Birth of the emperor Charlemagne - the great Holy Roman Emperor.
Pope Sylvester II elected as the 139th successor of Peter. Like Pope John Paul II, Sylvester was also a non-Italian and this French Pontiff, born in Auvergne, France, would prepare his universal flock for the second millennium - just as our Polish Pope is doing for the third millennium. Sylvester II would try to repress the debauchery of these times and, highly cultured, he would introduce the use of Arabic numbers.
The Seventh Crusade, led by Saint Louis, King of France, is forced to surrender to the Muslimsm because of broken promises to the crusaders by Pope Innocent IV and Frederick II Hohenstaufen and his son Manfred.
Death of King Ferdinand I, monarch of Aragon which would be annexed as an intricate part of Spain.
Death of Prince Arthur, Prince of Wales and oldest brother of England's King Henry VIII.
Death of Saint Francis of Paola, Franciscan and religous founder whose optional feast we celebrate today.
The Marriage of Philip II King of Spain to Queen Isabella of France, solidifying the Catholic bloc in those two nations and ensuring Catholicism would prosper despite the reformation.
Ordination at the Lateran University in Rome of Father Eugenio Maria Giovanni Pacelli who would, of course, go on to become Pope Pius XII.