FRI-SAT-SUN     March 10-12, 2000    vol. 11, no. 50    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • Events that occurred this weekend in Church History
  • Daily LITURGY
  • Daily WORD
  • Be an angel! Your donations keep the DailyCATHOLIC on-line and available free to souls the world over!

  • Appreciation of God's gift of Christ's Redemption and His Church to guide us as to what is Actual Sin

        Today we continue with our new series in the search to uncover the wonderful treasures of the Church contained in the great Deposit of Faith. Today we present the second part of the catechesis on Original Sin as explained in My Catholic Faith and how in the forbidden "apple" the worm of Original Sin was washed away by redemption through Christ's victory of the Cross. For part two in the 128th installment, see APPRECIATING THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH

    installment 129: Actual Sin part two

          In continuing our treatise on Actual Sin, an exterior sin often causes scandal, and is more severely punished by God here on earth as well as after death. Drunkenness reduces the drunkard and his family to poverty and sickness. Impurity destroys the body, and is one of the quickest routes into depravity and the road to hell. Murder often leads the culprit to the electric chair.

          And worse, an exterior sin increases the malice of the will, and destroys the sense of shame. The repetition of exterior sins forms the habit of sinning, and vice is formed. The conscience goes to sleep, and the sinner becomes so hardened that he no longer sees the evil and wickedness of his sin.

          Thus it becomes easier and easier for him to commit sins of a worse kind. His state becomes worse and worse until finally he becomes a hardened sinner who believes himself sinless.

          Not all evil acts are sinful; there may be times when such acts are not sinful, as: When we do not know that the act is sinful. Noah became intoxicated, but committed no sin, because he was not aware of the strength of the wine. So one ight by mistake take poison instead of medicine and die, but he would not be guilty of suicide. Such an act is termed a material sin.

          When the act is done through no fault of our own. If one is not aware that a certain day is a day of abstinence, and eats meat, he commits no sin. Again, one might, by pure accident and through no negligence on his part, drop a loaded revolver. Even if it explodes and kills a person, he is not guilty of murder.

          When we do not consent to the evil. A stronger man may take our hand, and in spite of our refusal and protest force it to drop a lighted match into a gasoline tank. Even if there is an explosion and a whole town is set on fire, we are not guilty of arson. In the same way, as long as one does not consent to an evil thought, it remains a temptation, and he commits no sin.

          We are guilty of sins which we ourselves do not commit when we cooperate with another person's sins. We share in another's sin:

      • (a) by counsel;
      • (b) by command;
      • (c) by consent;
      • (d) by provacation;
      • (e) by praise or flattery;
      • (f) by silence;
      • (g) by assistance;
      • (h) by defense or concealment; and
      • (I) by not punishing the evil done.

          Thus rulers, legislative leaders, parents, employers, teachers, superiors, owners of shows and theater complexes, editors, publishers, and others in a position of responsibility, may easily render themselves guilty of the sins of others. One who is to blame for another's sin is as guilty as if he had committed the sin himself. One who tempts or provokes another into sin is perhaps the more guilty of the two.

      Monday: Mortal Sin part one

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    Events that happened this Weekend in Church History

       On Sunday 1,396 years ago in 604 one of the great Sovereign Pontiffs passed on to his Heavenly Reward. That would be Pope Saint Gregory the Great. This 64th in the line of Peter is the father of Gregorian Chant. He was gifted with visions including a message from an angel on the end of a terrible plague in Rome. He saw the angel on the castle fortress above the Tiber River and named it Castel Sant'Angelo - Castle of the Angel which stands today as the landmark to the entrance toward Vatican City. Unlike many saints, his feast day is not the day of his death but rather the day of his elevation to the papacy - September 3, 5 For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for March 10:

    • 68 A.D.
    • Death of Claudius Nero, notorious Roman emperor who began the persecution of the Christians that would last three centuries.

    • 172 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Caius and Alexander, martyred by Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius at Apamea, Phrgia because of their fierce opposition to Roman idols and Montanism.

    • 320 A.D.
    • Death of the Forty Armenian Martyrs at the hands of the emperor Licinius.

