May 4-7, 2000
volume 11, no. 87
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1038 A.D. Death of Saint Gothard, also known as Godehard. Born in 962, he became a Benedictine monk and then bishop of Bavaria. St. Gothard Pass in the Swiss Alps derives its name from the chapel built there to honor this saint who was canonized in 1131 by Pope Innocent II.
1471 A.D. Death of Prince Edward of England when Queen Margaret, also of England, is defeated at Tewkesbury Edward IV in the War of Roses. Twelve years later on the same date Edward's son Edward V would march into London and a new regime would begin in the British Isles. Both sides were loyal to the Church so Rome showed no favorites.
1493 A.D. In honor of his great discovery, Christopher Columbus is granted an official Spanish Coat of Arms by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. On this same day Pope Alexander VI, a Spanish native, sets a line of demarcation 100 leagues west of the Azores between Spanish and Portuguese interests of exploration. Since it naturally favored Spain, it would be altered at the Treaty of Tordesillas a year later.
1997 A.D. Pope John Paul II beatifies the first gypsy Ceferino Gimenez Malla along with Bishop Florentino Ascensio Barroso, Sr. Maria Encarnacion Rosal of the Sacred Heart, Fr. Gaetano Catanoso, and Father Enrico Rebuschini during ceremonies in St. Peter's Square.
614 A.D. The Persians seize Jerusalem and capture the True Holy Cross that Saint Helena had placed there after finding it. It would be years before the Christians would recapture it.
1045 A.D. Pope Gregory VI is elected the 148th successor of Peter. He is credited with forming the first pontifical army. Born in Rome, he would die a year and a half later on December 20, 1046. His pontificate was a breath of fresh air after the shameful corruption that had preceded him. He personally led his army in protecting himself from invasion and, like his predecessor Benedict IX, was forced by the people to abdicate.
1474 A.D. The cornerstone is laid in Oxford, England for Magdalen College, named after Mary Magdalene.
1494 A.D. Two years after discovering America, Christopher Columbus returns and arrives on the shores of Jamaica.
1749 A.D. Pope Benedict XIV issues his sixth encyclical to all the faithful proclaiming the Holy Year of 1750 in Peregrinantes. While that would indeed be a holy year, other events later in that century, specifically the French Revolution would tear the Church asunder in parts of Europe, especially France.
1824 A.D. Pope Leo XII releases his first encyclical to all the bishops on his assuming the pontificate half a year earlier on September 23, 1823 in succeeding Pope Pius VII.
1888 A.D. Pope Leo XIII publishes his 26th encyclical titled In plurimis to the Bishops of Brazil on the call the abolish slavery.
973 A.D. Birth of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry II son of Otto II during the reign of Pope Benedict VI.
1210 A.D. The magnificent Cathedral of Rheims in France is destroyed by fire. Arson is suspected but never proven. One year later to the day in 1211 the cornerstone would be laid on complete reconstruction of the new Cathedral of Rheims.
1312 A.D. Pope Clement V closes the Fifteenth General Council or the Council of Vienne begun in October 1311 in which the Church abolishes the Knights Templar and that all their property be turned over to the Hospitallers who were the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem.
1527 A.D. The Lutheran army led by the German emperor Charles V sacks Rome, kills 147 of the elite Swiss Guard protecting the pontiff, and captures Pope Clement VII, imprisoning him for six months. Clement, though favored by Charles, opted to throw his support behind Francis I of France and that irked Charles to no end whose conquest ended the High Renaissance in Italy.
1542 A.D. Saint Francis Xavier arrives in Goa, India in his quest to bring the faith to the Far East.
1998 A.D. Alois Estermann, his wife Gladys and their purported murderer Cedric Tornay are laid to rest in the second worst catastrophe in Swiss Guard history when there is murder in the Vatican two days prior and the funeral was held on this day last year.
1990 A.D. His Holiness John Paul II beatifies the Child Martyrs Cristobal, Antonio and Juan along with Fr. Jose Maria de Yermo y Parres during ceremonies at the Vatican.
1574 A.D. Birth of Pope Innocent X, born Giambattista Pamfili in Rome. He would go on to become a cardinal and succeed Pope Urban VIII as the 236th successor of Peter. He would advise the Czar of Russia Alexis I to emancipate the servants of the glebe and would disapprove of the Treaty of Westphalia because a large number of cities would pass under Protestant control.
1995 A.D. Pope John Paul II beatifies six blesseds: Maria Helena Stollenwerk, Maria Alvarado Cordozo, Giuseppina Bonino, Maria Domenica, Burn Barbantini and Agostino Roscelli.
May 4-7, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 87
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