January 28-30, 2000
volume 11, no. 20
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530 A.D. Death of Saint Cannera. This Irish woman is considered the first holy "women's libber." This mystic anchorite always preached that if Jesus could minister to women as He did in the Gospels, then so could the Church's clergy. She broke down superstitions that women were contaminated and dangerous because of the sins of Eve. Just before she died, she broke all barriers by literally walking across the waters of the famed Shannon River in southern Ireland to reach the monastery of Senan where she convinced the abbot to admit her so she could die in peace.
544 A.D. Death of Saint John of Reome, Benedictine abbot who is considered the pioneer of monastic life in France which laid the seeds for her conversion a few centuries later.
804 A.D. Death of Saint Paulinus of Aquilea, Patriarch of Aquilea who worked closely with Charlemagne in ensuring Catholics were instructed in their faith, especially converts. He played a role in various Church councils and defended the doctrine of filioque which defines that the Holy Spirit descends from the Father and the Son. He was a great composer of hymns and poetry.
814 A.D. Death of Blessed Charlemagne at the age of 71. He freed Rome from the tyranny of Barbarossa and the antipope, restoring the true hierarchy. Pope Leo III crowned him the first Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas day at the turn of the 9th century.
1077 A.D. Pope Saint Gregory VII, the holy pontiff known as the monk Hildebrand lifts the interdict of excommunication and pardons the German emperor Henry IV who had approached the Pope in penitential garb at Canossa in the northern Italian Alps. It was a great victory for the Church vs. the state over the constant issue of investiture.
1119 A.D. Death of Pope Gelasius II, 161st successor of Peter. Born in Gaeta, his pontificate lasted less than one year. Attacked in the Basilica of the Lateran, he was imprisoned by the rebel Cencio Frangipane. When he was freed by Genoese sailors he fled to his native Gaeta. From there, dressed as a pilgrim, he returned to Rome and eventually was forced to move to Cluny where he died on this date.
1495 A.D. The ruthless Pope Alexander VI gives his son Cesare Borgia as a hostage to King Charles VIII of France in appeasement for the taking of Naples.
1621 A.D. Death of Pope Paul V, 233rd successor of Peter. The papacy of this Roman-born pontiff lasted 16 years. During this time he established relations with Michael Romanoff of Russia and appealed to the civilized nations to intervene and prevent the persecution of Christians in Japan and china. He encouraged Astronomy but did not interfere with the investigation and condemnation of Copernicus.
628 A.D. Death of Saint Anastasius, a Persian soldier who was strangled and decapitated on the shores of the Euphrates River because he would not renounce his faith but rather converted all the prisoners and prison guards; so much so that even torture could not turn the flood of converts to this mystical, holy man. Miracles attributed to his intercession were said to have occurred abundantly after his death.
1045 A.D. Death of Brithwold, Benedictine Bishop of Ramsbury and Sarum. He possessed mystical gifts, receiving visions and messages from above.
1588 A.D. Pope Sixtus V issues his decree "Immense aeterni" reforming the Roman Curia.
1795 A.D. Death of Saint Vincent Pallotti,priest and teacher of theology in Rome who was canonized during the Second Vatican Council by Pope Paul VI.
1860 A.D. Pope Pius IX establishes the American College in Rome.
228 A.D. Death of Saint Martina of Rome. Orphaned at an early age, she remained a virgin all her life. Though tempted and forced to give up her virginity to a Roman courter, she steadfastly refused. The spurned suitor became incensed and betrayed her by turning her into the Roman Emperor Alexander Severus who had her beheaded and thrown to the lions in the colisseum.
311 A.D. Death of Saint Savina of Milan, a virgin who tended to the imprisoned Christians and following through with burial of their bodies after they had been martyred. She was killed herself by Diocletian's soldiers while praying at the grave of Saint Felix.
684 A.D. Death of Saint Aldegund, who is the patron saint of breast cancer patients since she also died of this disease. She founded the abbey of Maubeuge in France and became its first abbess.
680 A.D. Death of Saint Bathildis, Saxon queen who married King Clovis and was privileged to have Saint Eligius to give her spiritual direction. Her early upbringing prompted her to lower taxation on the poor so the families could also raise families. She also ruled that no Christians or French citizen could be sold into slavery. Many believe she was the first crusader toward abolishing slavery. When Clovis died she gave up the castle in favor of life as a Benedictine nun where she lived out her life as a simple, humble religious at Chelles Abbey outside of Paris.
1640 A.D. Death of Saint Hyacinth Mariscotti, who strayed often but, in sickness, rediscovered the Church and her vocation as a Franciscan Tertiary. Learning from her mistakes she became an excellent novice mistress because she was able to relate with the temptations the novices were experiencing.
January 28-30, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 20
THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY
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