    • 335 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Macarius of Jerusalem, Bishop of Jerusalem and one of the signers of the first documents decreed at the First Ecumenical Council - the Council of Nicaea. With permission from the emperor Constantine, Macarius built a basilica over the tomb of Jesus. During the excavation Constantine's mother Saint Helena discovered three crosses. When a women nearby, who was diseased, touched one of the crosses she was instantly healed and Helena knew it was the true Cross of Christ.

    • 483 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Saint Simplicius, 47th successor of Peter. Born in Tivoli, he was elected on March 3, 468. During his fifteen year pontificate occurred the Fall of the Western Empire in 476 when the Roman emperor Romulus Augustus was deposed by the barbarian King Odoacer. He also suffered through the schism which led to the founding of the Churches of Armenia, Syria and Egypt (Coptic). He regulated the distribution of offerings to pilgrims and for new churches. He also defended the Council Fathers of Chalcedon in the face of the Monophysite heresy.

    • 560 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Kessog, Irish missionary who evangelized Scotland and was known as a miracle worker wherever he went. He was martyred near Loch Lomond on this date by pagan tribesmen who stoned him to death.

    • 1615 A.D.
    • Death of the martyr Saint John Ogilvie, a Scottish Jesuit who faced the rath of the French Calvinists and was pestered and persecuted while trying to bring the faith to underground Catholics. In a kangaroo court John was convicted and hung at Glasgow on this date.

    • 1791 A.D.
    • Pope Pius VI issues a condemnation of France's Civil Constitution of the Clergy which had first been declared in a reorganization of the French Church on July 12, 1790, but with the French Revolution the Holy Father realized the Constitution was schismatic and had no choice but to condemn it. The repercussions would be fierce as Napoleon Bonaparte would rage and seige the papal states and ultimately Rome during the papacy of his successor Pope Pius VII.

    Historical Events in Church Annals for March 11:

    • 250 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Pionius, Martyr.

    • 263 A.D.
    • Death of Saints Heraclius and Zosimus, martyrs in Carthage during the persecution of Roman Emperor Valerian.

    • 300 A.D.
    • Death of the Antioch Martyrs at the hands of the emperor Maximian.

    • 537 A.D.
    • Goths lay siege to Rome on this date during the pontificate of Pope Vigilius, 59th successor of Peter.

    • 560 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Sophronius, Hermit and Patriarch of Jerusalem. He was a strong defender of orthodoxy who was loved by friend and foe including the Saracen Khalif Omar, who out of respect for Sophronius delayed his conquest of Jerusalem until after Sophronius' death.

    • 840 A.D.
    • Death of St. Euthymius, Bishop of Sardis in Lydia and martyred by the Byzantine emperor Nicephorus for refusing to join the iconoclasts.

    • 859 A.D.
    • Death of St. Eulogius of Cordova, Archbishop of Toledo, Spain. He was martyred at the hands of the Moors whom he strove to convert shortly after being appointed archbishop.

    • 1513 A.D.
    • Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici is elected the 217th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope Leo X. His pontificate would last for eight years. During this time this Florentine Roman Pontiff would neither understand nor know how to offer remedies to the dangerous schism brought about by the ex-Augustinian monk Martin Luther. Leo would contribute to the institution of the pawnbroker's activity which would be considered a work of charity for the assistance of the less fortunate.

    • 1514 A.D.
    • A year to the day that Pope Leo X is on the throne, this Renaissance pontiff is forced to appoint someone else to head the design of St. Peter's Basilica with the death of the master Donato Bramante. Leo chooses wisely in his selection of Bramante's protege, the young and feisty Michelangelo Buonarroti and the rest, as they say, is history...and priceless art!

    Historical Events in Church Annals for March 12:

    • 295 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Maximilian, Martyr during the pontificate of Pope St. Caius.

    • 417 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Saint Innocent I, 40th successor of Peter. Born in Albano outside Rome, he was elected on December 22, 401. During his sixteen year pontificate Rome was sacked by the Goths of Alaric. Innocent established the observance of the Roman rite. He persuaded the Roman emperor Honorius to prohibit gladiatorial contests in the arenas.

