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June 2, 1998
SECTION TWO   vol 9, no. 106
To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION ONE
Historical Events in Church Annals for June 2:
Death of Saint Blandina and the Martyrs of Lyons, France. The Christians there were falsely accused of cannibalism and incest and wrongly forced to confess to their crimes, then torn with iron hooks and scalded with hot irons. Through it all Blandina maintained her faith, exclaiming "I am a Christian, and there is no evil done among us."
Death of Saint Erasmus, also known as Saint Elmo, the bishop of Campagna, Italy who was martyred under the persecution of Diocletian though it was not easy for the pagan emperor. Elmo was hurled into a fiery pit but emerged unscathed (thus the phrase "St. Elmo's fire") and then imprisoned. An angel freed him and led him to Formiae where he eventually died of his wounds in dignity. He is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers and is patron saint of sailors.
After a vacancy of almost one year, Pope Benedict I is elected as the 62nd successor of Peter on this date. He would strive to restore order in Italy and in France where the barbaric invasions had thrown those countries into turmoil.
Death of Pope Saint Eugene I, 75th successor of Peter who decreed the perpetual observance of chastity for all priests.
Death of Saint Nicephorus, Patriarch of Constantinople and staunch opponent of iconoclasm. Because of fierce opposition from the Armenian Emperor, he was exiled to a monastery where he lived the last fifteen years of his life.
Marriage of Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou to Queen Matilda of England, whose son Henry II began the line of the Plantagenet dynasty and solidified Holy Mother Church in England until the Windsor monarchs and the rebellion of Henry VIII.
Pope Paul III, 220th successor of Peter and pontiff who gave official approval for the Jesuits and called the the 19th Ecumenical Council, publicly declares that, despite the naive perception by so many Europeans that they were savages, the Native American Indians have souls and are therefore to be accorded the dignity of man and could not be enslaved.
Birth of Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto to a village postman and a seamstress in Upper Venetia, Italy. He would go on to become the holy Pope Saint Pius X, 257th successor of Peter and the Pope who made Holy Communion available to all, especially children from seven years of age up.
The first African Roman Catholic bishop in America Bishop James Healy is consecrated for the Diocese covering the state of Maine.
WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant
Tremendous Traffic Tie-ups around the Vatican give glimpse of what's ahead for Jubilee 2000
If nearly 250,000 thronging to the Vatican over the weekend for Pentecost and the close of the international Lay Conference created crowd headaches, imagine what will happen when millions descend on the Holy See as expected in the Jubilee year. Vatican crowd experts will have to go back to the drawing board to design traffic flow blueprints that will ease the crush of pilgrims in a year and a half. Meanwhile, the Holy Father invoked the Holy Spirit during a packed weekend in Rome. For more, click on Packed Pentecost
LAY MOVEMENTS CELEBRATE PENTECOST WITH POPE AS PROBLEMS FORESHADOW ROME 2000 GRIDLOCK
ROME (CWNews.com) - More than 250,000 pilgrims gathered in
St. Peter's Square on Sunday for a special Pentecost
celebration with Pope John Paul II, foreshadowing the
effects of increased pilgrimages to the Vatican during the
Jubilee Year celebrations in 2000.
The Pope began the celebration
of the feast of Pentecost along with an estimated 200,000 members
of Lay Catholic apostolates, who filled St. Peter's Square to
overflowing on Saturday evening, the eve of Pentecost.
The Holy Father, who had issued an invitation to the leaders of lay
movements to join him for Pentecost, stressed the importance of
these groups in bringing the Gospel message to a secularized society.
He preached to a crowd which spilled out onto the streets outside St.
Peter's Square, and included the founders of several worldwide
movements: Chiara Lubich of Focolare, Kiko Arguello of the
Neocatechumenate Way, Don Luigi Giussani of Communion and
Liberation, Jean Vanier of L'Arche, and others.
Chiara Lubich thanked the Pope for his solicitude, and said the
growth of lay movements has been "one of the main works of your
pontificate." Cardinal Francis Stafford, the president of the Pontifical
Council for the Laity (which had organized the encounter) agreed;
"only the Pope could have done this," he said.
The Pope, in turn, told the members of the lay apostolates that their
young movements were now reaching spiritual maturity. "You are
the first tangible proof of the outpouring of the Spirit," he said. He
added the maturity should entail close alliance and identification
with the Church through the hierarchy.
On Pentecost Sunday itself, the Pope conferred the sacrament of
Confirmation on 15 young people-- 5 boys and 10 girls-- during
Mass at St. Peter's, with a congregation of some 40,000. In his
homily, the Pope recalled the "unforgettable" encounter of the
previous evening, and said "the climate of Pentecost" had filled the
air of the Vatican on that evening, as the dedicated lay Catholics
showed their love of God and their determination to "build a
civilization of love."
