March 10-12, 2000
volume 11, no. 50
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172 A.D. Death of Saint Caius and Alexander, martyred by Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius at Apamea, Phrgia because of their fierce opposition to Roman idols and Montanism.
320 A.D. Death of the Forty Armenian Martyrs at the hands of the emperor Licinius.
335 A.D. Death of Saint Macarius of Jerusalem, Bishop of Jerusalem and one of the signers of the first documents decreed at the First Ecumenical Council - the Council of Nicaea. With permission from the emperor Constantine, Macarius built a basilica over the tomb of Jesus. During the excavation Constantine's mother Saint Helena discovered three crosses. When a women nearby, who was diseased, touched one of the crosses she was instantly healed and Helena knew it was the true Cross of Christ.
483 A.D. Death of Pope Saint Simplicius, 47th successor of Peter. Born in Tivoli, he was elected on March 3, 468. During his fifteen year pontificate occurred the Fall of the Western Empire in 476 when the Roman emperor Romulus Augustus was deposed by the barbarian King Odoacer. He also suffered through the schism which led to the founding of the Churches of Armenia, Syria and Egypt (Coptic). He regulated the distribution of offerings to pilgrims and for new churches. He also defended the Council Fathers of Chalcedon in the face of the Monophysite heresy.
560 A.D. Death of Saint Kessog, Irish missionary who evangelized Scotland and was known as a miracle worker wherever he went. He was martyred near Loch Lomond on this date by pagan tribesmen who stoned him to death.
1615 A.D. Death of the martyr Saint John Ogilvie, a Scottish Jesuit who faced the rath of the French Calvinists and was pestered and persecuted while trying to bring the faith to underground Catholics. In a kangaroo court John was convicted and hung at Glasgow on this date.
1791 A.D. Pope Pius VI issues a condemnation of France's Civil Constitution of the Clergy which had first been declared in a reorganization of the French Church on July 12, 1790, but with the French Revolution the Holy Father realized the Constitution was schismatic and had no choice but to condemn it. The repercussions would be fierce as Napoleon Bonaparte would rage and seige the papal states and ultimately Rome during the papacy of his successor Pope Pius VII.
263 A.D. Death of Saints Heraclius and Zosimus, martyrs in Carthage during the persecution of Roman Emperor Valerian.
300 A.D. Death of the Antioch Martyrs at the hands of the emperor Maximian.
537 A.D. Goths lay siege to Rome on this date during the pontificate of Pope Vigilius, 59th successor of Peter.
560 A.D. Death of Saint Sophronius, Hermit and Patriarch of Jerusalem. He was a strong defender of orthodoxy who was loved by friend and foe including the Saracen Khalif Omar, who out of respect for Sophronius delayed his conquest of Jerusalem until after Sophronius' death.
840 A.D. Death of St. Euthymius, Bishop of Sardis in Lydia and martyred by the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus for refusing to join the iconoclasts.
859 A.D. Death of St. Eulogius of Cordova, Archbishop of Toledo, Spain. He was martyred at the hands of the Moors whom he strove to convert shortly after being appointed archbishop.
1513 A.D. Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici is elected the 217th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope Leo X. His pontificate would last for eight years. During this time this Florentine Roman Pontiff would neither understand nor know how to offer remedies to the dangerous schism brought about by the ex-Augustinian monk Martin Luther. Leo would contribute to the institution of the pawnbroker's activity which would be considered a work of charity for the assistance of the less fortunate.
1514 A.D. A year to the day that Pope Leo X is on the throne, this Renaissance pontiff is forced to appoint someone else to head the design of St. Peter's Basilica with the death of the master Donato Bramante. Leo chooses wisely in his selection of Bramante's protege, the young and feisty Michelangelo Buonarroti and the rest, as they say, is history...and priceless art!
417 A.D. Death of Pope Saint Innocent I, 40th successor of Peter. Born in Albano outside Rome, he was elected on December 22, 401. During his sixteen year pontificate Rome was sacked by the Goths of Alaric. Innocent established the observance of the Roman rite. He persuaded the Roman emperor Honorius to prohibit gladiatorial contests in the arenas.
604 A.D. Death of Pope Saint Gregory the Great, 64th successor of Peter and originator of Gregorian Chant. During the fourteen year papacy of this saintly Roman Pontiff, he reaffirmed the civil authority of the Pope, thus beginning the "temporal power." On the decline of the plague in Rome an angel appearered to him on a castle that was from then on called Castel Sant'Angelo and remains today at the entrance to Vatican City above the Tiber River. His feast day universally in the Church is on the same day he was elected in 590, September 3.
1022 A.D. Death of St. Simeon, commemorated in the Orthodox Church
1144 A.D. Cardinal Gherardo Caccianemici is elected the 166th successor of Peter choosing the name Pope Lucius II. His pontificate would last just under a year. Born in Bologna, he would be forced to govern during the disorders caused by Arnold of Brescia. He would also see the rise of the communes in Italy which would signal the end of the Middle Ages. He would die by being struck by a stone while trying to prevent an extremely grave riot in the streets.
1173 A.D. The martyr Saint Thomas a Becket, murdered in the cathedral, is canonized by Pope Alexander III
1208 A.D. St. Peter of Castelnau canonized by Pope Innocent III
1566 A.D. The Catholic Queen of Scots Mary Tudor flees to Dunbar Castle to escape a Protestant plot against her.
1737 A.D. Pope Clement XII allows the body of Galili Galileo to be moved to the church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy overturning a century-old edict against the Catholic astronomer whom the Inquisition had condemned and imprisoned during the pontificate of Pope Paul V.
1939 A.D. Ten days after being chosen the 260th successor of Peter, Pope Pius XII is crowned with the tiara in a lavish ceremony at St. Peter's. He would be the last Sovereign Pontiff to wear the three-tiered tiara or be coronated. His successor Pope John XXIII opted for a more simple, humble ceremony and his successors Popes Paul VI, John Paul I and John Paul II all followed suit.
March 10-12, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 50
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