DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN     October 8-10, 1999     vol. 10, no. 192


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Historical Events in Church Annals for October 8:

  • 451 A.D.
  • The Fourth Ecumenical Council convenes in Chalcedon in which Monophysitism was condemned. The Council was convened by the great Pope Saint Leo I on this day and lasted until November 1, 451 with 17 sessions with nearly 600 bishops attending, tripling the amount who attended the previous Ecumenical Council at Ephesus twenty years earlier.

  • 1085 A.D.
  • The Ministry of San Marcos (Saint Mark's) in Venice is established.

  • 1094 A.D.
  • The remains of the Apostle and Evangelist Saint Mark are moved from Alexandria to the Dicastry of Venice and the new tomb of Saint Mark at St. Mark's Ministery where it exists today.

Historical Events in Church Annals for October 9:

  • 258 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Denis or Dionysius, Bishop and his companions Saint Rusticus and Saint Eleutherius, all by beheading near Paris during the percution of Christians by the Roman emperor Decius. For more on this, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 1045 A.D.
  • Death of Blessed Gunther, hermit and cousin of emperor Heinrich II. He died at the age of 50 in Bohemia in his hermitage.

  • 1047 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Clement II, 149th successor of Peter, who was elected on Christmas day 1046. This Saxony-born pontiff ruled for less than a year. His great preoccupation was with the arrogance of the Count-Bishops, the cause of much bitter fighting among their vassals during this time known as the "Dark Ages." He succeeded in overcoming the resistance of Bishop Aribert of Milan as not was all harmony within the Holy See during this time.

  • 1192 A.D.
  • Richard the Lionhearted escapes Jerusalem under disguise after the Saladin had issued a ransom for his capture.

  • 1609 A.D.
  • Death of Saint John Leonardi, priest and religious founder. For more on this saint, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY.

  • 1958 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Pius XII, 260th successor of Peter. Born Eugenio Pacelli in Rome, he was elected on his birthday on March 2, 1939 just as World War II was about to break out. He strongly opposed Marxist persecutions. It was Pius who discovered the tomb of Saint Peter during the excavations under the great Basilica. He celebrated the 24th Jubilee in 1950 and proclaimed the Dogma of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven. His pontificate lasted nineteen and a half years.

Historical Events in Church Annals for October 10:

  • 1572 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Francis Borgia, Duke of Gandia in Spain and Captain-General of Catalonia who became a Jesuit priest after the death of his wife. He was elected the Third General of the Society of Jesus and accompanied the great Saint Pius V on a crusade to recruit troops to fight the Turkish menace. A year after the great victory at Lepanto he died in Rome physically spent from his travels.

  • 1982 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II canonizes fellow Pole Father Maximilian Mary Kolbe who was born in 1894 and died at Auschwitz on August 14, 1941 after volunteering himself in place of a young Jewish father with a wife and children. This Conventual Franciscan founded the Militias of the Immaculate Mary, a monthly newsletter that spread rapidly as well as founding the cities of the Immaculate Conception twenty-five miles out of Warsaw in Poland.

  • 1993 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II beatifies Maria Francesca Rubatto and Maria Crucified Satellico.

October 8-10, 1999 MONDAY       volume 10, no. 188


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