Death of Pope Saint Leo the Great, Doctor of the Church. For more on this great saint and pontiff, see TODAY'S LITURGY
Death of Pope Celestine IV, 179th successor of Peter who had been elected on October 28, 1241. The cardinals had been unable to reach an agreement on his election so the Roman Senate closed them under lock and key in the ancient palace of the Settizonio on the Coelian Hill. From this episode the Church derives the term "conclave."
Death of King Pedro III, monarch of Aragon who had wrongly been excommunicated by French sympathizing Pope Martin V.
Death of Pope Paul III, 220th successor of Peter whose pontificate lasted just a week over 15 years. A great patron of culture and the arts, he nominated Michelangelo as architect for life of St. Peter's Basilica. In the climate created by the "Counter Reformation" he gave official approval to Saint Ignatius Loyola for the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and called the 19th Ecumenical Council - the landmark Council of Trent.
Death of Saint Andrew Avellino, 87-year old mystic and reformer who faced fierce harassment by those opposing reform within religious orders. He was a close friend of Saint Charles Borromeo and died in Naples on this date.