    • 604 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Saint Gregory the Great, 64th successor of Peter and originator of Gregorian Chant. During the fourteen year papacy of this saintly Roman Pontiff, he reaffirmed the civil authority of the Pope, thus beginning the "temporal power." On the decline of the plague in Rome an angel appearered to him on a castle that was from then on called Castel Sant'Angelo and remains today at the entrance to Vatican City above the Tiber River. His feast day universally in the Church is on the same day he was elected in 590, September 3.

    • 1022 A.D.
    • Death of St. Simeon, commemorated in the Orthodox Church

    • 1144 A.D.
    • Cardinal Gherardo Caccianemici is elected the 166th successor of Peter choosing the name Pope Lucius II. His pontificate would last just under a year. Born in Bologna, he would be forced to govern during the disorders caused by Arnold of Brescia. He would also see the rise of the communes in Italy which would signal the end of the Middle Ages. He would die by being struck by a stone while trying to prevent an extremely grave riot in the streets.

    • 1173 A.D.
    • The martyr Saint Thomas a Becket, murdered in the cathedral, is canonized by Pope Alexander III

    • 1208 A.D.
    • St. Peter of Castelnau canonized by Pope Innocent III

    • 1566 A.D.
    • The Catholic Queen of Scots Mary Tudor flees to Dunbar Castle to escape a Protestant plot against her.

    • 1737 A.D.
    • Pope Clement XII allows the body of Galili Galileo to be moved to the church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy overturning a century-old edict against the Catholic astronomer whom the Inquisition had condemned and imprisoned during the pontificate of Pope Paul V.

    • 1939 A.D.
    • Ten days after being chosen the 260th successor of Peter, Pope Pius XII is crowned with the tiara in a lavish ceremony at St. Peter's. He would be the last Sovereign Pontiff to wear the three-tiered tiara or be coronated. His successor Pope John XXIII opted for a more simple, humble ceremony and his successors Popes Paul VI, John Paul I and John Paul II all followed suit.

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        This weekend we observe the Lenten liturgy and the FIRST SUNDAY OF LENT and "Mea Culpa Sunday" when the Holy Father will officially make a formal apology for past sins of the Church. For the readings, liturgies, and meditations, on these feasts, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Friday, March 10, 2000

        First Reading: Isaiah 58: 1-9
        Responsorial: Psalm 51: 3-6, 18-19
        Gospel Reading: Matthew 9: 14-15

    Saturday, March 11, 2000

        First Reading: Isaiah 58: 9-14
        Responsorial: Psalm 86: 1-6
        Gospel Reading: Luke 5: 27-32

    FIRST SUNDAY OF LENT, March 12, 2000

        First Reading: Genesis 9: 8-15
        Responsorial: Psalm 25: 4-6
        Second Reading: 1 Peter 3: 18-22
        Gospel Reading: Mark 1: 12-15

    Monday, March 13, 2000

        First Reading: Leviticus 19: 1-2, 11-18
        Responsorial: Psalm 19: 8-10, 15
        Gospel Reading: Matthew 25: 31-46

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    For the First Sunday of Lent:

        "The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent and believe in the gospel."

    Mark 1: 15

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    Special Prayer for Friday after Ash Wednesday

    Further with Thy gracious favor, we b eseech Thee, O Lord, the fasts which we have begun: that the bodily observance which we keep, we may be able also to practice with sinceere minds. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit.

    Special Prayer for Saturday after Ash Wednesday

    O Lord, hearken to our supplications: and grant that we may celebrate with devout service this solemn fast, whch Thou hast ordained for the healing of both soul and of body. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit.

    Special Prayer for the First Sunday of Lent

    O God, who dost purify Thy Church by the yearly observance of Lent: grant to Thy household, that what we strive to obtain from Thee by abstinence, we may achieve by good works. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit.

    DailyWAY OF THE CROSS Devotion

         The DailyWAY OF THE CROSS is a way of prayer. I walk, in spirit, with Jesus on His journey to Calvary and meditate on His suffering and death. Each meditation can be a personal meeting with Jesus and a new discovery of His presence in my life. Each meditation can be deeply personal by recalling specific persons places and experiences in my own life.

      A Plenary Indulgence is attached to this devotion according to article 194 of the Raccolta.


    "The Son of Man is destined to suffer grievously, to be rejected, and to be raised up on the third day. If anyone wants to be a follower of Mine, let him renounce himself and take up his cross every day and follow Me. For anyone who wants to save his life will lose it; but anyone who loses his life for My sake, that man will save it" (Luke 9: 22-24).