The Holy Father also stressed that the work of the Holy Spirit, begun
in the apostles on the first Pentecost, continues to this day in the
missionary work of the Church. He pointed out that all believers
share in the Gospel mandate to spread the good news of Christ, and
said the Church is now entering "a springtime sustained by the
renewing power of the Holy Spirit."
Traffic in the Italian capital was caught up in gridlock on
Saturday as the pilgrims began to gather. About 2,000
chartered buses and special trains brought the pilgrims
through the city to the Vatican. Traffic was barred from
neighborhoods near the Vatican, and backups were reported
along nearby roads. Cars on the beltway around the capital
found the going slow. Some residents found flyers on their
doors urging them to stay home.
About 20 million more pilgrims than usual are expected to
travel to Rome in 2000 for the celebrations marking the
beginning of the third millennium. "Curfews in entire
neighborhoods, buses which immobilized the Tiber-side road,
appeals not to go out or to do so without cars are things
which speak for themselves," said Giovanni Negri, a member
of the group Lay Observer of the Jubilee. He said the group
was considering going to court to protect citizens' rights
to free movement.
Pope John Paul II implores US Midwest Bishops to uphold the teachings and traditions of the Church in the Catholic School System
Speaking to a group of United States bishops from the upper midwest during their ad limina visit, the Holy Father implored them to make the Catholic School education curriculum paramount in upholding the truths of Holy Mother Church in a secular society which does not recognize or respect values and authority. He emphasized the need to be obedient to the Magisterium of the Church in all things and to impart this in all students so that they can become shining beacons in a dark world. For more, click on Beacons of the Faith.
US CATHOLIC SCHOOLS MUST TEACH TRUTH, SAYS POPE
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- Pope John Paul II said that Catholic
schools in the United States must teach the truth in all its integrity,
despite a climate in which all moral norms are regarded as private
As he received a group of American bishops from the midwest, who
were making their ad limina visit to Rome, the Holy Father said that
Catholic schools have an obligation to "lead young people to the
realization that freedom consists above all in responding to the
truth." The greatest challenge for Catholic schools in the United
States, he continued, is to be an "authentically Catholic" witness in a
secular society. He added that Catholic universities, too, should be
unyielding in their devotion to the truth-- a devotion which should
imply respect for the teaching magisterium of the Church.
Melbourne Archbishop to Gay Dissidents: Not in our Church you won't!
Three cheers for Archbishop George Pell, head of the archdiocese of Melbourne, Australia who stood up strongly to Gay dissidents who tried to disrupt the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass on Pentecost Sunday. It all came to a head during Holy Communion when Gay sympathizers wearing the rainbow sashes or sporting similar lapel pins were refused the Holy Eucharist. The reason was simple, stated the Archbishop: "The Church's view on sexuality...derives from natural moral law, which we believe is
unchanging." For more, click on No to gays.
AUSTRALIA ARCHBISHOP REFUSES HOMOSEXUAL COMMUNICANTS
MELBOURNE, Australia (CWNews.com) - Archbishop George Pell
of Melbourne was confronted by militant homosexuals
demanding Communion on Pentecost Sunday who he turned away,
and then he told the congregation that practicing
homosexuals cannot licitly receive the Eucharist.
About 70 protesters wearing rainbow-colored sashes or lapel
pins, the symbol of the Rainbow Sash Movement which
organized the protest, came forward in the Communion line
and were offered a blessing in place of the sacrament. "The
Church's view on sexuality ... is clear and unequivocal and
derives from natural moral law, which we believe is
unchanging," said Archbishop Pell. He added that it is not
only homosexuals who should not receive Communion, but
anyone who has committed mortal sin and has not repented.
"It's not a question of refusing homosexuals or someone who
is homosexually oriented. The rule is basically the same for
everyone," he said.
The archbishop said the protest during Mass was
inappropriate, and everyone wearing a rainbow sash or lapel
pin was refused Communion, whether or not they were
homosexual. "Archbishop Pell said he couldn't give me Holy
Communion until I took the sash off," said Nan McGregor,
the mother of a homosexual protester. "I said I was a
heterosexual mother, but he said he couldn't until I took
the sash off because the sash indicated I rejected the
teachings of the Catholic Church."
