Historical Events in Church Annals for July 21:
Pope Paul III establishes the Inquisition in Rome. It had already been tested in Spain and France. Now, with the Protestant Reformation it was decided to set it up in Rome under the guidance of the Jesuits which he had given official approval as an Order in 1534.
Pope Saint Pius V decrees that the Inquisition be extended to the Portuguese Navy where dissension forced this move.
Death of Saint Lawrence of Brindisi. For more on this saint, see DAILY LITURGY.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 75th encyclical - Omnibus compertum aimed at the Patriarch and bishops of the Greek-Melkite rite on unity among Greek Melkites with Rome.