    1. Jesus is condemned to die

      We adore you, O Lord, and we praise You. Because by Your holy cross, You have redeemed the world.
      (genuflect or make the sign of the cross)

        Repeat the above prayer at every station
        and genuflect or make the sign of the cross

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, often I judge others and fail to be understanding or loving. Help me to see the people in my life through Your eyes, not the eyes of Pontius Pilate.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    2. Jesus willingly takes up His Cross

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, You embraced Your cross to redeem the world. Help me to embrace the crosses in life-the hardships, struggles, disappointments, and pain. Only by recognizing my own weakness, can I discover Your strength.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    3. Jesus falls for the First Time

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, You know how often I fall trying to follow You. Yet, You are always there to life me up. Help me always to trust in Your loving care for me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    4. Jesus meets His Blessed Mother

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your mother Mary's grief was surpassed by her love for you. So often You come to me in others and their love gives me new life. Help me to see how often You love me through the people in my life.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    5. Simon the Cyrene helps Jesus carry His Cross

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, sometimes I am indifferent to the needs of others in my life. I even neglect those whom I love. Help me to see that loving others is the surest way to find You in my life.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    6. Veronica wipes the Holy Face of Jesus

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, at times I am afraid to reach out to others. I do nothing when I should act; I say nothing when I should speak out. Give me a deeper and more courageous faith. Help me to trust that You are with me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    7. Jesus falls for the Second Time

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, failure and disappointment sometimes lead me to despair. I hide behind my pride and self-pity, withdrawing from You and others. Give me the hope I need and help me never to be afraid to begin again.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    8. Jesus comforts the Women of Jerusalem

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your great compassion for others overwhelms me. I feel petty and selfish when I think of You and the way You love. Help me to pour out my love, that You might fill me with Your Love.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    9. Jesus falls for the Third Time

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your failing strength makes me see how helpless I am. Without You, I can do nothing. Help me to rely on Your strength, to see how much I need You.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    10. Jesus is stripped of His garments

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, seeing You so cruelly humiliated makes me realize how I cling to my accomplishments, my possessions, my way. Help me to let go of those things in my life that prevent me from growing closer to You and others.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    11. Jesus is nailed to the Cross

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, I can never doubt Your great love for me when I see You crucified. Help me to see Your cross as the great sign of Your love for me.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    12. Jesus dies on the Cross

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, Your broken and lifeless body calls me to deeper faith. You chose death, even death on the cross. Help me to see my crosses as ways of loving You.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    13. Jesus is taken down from the Cross

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, seeing Your body taken from the cross reminds me how fearful I am of letting go of my own life. I am frightened when I think of being unimportant, useless, and helpless. Help me to place my life in Your hands.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be

    14: Jesus is Laid in the Tomb

      We adore you...

      MEDITATION: Lord Jesus, when I see the great stone sealing Your tomb, I feel alone and abandoned. Even though You sometimes seem distant or absent in my life, help me always to believe in Your closeness and loving presence.

      Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be


    "On the first day of the week, at the first sign of dawn, they went to the tomb with spices they had prepared. They found that the stone had been rolled away from the tomb, but on entering they discovered that the body of the Lord Jesus was not there. As they stood there not knowing what to think, two men in brilliant clothes suddenly appeared at their side. Terrified, the women lowered their eyes. But the two men said to them, "Why look among the dead for someone who is alive? He is not here; He has risen. Remember what He told you when He was still in Galilee: that the Son of Man had to be handed over to the power of sinful men, be crucified, and rise again on the third day?" And they remembered His words" (Luke 24: 1-8).


         Lord Jesus, help me to walk with You each day of my life, even to Calvary. The sorrow and joy, the pain and healings, the failures and triumphs of my life are truly small deaths and resurrections that lead me to closeness with You. Give me the faith and trust I need to walk with You always. Amen.
        Nihil Obstat: Very Rev. Msgr. Carroll E. Satterfield, S.T.D. Censor Librorum

        Imprimatur: William Donald Borders, D.D. Archbishop of Baltimore
        August 21, 1984

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    March 10-12, 2000     volume 11, no. 50
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