, but at Thy word I will let down the net. And when they had done this, they enclosed a very great multitude of fishes and their net broke: and they beckoned to their partners that were in the other ship, that they should come and help them and they came, and filled both the ships, so that they were almost sinking. Which when Simon Peter saw, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying: Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord. For he was wholly astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of fishes which they had taken: and so were also James and John the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon's partners. And Jesus saith to Simon: "Fear not, from henceforth thou shalt catch men." And having brought their ships to land, leaving all things, they followed Him.
      Praise be to Christ


      Go to Father Louis Campbell's Sermon for the Fourth Sunday After Pentecost

      Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE CREDO

      OFFERTORY:    Psalm 9: 11, 12, 13
      Dominus vobiscum.
      R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

      Sperent in te omnes, qui novérunt nomen tuum, Dómine: quóniam non derelínquis quæréntes te: psállite Dómino, qui hábitat in Sion: quóniam non est oblítus oratiónem páuperum.
      The Lord be with you.
      R. And with thy spirit.

      Let them trust in Thee who know Thy name, O Lord: for Thou hast not forsaken them that seek Thee; sing ye to the Lord, Who dwelleth in Sion: for He hath not forgotten the cry of the poor.
      Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE OFFERTORY
      SECRET
      Réspice, Dómine, munera supplicántis Ecclésiæ: et salúti credéntium perpétua sanctifi-catióne suménda concéde. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum, Filium Tuum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
      Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.

      Secret for God's Holy Church
      Prótege nos, Dómine, tuis mystériis serviéntes: ut divínis rebus inhæréntes, et córpore tibi famulémur et mente. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus, Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.
      May the offering, to be dedicated to thy Name, O Lord, purify us, and day by day, carry us on the observances of a heavenly life. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
      Forever and ever.
      R.Amen.

      Secret for God's Holy Church
      Protect us, O Lord, who assist at Thy mysteries, that, cleaving to things divine, we may serve Thee both in body and in mind. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, Forever and ever.
      R.Amen.

      PREFACE   of the Most Holy Trinity
      Dominus vobiscum.
      R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
      Sursum corda.
      R.Habemus ad Dominum.
      Gratias agamus Domino Deo nostro.
      R. Dignum et justum est.

      Vere dignum et justum est, aequum et salutare, nos tibi semper, et ubique gratias agere: Domine sancta, Pater omnipotens, aeterne Deus. Qui cum unigenito Filio: tuo et Spiritu Sancto, unus es Deus, unus es Dominus: non in uninus singularitate personae, sed in unius Trinitae substantiae. Quo denim de tua Gloria, revelante te, credimus, hoc de Filio tuo, hod de Spiritu Sancto, sine differentia discretionis sentimus. Ut in confessione verare, sempitiernaeque Deitatis, et in personis proprietas, et in essential unitas, et in majestate adoretur aequalitas. Quam laudant Angeli atque Archangeli, Cherubim, quoque ac Seraphim: qui non cessant clamare quotodie, una voce dicentes:
      SANCTUS, SANCTUS, SANCTUS...
      The Lord be with you.
      R. And with thy spirit.
      Lift up your hearts.
      R.We have lifted them up to the Lord.
      Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
      R. It is meet and just.

      It is truly meet and just, right and for our salvation, that we should at all times and in all places, give thanks unto Thee, O holy Lord, Father almighty, ever-lasting God: Who, together with Thine only-begotten Son, and the Holy Ghost, are one God, one Lord: not in the oneness of a single Person, but in the Trinity of one substance. For what we believe by Thy revelation of Thy glory, the same do we believe of Thy Son, the same of the Holy Ghost, without difference or separation. So that in confessing the true and everlasting Godhead, distinction in persons, unity in essence, and equality in majesty may be adored. Which the Angels and Archangels, the Cherubim also and Seraphim do praise: who cease not daily to cry out with one voice saying:
      HOLY, HOLY, HOLY...

      Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE CANON OF THE MASS
      COMMUNION:    Psalm 17: 3
      Dóminus fimaméntum meum, et refúgium meum, et liberátor meus; Deus meus, adjùtor meus.
      The Lord is my firmament, and my refuge, and my deliverer, my God is my helper.

      POSTCOMMUNION
      Dominus vobiscum.
      R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
      Oremus.
      Quos cælésti, Dómine, dono satiásti: præsta, quæsumus; ut a nostris mundémur occúltis, et ab hóstium liberémur insídiis. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fílium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitáte Spíritus Sancti, Deus,
      Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.

      Postcommunion for God's Holy Church
      Orémus. Quæsumus, Dómine Deus noster, ut quos divína tribuis participatióne gaudére, humánis non sinas subjacére perículis. Per Dóminum nostrum Jesum Christum Fiiium tuum: Qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spíritus Sancti, Deus.
      Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
      R. Amen.
      The Lord be with you.
      R. And with thy spirit.
      Let us pray.
      May the Mysteries which we have received, we beseech Thee, O Lord, purify us, and by their virtue defend us. Through the same Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
      For ever and ever.
      R. Amen.

      Postcommunion for God's Holy Church
      Let us pray. O Lord our God, we pray Thee that Thou suffer not to succumb to human hazards those whom Thou hast been pleased to make sharers of divine mysteries. Through the Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
      Forever and ever.
      R. Amen.

Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS FOR THE FINAL BLESSING