DAILY CATHOLIC    TUESDAY     June 2, 1998     vol. 9, no. 106


To print out entire text of Today's issue, go to SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO

Tuesday, June 2, 1998

    Tuesday, June 1:
    Ninth Tuesday in Ordinary Time and
    Feast of Saints Marcellinus and Peter, Martyrs

    Green or Red vestments

      First Reading: 2 Peter 3: 12-15,17-18
      Psalms: Psalm 90: 1-4, 10, 14,16
      Gospel Reading: Mark 12: 13-17


          These two saints were martyred for the faith in the early fourth century by beheading. Roman-born Saint Marcellinus died with his Egyptian-born counterpart Saint Peter who were both arrested and executed by the Emperor Maximin in Alexandria, the last to be martyred there by Roman authority. Peter was a learned scholar of the Scriptures and Catechism and fervently fought the Arians and followers of Origen who undermined the authority and teaching of Holy Mother Church. As Bishop of Alexandria Peter protected his flocks against the persecutions of the Emperor Diocletian but was eventually forced into hiding where both he and Marcellinus were captured when Maximin came into power. Peter detailed how lapsed Christians could be received back into the Church and these instructions were adapted by the Eastern Church. Both saints were forced to first dig their own graves in an out-of-the-way place before they were beheaded somewhere between 303 and 311 A.D. There was an unusual account that began in the sixth century when both of their bodies miraculously appeared together with their heads intact. They were buried together in the Catacomb of St. Tiburtius. Their relics were sent to Frankfort, Germany in 827 by Pope Gregory IV as a gift to the Holy Roman Emperor Louis, son of Charlemagne.

Wednesday, June 3, 1998

    Wednesday, June 3:
    Feast of Saint Charles Lwanga and Companions, Catechists and Martyrs

    Red vestments

      First Reading: 2 Timothy 1: 1-3, 6-12
      Psalms: Psalm 123: 1-2
      Gospel Reading: Mark 12: 18-27


          One of the Church's most recent saints, Saint Charles Lwanga and twelve companions were burned to death after withstanding tremendous torture in Uganda, Africa on June 3, 1886. They are the first group of African blacks ever canonized. This was done less than eighty years after their death during Vatican II by Pope Paul VI with most of the bishops of the world present in 1964. St. Charles is the patron of Catholic Action and has been offered as an ideal role model for all, especially African-American young men. Like the early Christians, the blood of St. Charles and his companions became the seed of Christianity in Africa with conversions more than tripling after their death. These martyrs were the first of over 100 missionaries, priests and ministers, including several bishops, who were to be slain during the bloody reign of the vicious Ugandan King Mwanga who, strangely enough, had invited the White Fathers into the area in 1879. It was through their efforts that much of Uganda was brought to the faith. Because of the priests' popularity and the surge of Christianity in Uganda, Mwanga felt threatened and retaliated with a vengence.

June 2, 1998       volume 9, no. 106


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