Election of Pope Hadrian II or Adrian II, 106th successor of Peter, who was born in Rome in 792 A.D. He would be remembered for having crowned Alfred the Great as King of England - the first English sovereign to be so honored and blessed by Rome. He was the last Supreme Pontiff to be married as he was wed while a deacon and therefore allowed to be ordained and elevated to the throne of Peter as a married man, as was Saint Peter.
Death of Pope Hadrian II, 106th successor of Peter and the only Pope to be elected and die on the same date of the month. He convened the 8th Ecumenical Council in Constantinople in 869 which deposed Photius and ended the Greek Schism though he struggled throughout his five-year papacy in trying to settle deep quarrels among the Catholic peoples before he died at the age of eighty.
Election of Pope John VIII as 107th successor of Peter to succeed Pope Hadrian II who died on this date (see above). Like Hadrian, John VIII was born in Rome. His ten year papacy would be wrought with political intrigue and struggles against the Saracens. Assisted only the inhabitants of Rome he would defeat the Saracens at Taaarracina, but Charles the Gross would fail to maintain his promise of help, and consequently Pope John VIII would be defeated by the Arabs and forced to pay a huge tribute to the infidels.
Death of Saint John of the Cross, priest, religious reformer and Doctor of the Church. For more on this extraordinary saint who is the author of "The Dark Night of the Soul", click on DAILY LITURGY.