FRI-SAT-SUN    January 28-30, 2000   vol. 11, no. 20   SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • Weekend LITURGY
  • Daily WORD

  • Appreciation of the Second Epistle of St. Peter

        Today we continue with our new series in the search to uncover the wonderful treasures of the Church contained in the great Deposit of Faith, concentrating on the Books of the New Testament today with the introduction to Peter's Second Epistle. For the ninety-eight installment, see APPRECIATING THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH

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    Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala overcame the terrible persecution of Idi Amin's regime in Uganda to become Archbishop of Kampala

        We continue with this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church. Our one-hundred-fifty-first red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order is 73 year-old Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala, the Uganda-born Archbishop of Kampala on Lake Victoria in east central Africa who has served as shepherd there since 1990. He was elevated to the cardinalate during the Consistory of November 26, 1994 by Pope John Paul II. For more on Cardinal Wamala, see COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION

      151.   Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala

          Born on December 15, 1926 in jungle village of Kamaggwa, Uganda Cardinal Emmanuel Wamala was blessed by being brought up in a devout Catholic family that had been converted by missionaries. In 1942 while war was raging in Europe and in the Pacific, things were relatively calm in this east central African republic which had been a British protectorate. This allowed young Emmanuel to pursue his dream - that of becoming a priest. He began this quest at the Seminary of Bukaslasa. A year before he was to be ordained he was sent to Rome to receive his Theology degree at the Pontifical Urban University. This accomplished he was ordained by Pope Pius XII at St. Peter's on December 21, 1957. He stayed on in Rome to continue more studies before returning to his homeland in 1960 where he taught at his alma mater and other Catholic schools in Uganda for the next seventeen years.

          During his time teaching he saw his beloved land attain independence in 1962 and be proclaimed a republic the next year and then from 1971 to 1979 the terrible persecution under that mad dictator Idi Amin who was responsiple for the the expulsion of all Asians and the killing of over 300,000 Ugandans. In 1977 Pope Paul VI, who had met Father Wamala during his Papal Visit there in 1969, recalled the Ugandan priest to Rome where the Vicar of Christ bestowed the title "Chaplain of His Holiness" on him. Four years later, with Amin finally deposed, Pope John Paul II remembered this kindly priest, elevating him to the episcopal ranks by naming him Bishop of Kiyinda-Mityana on July 17, 1981. He was ordained and installed on November 22, 1981. After nine years in this post the Pope promoted him to Coadjutor Archbishop of Kampala on June 21, 1988. Two years later on February 8, 1990 he was named Archbishop of Kampala, the capital of Uganda on the shores of beautiful Lake Victoria. That same year he was elected President of the Ugandan Episcopal Conference, a position he was reelected to four years later.

          The Holy Father elevated him to the cardinalate during his Consistory of November 26, 1994 where he received the red-hat and the titular church of St. Hugh. In addition ot his duties as Shepherd of the See of Kampala, he enjoys curial membership in the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and the Pontifical Council "Cor Unum." At a young 73, Cardinal Wamala is expected to continue as Archbishop of Kampala for at least two more years and possibly longer if his health continues as strong as it is today.

          The Faith was first brought to Uganda by the Missionary White Fathers in 1879 where persecution in the next decade caused the martyrdom of the 22 Uganda martyrs who were canonized by Paul VI in 1964. A Ugandan was the first native African bishop ordained in 1939 and the first hierarchy was established in Kampala in 1953. Since the deposition of Amin, Uganda has still suffered from tribal rivalries and conflicts as missionaries continue to do all they can to maintain the Faith in this land. Cardinal Wamala has been especially concerned with the growing epidemic of HIV/AIDS in his land which has the highest incidence of this deadly disease than any other in Africa. Currently the number of Catholics in Uganda comprises 43% of the total population.

