DAILY CATHOLIC    FRI-SAT-SUN     March 19-21, 1999     vol. 10, no. 55


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Historical Events in Church Annals for March 19:

  • @24 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Joseph, Patron of the Church, foster father of Jesus, spouse and protector of the Blessed Virgin Mary. For more, see WEEKEND DAILY LITURGY

  • 1128 A.D.
  • Queen Theresa of Portugal gifts the Castle of Soure to the Knights Templars for their noble efforts in the crusades.

  • 1148 A.D.
  • Crusaders of the Second Crusade make their entrance into Antioch

  • 1227 A.D.
  • Pope Gregory IX succeeds Pope Honorius III as the 178th in the line of Peter. He would go on to be known as the "canonizer" for elevating St. Francis, St. Dominic, and St. Anthony. He was also called the "excommunicator" for taking the bold move of placing Frederick II under interdiction. It was Gregory who instituted the "Holy Inquisition."

  • 1229 A.D.
  • The German Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen enters Jerusalem causing the Archbishop of Caesarea to place an inderdict on the Holy City at Pope Gregory IX's command.

  • 1452 A.D.
  • Frederick III becomes the last Holy Roman Emperor to be coronated in Rome

  • 1532 A.D.
  • Church property in England is confiscated by King Henry VIII in retaliation for Pope Clement VII's censures on him.

  • 1925 A.D.
  • Pope Pius XI elevates Father Angelo G. Roncalli to the episcopacy, naming him titular Archbishop of Areopolis and apostolic visitor to Bulgaria. Archbishop Roncalli would go on to become a cardinal and then the 261st successor of Peter as Pope John XXIII.

  • 1937 A.D.
  • Pope Pius XI publishes his 28th encyclical Divini redemptoris speaking out against atheistic communism.

Historical Events in Church Annals for March 20:

  • 687 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Cuthbert, bishop and abbot in Ireland, and Saint Herbert

  • 1191 A.D.
  • Death of Pope Clement III, 174th successor of Peter. This Roman-born Supreme Pontiff sustained the indissolubility of marriage. He gave official approval to the Order of the Teutonic Knights whose principal duty was to defend the pilgrims in the Holy Land.

  • 1239 A.D.
  • Pope Gregory IX re-excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Hohenhauffen for disobedience and interference in ecclesial affairs

  • 1312 A.D.
  • The King of France, Philip IV, with his army at the ready, persuades Pope Clement V in Vienne to condemn the Knights Templars

  • 1345 A.D.
  • Superstition spreads through Europe that the alignment of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars in the 40th degree of Aquarius is an omen of the Black Death. Though this plague scourged Europe and weakened Holy Mother Church's prestige, it opened doors for missionaries and religious to play a merciful role in aiding the sick and the dying.

  • 1393 A.D.
  • Death of Saint John Nepocene, Polish martyr and Patron of confessors.

  • 1413 A.D.
  • Death of the Catholic King of England Henry IV

  • 1565 A.D.
  • King Philip of Spain signs the deed for the settlement of Florida, dispatching more missionaries to the new world.

  • 1993 A.D.
  • Pope John Paul II beatifies Blessed John Duns Scotus.

Historical Events in Church Annals for March 21:

  • 630 A.D.
  • Roman Emperor Heraclius recaptures the True Cross taken by the Persians and restores it to it's proper place

  • 1146 A.D.
  • Saint Bernard of Clairvaux begins preaching the Second Crusade

  • 1152 A.D.
  • Pope Blessed Eugene III grants an annulment to King Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine

  • 1487 A.D.
  • Death of Saint Nicholas Von Flue, Patron Saint of Switzerland

  • 1591 A.D.
  • Pope Gregory XIV bans all wagering on papal elections as well as betting on the length of a papal reign or when cardinal would be named and who.

  • 1947 A.D.
  • Pope Pius XII publishes his eleventh encyclical Fulgens radiatur on Saint Benedict.

March 19-21, 1999       volume 10, no. 55


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