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TUESDAY      November 10, 1998      SECTION TWO       vol 9, no. 220

To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION ONE


      Today is the Feast of Pope Saint Leo the Great, Doctor of the Church. Tomorrow, on Veterans Day, we celebrate the Feast of Saint Martin of Tours, Bishop. For the readings, liturgies, meditations and vignettes of these saints, click on LITURGY FOR THE DAY.

Tuesday, November 10, 1998

Feast of Saint Leo the Great, Pope and Doctor of the Church

Wednesday, November 11, 1998

Feast of Saint Martin of Tours, Bishop


      Today's prayer is taken from the Opening Prayer for today's Mass honoring Pope Saint Leo the Great:

God our Father, You will never allow the power of hell to prevail against Your Church, founded on the rock of the apostle Peter. Let the prayers of Pope Leo the Great keep us faithful to Your Truth and secure in Your Peace.

Events Today in Church History

      Today is the 449th anniversary of the death of the 220th successor of Peter Pope Paul III who was the man who, continuing the counter-reform movement against Protestantism, convened the landmark Council of Trent and also gave papal approval to the Society of Jesus, which, of course, is the priestly order known as the Jesuits. For other events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

Historical Events in Church Annals for November 10:

with a Catholic slant

provided by Catholic World News Service



      VATICAN ( -- After his Angelus audience on Sunday, November 8, Pope John Paul II made an appeal for a "generous" worldwide response to the needs of people he Central America who are suffering in the wake of a devastating hurricane there. He also renewed his calls for peace in the world, especially in Congo and in the Middle East.

      After speaking of the natural disaster that struck Honduras and Nicaragua, the Pope told his audience, "While raising my prayer to God for the numerous victims, I renew my invitation to generosity toward the survivors, who are now confronting enormous problems."

      "Alas there are other sad events, caused this time by the violence of men, which threaten to undo the efforts of those who hope for a better world," the Holy Father continued. He mentioned the recent bombing in Jerusalem, evidently intended to set back the peace process. "The best remedy against such terrorism," the Pope said, "is the application of the peace accords."

      Finally, the Holy Father mentioned new armed attacks in regions of Congo. These new military advances, he said, "leave the local populations in a climate of total insecurity, causing damage to our religious personnel and the works of the Catholic Church."

      Meanwhile in Miami, native Nicaraguans who are now living in the United States have organized a series of fundraising efforts to help their former countrymen recover from the damages caused by hurricane Mitch.

      Especially in Miami, the activity among Nicaraguan groups has been particularly intense during the past week, since news reports carried a dramatic story of suffering in the Central American nation. Parish halls have been converted into warehouses, storing supplies for shipment to Nicaragua. The city's harbors have been busy day and night, as supplies come in from other cities, or head out for Managua.

      The organization Nicaraguan Brotherhood said that government aid would not be enough to help the hurricane victims, and so "we are working, community to community, to make sure they really get what they need." Setting aside the political differences between many exiles and the government in Managua, those involved in the fundraising efforts see their work as a service to their former neighbors. As one volunteer pointed out simply: "First and foremost, we are all Nicaraguans."


      WASHINGTON, DC ( - The US Supreme Court on Monday turned away a challenge to a Wisconsin law that allows parents to use tax vouchers to send their children to the school of their choice, including church schools.

      The high court voted 8-1, with no explanatory comment, to refuse to hear a challenge to the law that contended it violated the separation of church and state because religious schools were allowed to take part. The program allows as many as 15,000 eligible students in Milwaukee to attend the school of their choice with tuition vouchers good for up to $5,000 per year.

      The law had been challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, People for the American Way, the NAACP, and teachers' unions. Some supports of the law were also disappointed that the court elected not hear the case and "resolve the constitutionality of parental choice."


      VATICAN ( -- Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, the prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, has been elected vice-dean of the College of Cardinals. He succeeds Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, who died on June 9.

      Cardinal Ratzinger was elected to his new post on November 6 by the six cardinal-bishops. (The College of Cardinals is divided into cardinal-bishops, cardinal-priests, and cardinal-deacons.) The vice-dean replaces the dean of the College of Cardinals (currently Cardinal Bernardin Gantin) if the latter is unable to perform his functions.

      Upon the death of a pope, the cardinal known as the camerlengo (currently Cardinal Eduardo Martinez Somalo) takes charge of Vatican affairs until a new pope is elected. But it is the dean of the College who calls together the conclave, presides over the elections in the Sistine Chapel, and asks the elected candidate if he will accept the office and which name he will choose.

      In his motu proprio of November 1970, governing the process of papal elections, Pope Paul VI stipulated that the vice-dean should replace the dean if the dean has reached the age of 80 at the time of the conclave. Cardinal Gantin is now 76 years old, while Cardinal Ratzinger will be 72 in April.

      The other 4 cardinal-bishops, named for life, are Cardinals Paolo Bertoli, Roger Etchegaray, Angelo Sodano, and Lucas Moreira Neves-- the last having been named to replace Cardinal Eduardo Pironio upon his death last year.


      BOGOTA ( - The Catholic Church bishops of Colombia have asked pro-life legislators not to accept new proposals which could weaken the penalties for abortion, infanticide, and euthanasia.

      Bishop Fernando Sabogal, an auxiliary in Bogota, testified before a legislative committee which is considering proposed changes in the country's penal code. He observed that the changes would provide lighter sentences for abortion in cases involving rape or severe malformation of the fetus, as well as for euthanasia, mercy killing, and genetic manipulation.

      "For the Church this "mercy killing" is unacceptable, as is abortion in all circumstances," Bishop Sabogal said, "because the 'problem' which they seek to eliminate is life itself--and that, of course, is contrary to the law of God." The bishop argued that rather than easing criminal penalties for such offenses, the legislature should actually make the law stricter, in order to counteract the current climate of indifference toward the dignity of human life. He also expressed the fear that, if criminal penalties are eased in some cases, the way might be cleared for elimination of all criminal sanctions, and thus for the effective legalization of abortion and euthanasia.

      Bishop Sabogal reminded the legislators that they are not obliged to approve the proposed changes in the criminal code, and urged them to make an independent judgment, mindful of the threats to human life.

      Regarding the situation in Columbia, Pope John Paul II condemned the terrorism which has struck innocent victims in that country, including several missionaries and Church workers as he greeted the new ambassador to the Holy See from Columbia.

      Speaking to Guillermo Leon Escobar-Herran, who presented his diplomatic credentials on November 7, the Pope argued that "social disequalibrium" caused by "marked discrepancies in the distribution of material resources" had contributed to the growth of violence in Colombia. He urged a process of "national reconciliation" based on "the art of dialogue."

      The Pope expressed his outrage over the recent acts of violence by terrorist groups seeking to overthrow the government, as well as the ugly phenomena of drug traffic, abandoned children, and family breakdown.

      Meanwhile, in Syracuse, New York the former head of Operation Rescue filed for bankruptcy protection on Friday, citing enormous debts owed to pro-abortion groups and abortion clinics after a civil judgement against him.

      Randall Terry said in his Bankruptcy Court filing he has $1.7 million in debts, including $1.6 million he has been ordered to pay to the National Organization for Women and Planned Parenthood. "I cannot in good conscience permit the National Organization of Women, Planned Parenthood, and others who have profited from abortion to harass my wife and family, and possibly get money from me to continue their crusade against unborn life," he said.

For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site. CWN is not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provides this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.

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November 10, 1998 volume 9, no. 220   DAILY CATHOLIC