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        This weekend we commemorate the Feast of the Angelic Doctor Saint Thomas Aquinas on Friday. Saturday we observe Ordinary Time and the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday and Sunday is the FOURTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and vignettes on these feasts, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Friday, January 28, 2000

      Friday January 28:
      Feast of the Angelic Doctor of the Church Saint Thomas Aquinas

      White vestments

        First Reading: 2 Samuel 11: 1-10, 13-17
        Psalms: Psalm 51: 3-7, 10-11
        Gospel Reading: Mark 4: 26-34

    Feast of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Dominican Priest and Angelic Doctor of the Church

          Few saints were more revered than this learned Dominican who contributed so much to Holy Mother Church in writings and songs. He is best known for the great theology tome "Summa Theologica", which incorporates three parts covering the entire teaching of the Church in regards Faith and Morals. He also penned the awe-inspiring Benediction hymns of "O Salutaris Hostia" and "Tantum Ergo". He was born of noble heritage in Aquino, Italy in 1226 five years after the death of the founder of the Dominicans Saint Dominic. Though Thomas studied at the Dominican University in Naples, his brother kidnapped him on his way from Naples to the Order's University in Paris. This absconding was ordered by Thomas' own mother, so incensed was she that Thomas was considering the priesthood. Thomas was forcefully taken to the family's castle of Rocca-Secca and kept there against his will for two years, often being coerced by his own brothers to abandon his holy vow of chastity. But Pope Innocent IV intervened, ordering Thomas be brought to Rome. From there Thomas, also an expert chemistry scholor, was free to go on to Paris to study. In France he studied under Saint Albert the Great who had joined the Dominicans in 1223. After graduating summa cum laude, Thomas landed teaching dockets at universities in Paris, Rome and Naples. So great was his tutelage that Pope Urban Iv summoned Thomas to personally advise the pontiff in 1261. Thomas stayed on for three years. There in Rome, he composed the Mass and office for the feast of Corpus Christi as well as writing the hymns "Pange Lingua" and "Adoro Te". Though he was an extremely learned man, he was also humble enough to realize his vital need for God. Once, while in prayer, he heard Jesus say to him from the crucifix, "Thomas, thou has written well of Me. What reward dost thou wish?" The holy preacher didn't hesitate in his response, "No other reward, Lord, except Thyself." Besides St. Albert, Thomas was a close confidant to Saint Bonaventure. He became such a counselor to the papacy that Pope Gregory X personally invited him to participate in the General Council of Lyons in 1274, but the Dominican scholar died on his way there at Fossa Nuova near Terracina, Italy on March 7, 1274. He was only 49 when he was called home to Heaven and exactly 49 years later he was canonized by Pope John XXII. Thomas was officially declared a "Doctor of the Church" in 1567 by Pope Saint Pius V and his feast day had always been celebrated on March 7th until after Vatican II when it was changed to January 28th.

    Saturday, January 29, 2000

      Saturday January 29:
      Third Saturday in Ordinary Time and
      Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

      Green or White vestments

        First Reading: 2 Samuel 12: 1-7, 10-17
        Psalms: Psalm 51: 12-17
        Gospel Reading: Mark 4: 35-41

    Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

            Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary is a custom first promoted by the Benedictine Monk Saint Alcuin back in the days of Charlemagne (see archives December 23, no. 25 issue, volume 7). He composed different formulas for Votive Masses for each day of the week, with two set aside to honor Our Lady on Saturday. This practice caught on with great enthusiasm and eventually the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday became the Common of the Blessed Virgin. This Mass was a favorite with retired priests and those whose sight was failing for most had memorized this Mass and were able to say it by heart without having to read the Lectionary or Sacramentary. One reason Saturday was dedicated to Mary was that Saturday held a special meaning in Mariology. First of all, as Genesis accounts for, God rested on the seventh day. In the Old Testament, the Sabbath was Saturday. Jesus, Son of God rested in the womb and then, when He became incarnate, in the loving arms of Mary from birth until she held His lifeless body at the foot of the Cross. Thus the God-head rested in Mary. It was also on Saturday after Good Friday that Jesus gave His Mother a special gift and reward for keeping her faith in His Divinity intact by making an exceptional appearance to her. Thus, because of these reasons, the devotion spread by St. Alcuin and other liturgies that evolved within the Church, Saturday took on a special Marian significance. Saturday took on even more significance in honoring Mary when Our Lady imparted to visionary Lucia in her third apparition at Fatima on July 13, 1917, "Our Lord wishes that devotion to my Immaculate Heart be established in the world. If what I tell you is done, many souls will be saved and there will be peace; the war will end...I ask the consecration of the world to my Immaculate Heart and Communion of reparation on the First Saturday of each month...If my requests are granted, Russia will be converted and there will be peace...In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph, and an era of peace will be conceded to humanity." As we draw nearer to that wonderful event, it is more important than ever to honor Mary's request on the First Saturday as well as each Saturday that her feast is commemorated in the Church calendar, not to mention responding to her call daily with the Rosary and attending Daily Mass, nourished by her Divine Son present body and blood, soul and Divinity in the Blessed Sacrament. It is in the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary where she remains in the background in the liturgy of the Word so that her Divine Son's words and His Presence take the spotlight as He should while Mary remains the chief intercessor before the Holy Trinity as she should and serves as the ideal for all Catholics to strive for, as we should. The Dictionary of Mary states quite succinctly, "Through these liturgical acts, (honoring Mary on Saturday) Christians exalt the person of Mary in the action that renews the sacrifice of Christ and in the action that prolongs His prayer."

