Death of Saints Perpetua and Felicity, virgins and martyrs who were subjected to torture by wild beasts in a Carthage amphitheater but came out of it unscathed. So incensed was the Procurator of the region Hilarion that he ordered them be swiftly killed by the sword.
Death of Saint Gaudiosus, Bishop of Brescia who died of natural causes on this date.
Death of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelic Dominican Doctor of the Church. His feast used to be celebrated on the day of his death but in the new liturgy that was transferred to January 28th. For more on this great saint, see St. Thomas' feast day.
Pope Clement VII denies the request by King Henry VIII for a divorce from Catherine of Aragon to which Henry declares he, not the Pope, is the supreme head of England's church, in effect declaring apostasy and schism that lasts even up to today.
Death of Pope Innocent XIII, 244th successor of Peter. This Jesuit was born in Rome and elected the Roman Pontiff on May 18, 1721. During his three year pontificate he reconfirmed the papal bull Unigenitus for those of the French clergy who had not accepted it. He intervened forcibly in the Spanish Church and sent 100,000 crowns to the Knights of Malta in their struggle with the Turks.