Pope Paul III approves the Society of Jesus Order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola in 1534, giving solemn recognition with his papal bull Regimini militantis ecclesiae. The Jesuits were founded to protect the Pope and defend the faith in the face of the Protestant revolt.
Death of Pope Urban VII, 228th successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted only 13 days. He was a virtuous and charitable man who undoubtedly would have aligned his government with the Tridentine decrees from the Council of Trent had he not died of malaria shortly after his election. He earmarked all his wealth for the works of charity.
Death of Saint Vincent de Paul. For more on this priest and religious founder, see DAILY LITURGY
Death of Pope Innocent XII, 242nd successor of Peter who ordered priests to wear the cassock everyday and to make retreats at regular intervals. France's King Louis XIV renounced the Gallican Proposals and Innocent agreed to recognize the bishops nominated by the king. Innocent died at age 85 after a pontificate lasting nine years.