    SUNDAY, January 30, 2000

        First Reading: Deuteronomy 18: 15-20
        Psalms: Psalm 95:1-2, 6-9
        Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 7: 32-35
        Gospel Reading: Mark 1: 21-28

    Monday, January 31, 2000

      Monday January 31:
      Feast of Saint John Bosco, Priest, Visionary, Educator and Religious Founder

      White vestments

        First Reading: 2 Samuel 15: 13-14, 30; 16: 5-13
        Psalms: Psalm 3: 2-7
        Gospel Reading: Mark 5: 1-20

    Saint John Bosco, Mystical and Charismatic Priest, Religious Educator and Founder

            Born on the feast of the Assumption just outside Turin, Italy in 1815, Saint John Bosco or Dom Bosco grew to become the "Apostle of the youth." By showing love and care for the young, he was able to shape thousands of lives. Raised by a very pious mother, John, in his own youth, had a dream vision of boys cursing, fighting, punching and cajoling others to do the same. In this dream he was told to show these youths the evils of sin and the beauty of virtue. Our Blessed Mother appeared to him, placing her hands on John. This was a sign he was to be a priest. He paid his own way through school and the seminary, working as a baker, a tailor, a farmer, shoemaker and carpenter. Ordained in 1841, his grandiose dreams to help the young seemed to take a detour when he was assigned to the ghettos of Turin. Undaunted, he worked tirelessly using the talents he had acquired moonlighting throughout his seminary training. Those talents paid off in recruiting a number of priests which led to forming the Religious Society of Salesians, thus named for their patron Saint Francis de Sales whose feast we celebrated a week ago. It was not easy for John. His life was threatened often, but his faith in God pulled his new Order and this dedicated saint through the rough times. In 1859 Pope Pius IX gave general approval for the Salesians. His fame as an educator spread across the continent and over the seas to America. John Bosco became on of the greatest pioneers of modern vocational education. He was totally devoted to the Pope and demanded the same of his brother priests and the youth they taught. When he died on January 31, 1888 at the age of 73 in Turin he he was responsible for over 800 Salesian priests with over sixty Salesian foundations established as well as the Daughters of Our Lady, Help of Christians which he founded in 1872 in order to provide for the poor and neglected young girls. On Easter Sunday in 1934 Pope Pius XI canonized this crusader of vocations.

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    For the Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time:

        "And they entered Capharnaum. And immediately on the Sabbath He went into the synagogue and began to teach them. And they were astonished at His teaching; for He was teaching them as one having authority, and not as the Scribes."

    Mark 1: 21-22

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    Movie fare continues weak line-up

       To our surprise the mediocre film "Next Friday" beat out Denzel Washington's new vehicle "The Hurricane" which has much more substance. This is only evidence of the fickle movie goers and how mediocre the film fare is this time of year. Because we promised to carry this feature, you get the bad with the good and this week there is little good in the top ten other than "Stuart Little," "The Green Mile" and "Galaxy Quest" for laughs. If it holds any interest for you, For the Top Ten reviews for the 3rd week of the third millennium, prepared by the NCCB, see MOVIES AND MORALS


  • 1.   NEXT FRIDAY
      (New Line)$8 million in last week:/   $31.8 million in two weeks
          Because of sexual situations, intermittent violence, recurring recreational drug use, bathroom humor and much rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-IV -- adults, with reservations. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R - restricted. "Next Friday" is an unfunny sequel to the juvenile 1995 "Friday" in which central character Ice Cube moves to his uncle's home in the Los Angeles suburbs trying to escape a bully only to find trouble with his uncle's Chicano neighbors. The characters become caricatures as the cast squeezes out nothing but cheap laughs from the thin material.