Law making it mandatory for 24-hour waiting period for abortions went into effect on Pentecost Sunday in Wisconsin
Despite appeals by Planned Parenthood and other pro-abortion factions, the U.S. Court of Appeals in Wisconsin denied their pleas and made it a law effective this past Sunday that all women must wait twenty four hours before having an abortion and must be afforded alternative choices such as adoption and fetal development as well as other programs supplied by the state and which would promote life. The decision was hailed by the state's pro-life groups as a big step in curbing abortion. For more, click on pro-life measures.
COURT DENIES APPEAL ON WISCONSIN ABORTION WAITING PERIOD
CHICAGO (CWNews.com) - A federal appeals court decided on
Friday not to grant a delay for a Wisconsin law requiring a
24-hour waiting period for abortions, allowing the law to
take effect on Sunday.
The 7th US Circuit Court of Appeals denied the motion by
Planned Parenthood of Wisconsin and pro-abortion groups to
delay the law, which was passed two years ago, while the
groups pursue a legal challenges. The law requires a
minimum 24-hour waiting period after a mother speaks with
an abortionist, and requires that she receive
state-supplied information that describes fetal development
and alternatives to abortion.
Susan Armacost of Wisconsin Right to Life praised the
court's decision. "It was for the protection of women so
they do not go into a serious, irreversible decision in
their life without knowing exactly what they were
choosing," she said.
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site. CWN is not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provides this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.
LITURGY FOR MONDAY AND TUESDAY
Today, besides being the first day of Ordinary Time in the Ninth Week of Ordinary Time, is also the Feast of Saint Marcellinus and Peter, Martyrs. For their story and the liturgy, readings and meditations today and for tomorrow's feast of Saint Charles Lwanga and companions, click on LITURGY FOR THE DAY.
Tuesday, June 2, 1998
Tuesday, June 1:
Ninth Tuesday in Ordinary Time and
Feast of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, Martyrs
Green or Red vestments
First Reading: 2 Peter 3: 12-15,17-18
Psalms: Psalm 90: 1-4, 10, 14,16
Gospel Reading: Mark 12: 13-17
SAINTS MARCELLINUS and PETER, Martyrs
These two saints were martyred for the faith in the early fourth century by beheading. Roman-born Saint Marcellinus died with his Egyptian-born counterpart Saint Peter who were both arrested and executed by the Emperor Maximin in Alexandria, the last to be martyred there by Roman authority. Peter was a learned scholar of the Scriptures and Catechism and fervently fought the Arians and followers of Origen who undermined the authority and teaching of Holy Mother Church. As Bishop of Alexandria Peter protected his flocks against the persecutions of the Emperor Diocletian but was eventually forced into hiding where both he and Marcellinus were captured when Maximin came into power. Peter detailed how lapsed Christians could be received back into the Church and these instructions were adapted by the Eastern Church. Both saints were forced to first dig their own graves in an out-of-the-way place before they were beheaded somewhere between 303 and 311 A.D. There was an unusual account that began in the sixth century when both of their bodies miraculously appeared together with their heads intact. They were buried together in the Catacomb of St. Tiburtius. Their relics were sent to Frankfort, Germany in 827 by Pope Gregory IV as a gift to the Holy Roman Emperor Louis, son of Charlemagne.
Wednesday, June 3, 1998
Wednesday, June 3:
Feast of Saint Charles Lwanga and Companions, Catechists and Martyrs
First Reading: 2 Timothy 1: 1-3, 6-12
Psalms: Psalm 123: 1-2
Gospel Reading: Mark 12: 18-27
SAINT CHARLES LWANGA AND COMPANIONS CATECHISTS AND MARTYRS
One of the Church's most recent saints, Saint Charles Lwanga and twelve companions were burned to death after withstanding tremendous torture in Uganda, Africa on June 3, 1886. They are the first group of African blacks ever canonized. This was done less than eighty years after their death during Vatican II by Pope Paul VI with most of the bishops of the world present in 1964. St. Charles is the patron of Catholic Action and has been offered as an ideal role model for all, especially African-American young men. Like the early Christians, the blood of St. Charles and his companions became the seed of Christianity in Africa with conversions more than tripling after their death. These martyrs were the first of over 100 missionaries, priests and ministers, including several bishops, who were to be slain during the bloody reign of the vicious Ugandan King Mwanga who, strangely enough, had invited the White Fathers into the area in 1879. It was through their efforts that much of Uganda was brought to the faith. Because of the priests' popularity and the surge of Christianity in Uganda, Mwanga felt threatened and retaliated with a vengence.
PROVERB OF THE DAY
"On rebellion alone is the wicked man bent, but a merciless messenger will be sent against him."
Proverbs 17: 11
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June 2, 1998 volume 9, no. 106 DAILY CATHOLIC