February 18-20, 2000
volume 11, no. 35
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449 A.D. Death of Saint Flavian of Constantinople, Patriarch of Constantinople who excommunicated the heretic Eutyches for teaching the false doctrine that Christ was only Divine. Pope Saint Leo the Great backed Flavian's actions with a special "Tome of Leo" to the saint confirming the dogma of Jesus being born with both a human and divine nature. Though Flavian was deposed at the Council of Ephesus by Eastern sympathizers to Eutyches. The Byzantine Emperor Theodosius and his hand-picked new Patriarch Dioscorus manipulated the Council, having Flavian tortured and beaten of which he never recovered. Dioscorus was appointed Patriarch until two years after Flavian's death when, at the Council of Chalcedon Flavian was declared a saint and martyr and Dioscorus deposed.
632 A.D. Death of Saint Helladius, Archbishop of Toledo who converted late in life after serving as minister in the courts of the Visigoth monarchs.
814 A.D. Death of Saint Angilbert, Abbot of Centula who had been brought up by Saint Alcuinin the great Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne's court and courted his daughter Bertha. Rather than marriage, both vowed themselves to the Lord, she to a convent and he as a Benedictine monk where became Charlemagne's personal confessor as well as his special diplomat and executor of Charlemagne's last will and testament.
999 A.D. Death of Pope Gregory V, 138th successor of Peter. Born in Saxony, he was elected on May 3, 996. During his three-year pontificate he was forced to flee to Pavia and the antipope John XVII was nominated by the Italian patrician Crescentius. John ruled Rome only a year until Gregory returned triumphantly. He instituted the commemoration of the dead and translated to the church of Santa Maria Nuova in Rome the body of the Martyr Saint Lucy.
1564 A.D. Death of Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian master sculptor and painter whose arthritis caused him to give up his life's work in his later years. The man who painted the Sistine Chapel, sculpted the Pieta and the statue of David, among countless other priceless works of art, died at the age of 88.
1587 A.D. Death of Mary Stuart, Catholic Queen of Scots who was beheaded at the order of her half sister Elizabeth who usurped the crown of England rightfully belonging to Mary and turned against Catholicism in the same manner her father Henry VIII had.
509 A.D. Death of the Palestinian Martyrs who were slaughtered by Persian Saracens who were on a mission to destroy anything or anyone who represented the Roman empire or Christianity. Unfortunately for these hermits in Palestine they were rooted out and swords thrust into them as they died for Christ.
607 A.D. Election of Pope Boniface III, 66th successor of Peter. Born in Rome, his pontificate would last less than a year. During this short time he would forbid arrangements for the election of the new Pope until three days had passed after the death of a pontiff. Today that has been extended to nine days - novendiali". He would also decree that the only universal bishop was that of Rome, ergo - the Pope, a decision that would further strengthen the authority of the Sovereign Pontiff as head of the Church.
682 A.D. Death of Saint Barbatus, Bishop of Benevento who was instrumental in eliminating idolatry and the belief in superstitions from not only his Diocese but much of Lombardy. He also was of great assistance to Pope Saint Agatho, 79th successor of Peter in helping organize the Sixth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople in 680. Shortly after that he passed on to his Heavenly reward at the age of 70.
1352 A.D. Death of Saint Conrad, Franciscan hermit of Piacenza who was renowned for both his humility and miracles both during his death and after when many reported cures after visiting his grave. In early life he had been a hellion, but his conscience got the best of him and he came clean, giving it all up to join the Franciscan Order started by Saint Francis of Assisi four decades earlier as well as convincing his wife to join the Poor Clares. The couple surrendered all their personal belongings and gave the rest of their lives to God.
743 A.D. Death of Saint Eucherius, Benedictine Bishop of Orleans who felt unworthy of being elevated to the episcopacy but when the people clamored for his election he relented. Throughout his bishopric he was a constant thorn in the side of French sovereign Charles Martel because of his policies, lifestyle and gutting of Church property and treasures. The former had him exiled hoping that would silence him but the people and monks rallied behind this humble man, giving him sanctuary in a monastery in Cologne. When Martel moved to have him exiled further, he was befriended by the governor who permitted Eucherius to retire in peace in a monastery near the Netherlands far enough away from Martel's influence.
1431 A.D. Death of Pope Martin V, 206th successor of Peter who was the first after the end of the Great Schism of the West. He was elected on November 21, 1417 and his fourteen year pontificate was highlighted by the beginning of the Renaissance. Martin was the first Pope to open a "Holy Door" at St. John Lateran Basilica.
February 18-20, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 35
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