  • 2.   DOWN TO YOU
      (Miramax)$7.6 million in one week
          Because of implied affairs, sexual references and an instance of rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III - adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13 - parents are strongly cautioned that some material may be inappropriate for children under 13. "Down to You" is a romantic comedy about college sweethearts (played by Freddie Prinze Jr. and Julia Stiles) who become serious when the are too young to cope with the work involved in making a relationship last. The cookie-cutter film romanticizes the thrill of first love then wraps up all the loose ends too predictably.

      (Universal)$6.5 million last week:/$22.9 million in four weeks
          Because of brief violence, fleeting rear nudity, some profanity and recurring rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "The Hurricane" is a powerful fact-based account of the 20-year struggle of boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (played by Denzel Washington) to regain his freedom, aided by an African-American teen (played by Vicellous Reon Shannon) and his Canadian guardians, after Carter was wrongly convicted of a 1966 New Jersey barroom triple murder. An a study of institutionalized racism, the movie chronicles a man's personal agony and triumph as he spiritually transcends his confines while helped by those committed to social justice.

      (Sony)$6.4 million last week:/   $117.1 million in six weeks
          Because of scenes of menace and a few cuss words, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-II -- adults and adolescents.. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG -- parental guidance suggested. "Stuart Little" is a fetching live-action fantasy in which a talking white mouse (voice of Michael J. Fox) is happily adopted as the younger son in a human family (in which Geena Davis plays the mom) only to be targeted as a meal by mean neighborhood alleycats. As loosely adapted from E. B. White's 1945 classic, the cheery tale has ample visual appeal, though purists may find the neatly happy ending a cop-out to the author's more probing tale of self-discovery.

      (Warner Brothers)$5.4 million last week/   $109.6 million in seven weeks:
          Because of some violence including an horrific electrocution, occasional profanity and intermittent rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "The Green Mile" is a prison drama set in 1935 Louisana where death-row head guard Tom Hanks comes to believe in the innocence of a huge, gentle black man played superbly by Michael Clarke Duncan whose miraculous healing powers affect those around him in startling ways. Adapted from the serialized 1996 Stephen King novel, the movie is unduly long but presents affecting character studies of good and evil men with spiritual undertones and a sobering depiction of capital punishment.

      (DreamWorks)$4.5 million last week/   $54.3 million in five weeks:
          It's hard to believe this humorous film has been out for over a month and still no available review from the NCCB on this film as of yet, but it has received favorable reviews and is rated PG so it can't be all bad. Actually is quite funny with Tim Allen as a mock William Shatner from "Star Trek" fame.

      (Columbia)$4.3 million last week:/   $16.2 million in five weeks:
          Because of a suicide, implied sexual encounters, crude references, occasional profanity and much rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-III -- adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. In "Girl, Interrupted" a half-hearted suicide attempt lands a spoiled teen (played by Winona Ryder) in a late 1960's private asylum where living with the more seriously disturbed, especially a charismatic sociopath (played by Angelina Jolie), allows her to gain some insight into her own problems. Although unevenly adapted from an ex-mental patient's memoir, the movie is basically engrossing in spite of some melodramatics and sketchy characterizations.

      (Paramount)$3.7 million last week/   $68.2 million in five weeks:
          Because of occasional gory violence, and implied affair, discreet homosexual innuendo, fleeting full nudity and a few instances of rough language, the U.S. Catholic Conference classification is A-IV -- adults, with reservations. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is R -- restricted. "The Talented Mr. Ripley" is a disquieting melodrama set in 1958 Italy where, after befriending a rich expatriate couple (played by Jude Law and Gwyneth Paltrow), an impoverished young American assumes his identity and stops at nothing to keep the risky charade going. Adapted from Patricia Highsmith's 1955 novel, a chilling cautionary tale of materialism expanding to grotesque evil unfolds replete with seductive visuals and sleek performances -- but an ambiguous ending.

    See Section Three

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    January 28-30, 2000     volume 11, no. 20
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