DAILY CATHOLIC     FRI-SAT-SUN     September 10-12, 1999     vol. 10, no. 172


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Historical Events in Church Annals for September 10:

  • 432 A.D.
  • Election of Saint Celestine I as 43rd successor of Peter. He called the Third Ecumenical Council which condemned the followers of Nestorius, the Patriarch of Constantinople. Celestine sent Saint Patrick to Ireland and mention is first made during this period of the "pastoral staff."

  • 453 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Pulcheria, daughter of the Byzantine emperor who was instrumental in convincing authorities to condemn the heresies of Nestorius and Eutychius and recall orthodox bishops who had been exiled. She stood staunchly behind the orthodox reforms called for by Pope Saint Leo the Great and he credited her with helping save Catholicism in Constantinople where she died on this date.

  • 1310 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino of the Hermits of Saint Augustine. So devoted was this holy priest to saving souls that God mystically would reveal the souls admitted into Heaven as a result of his prayers and devout Masses.

  • 1622 A.D.
  • Death of 205 Japanese and European martyrs, including Blessed Sebastian Kimura and Blessed Lucy de Freitas who were burned to death by Shogun warriors along with the other Catholics. Blessed Lucy, a widow of a Portuguese trader, sought to hide European priests during this time of persecution including Fr. Kimura who secretly ministered to Japanese Catholics who were being forced by the Japanese regime to abandon their faith.

Historical Events in Church Annals for September 11:

  • 350 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Paphnutius, Egyptian Bishop who served as a monk under Saint Antony of the Desert before becoming Bishop. He took an active role in the Council of Nicaea in 325 and the Council of Tyre ten years later.

  • 812 A.D.
  • Election of Louis the Pious, the son of Charlemagne the Great as Holy Roman Emperor. Four years later Louis would officially be recognized and coronated by Pope Steven IV in Rome.

  • 1227 A.D.
  • The Black Plague strikes the crusaders during the Fifth Crusade, prompting Frederick II Hohenstauffen to flee rather than treating his troops. This, and other discretions prompted Pope Gregory IX to excommunicate Frederick.

Historical Events in Church Annals for September 12:

  • 1033 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Guy of Anderlecht, Confessor. This humble priest, born in Brussels, is known as a life-long sacristan because of his deep love for being near the Eucharistic Presence of Jesus in the Tabernacle.

  • 1362 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Innocent VI, 199th successor of Peter. This French Pope was one of the Avignon Popes and had a wall built to defend the city of Avignon from assaults. He also ordered the Spanish Cardinal Albornoz to restore order in the Papal States.

  • 1484 A.D.
  • Election of Pope Innovent VIII as the 213th successor of Peter. This Genoan-born pontiff would go on to rule for eight years, carrying out the tremendous task of pacifying the Catholic states. He was also inexorable in striking at the slave traffic as well as assisting Christopher Columbus in his undertaking to discover the western route to the Indies.

  • 1891 A.D.
  • Pope Leo XIII issues his 40th encyclical Pastoralis officii on the morality of dueling in seeking peace among Europeans and keeping them from fueding, especially in Germany and Austria.

  • 1897 A.D.
  • Pope Leo XIII ushers his 63rd encyclical Augustissimae Virginis Mariae on the Confraternity of the Holy Rosary.

September 10-12, 1999 FRI-SAT-SUN       volume 10, no. 172


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