Death of Saint Peter the Apostle by inverted crucifixion. This is the date many historians attribute to the great apostle's martyrdom when he was thrown in chains and then opted to be crucified upside down since he didn't feel worthy of being crucified as Jesus had been.
Death of Saint Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester who, along with Saint Dunstan and Saint Oswald, was responsible for the restoration of monasticism in England. He also is known for translating the rule of Saint Benedict into English.
Peter the Hermit, who was chosen to lead the First Crusade after the death of Laszlo, leads his charges into Constantinople on this day.
The "lay investiture" controversy is settled by an assembly of bishops, abbots and nobles when the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II and Saint Anselm were reconciled. The former agreed to renounce his right to the investiture of bishops and abbots, and the saint agreed to the clergy paying homage to the king for their temporal possessions. It was upheld by Pope Paschal II.
Pope Benedict XIV issues his tenth encyclical Quod Provinciale, intended for the bishops of Albania on the alarming use of Christians taking Muslim names.
Death of Saint Alphonsus Liguori, Bishop, Religious Founder and Doctor of the Church. For more, see THIS WEEKEND'S LITURGY