FRI-SAT-SUN     February 18-20, 2000    vol. 11, no. 35    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • Events that happened this weekend in Church History
  • Weekend LITURGY
  • Daily WORD
  • Be an angel! Help the DailyCATHOLIC reach even more souls worldwide in fulfillment of Mark 16: 15

    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant

  • Artists from all over world gather at Vatican for Jubilee celebration
  • One artist noticeably missing as Vatican paper pays tribute to Charles Schulz

  • Events that happened this Weekend in Church History

        On Friday 436 years ago in 1564 the great Renaissance master Michelangelo Buonarotti, famous for his Pieta marble sculpture residing inside St. Peter's, his statue of David in Florence, the magnificent Sistine Chapel ceiling, and countless other priceless works of art, passed away at the old age of 88. His influence has been tremendous over the centuries and yet no one before him or since has been able to express the beauty of God's creation than this moody Italian artist, who had his share of run-ins with Popes who expected miracles from this man whose work truly transcended the Heavens. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 18:

    • 107 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Simeon , believed to be first cousin of Jesus and nephew of St. Joseph who became one of the first bishops. Some historians believe he was given a heavenly warning of the impending destruction of Jerusalem in 66 AD and gathered a group of faithful and fled the city, setting a safe distance away until returning to Jerusalem to rebuild it. Though many times he nearly met his martyrdom, it wasn't until 107 when, under the persecution of Emperor Trajan that he was scourged and crucified like his relative Christ had been 74 years before.

    • 449 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Flavian of Constantinople, Patriarch of Constantinople who excommunicated the heretic Eutyches for teaching the false doctrine that Christ was only Divine. Pope Saint Leo the Great backed Flavian's actions with a special "Tome of Leo" to the saint confirming the dogma of Jesus being born with both a human and divine nature. Though Flavian was deposed at the Council of Ephesus by Eastern sympathizers to Eutyches. The Byzantine Emperor Theodosius and his hand-picked new Patriarch Dioscorus manipulated the Council, having Flavian tortured and beaten of which he never recovered. Dioscorus was appointed Patriarch until two years after Flavian's death when, at the Council of Chalcedon Flavian was declared a saint and martyr and Dioscorus deposed.

    • 632 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Helladius, Archbishop of Toledo who converted late in life after serving as minister in the courts of the Visigoth monarchs.

    • 814 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Angilbert, Abbot of Centula who had been brought up by Saint Alcuinin the great Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne's court and courted his daughter Bertha. Rather than marriage, both vowed themselves to the Lord, she to a convent and he as a Benedictine monk where became Charlemagne's personal confessor as well as his special diplomat and executor of Charlemagne's last will and testament.

    • 999 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Gregory V, 138th successor of Peter. Born in Saxony, he was elected on May 3, 996. During his three-year pontificate he was forced to flee to Pavia and the antipope John XVII was nominated by the Italian patrician Crescentius. John ruled Rome only a year until Gregory returned triumphantly. He instituted the commemoration of the dead and translated to the church of Santa Maria Nuova in Rome the body of the Martyr Saint Lucy.

    • 1564 A.D.
    • Death of Michelangelo Buonarroti, Italian master sculptor and painter whose arthritis caused him to give up his life's work in his later years. The man who painted the Sistine Chapel, sculpted the Pieta and the statue of David, among countless other priceless works of art, died at the age of 88.

    • 1587 A.D.
    • Death of Mary Stuart, Catholic Queen of Scots who was beheaded at the order of her half sister Elizabeth who usurped the crown of England rightfully belonging to Mary and turned against Catholicism in the same manner her father Henry VIII had.

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 19:

    • 452 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Odran, who, as the chariot/horse driver for Saint Patrick throughout Ireland. He is considered a martyr because when he learned of a plot by some pagan tribesmen to ambush the Irish bishop, he masqueraded as Patrick to save him, and rode into the gauntlet of certain death in order to give Patrick time to escape.

    • 509 A.D.
    • Death of the Palestinian Martyrs who were slaughtered by Persian Saracens who were on a mission to destroy anything or anyone who represented the Roman empire or Christianity. Unfortunately for these hermits in Palestine they were rooted out and swords thrust into them as they died for Christ.

    • 607 A.D.
    • Election of Pope Boniface III, 66th successor of Peter. Born in Rome, his pontificate would last less than a year. During this short time he would forbid arrangements for the election of the new Pope until three days had passed after the death of a pontiff. Today that has been extended to nine days - novendiali". He would also decree that the only universal bishop was that of Rome, ergo - the Pope, a decision that would further strengthen the authority of the Sovereign Pontiff as head of the Church.

    • 682 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Barbatus, Bishop of Benevento who was instrumental in eliminating idolatry and the belief in superstitions from not only his Diocese but much of Lombardy. He also was of great assistance to Pope Saint Agatho, 79th successor of Peter in helping organize the Sixth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople in 680. Shortly after that he passed on to his Heavenly reward at the age of 70.

    • 1352 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Conrad, Franciscan hermit of Piacenza who was renowned for both his humility and miracles both during his death and after when many reported cures after visiting his grave. In early life he had been a hellion, but his conscience got the best of him and he came clean, giving it all up to join the Franciscan Order started by Saint Francis of Assisi four decades earlier as well as convincing his wife to join the Poor Clares. The couple surrendered all their personal belongings and gave the rest of their lives to God.

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 20:

    • 302 A.D.
    • Death of the Martyrs of Tyre , also part of the contingent of Palestinians, not to be confused with the Palestinian martyrs who would die seven years later or the Phoenician martyrs a year after that. Legend has it that these Egyptian Christians living in Palestine were rounded up and when they refused to offer up sacrifices to false idols, were made sport of by unleashing wild beasts on them.

    • 743 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Eucherius, Benedictine Bishop of Orleans who felt unworthy of being elevated to the episcopacy but when the people clamored for his election he relented. Throughout his bishopric he was a constant thorn in the side of French sovereign Charles Martel because of his policies, lifestyle and gutting of Church property and treasures. The former had him exiled hoping that would silence him but the people and monks rallied behind this humble man, giving him sanctuary in a monastery in Cologne. When Martel moved to have him exiled further, he was befriended by the governor who permitted Eucherius to retire in peace in a monastery near the Netherlands far enough away from Martel's influence.

    • 1431 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Martin V, 206th successor of Peter who was the first after the end of the Great Schism of the West. He was elected on November 21, 1417 and his fourteen year pontificate was highlighted by the beginning of the Renaissance. Martin was the first Pope to open a "Holy Door" at St. John Lateran Basilica.

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    Embracing the etimology of kindness

        They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

    "The word 'kindness' is derived from kindred or kin, and therefore implies an affection which we bear naturally to those who are our flesh and blood. The original and archetypal kindness is that of a parent for a child and a child for a parent, an idea which is preserved in the German language where Kind means 'child.' Gradually the word gained in extension until it embraced anyone whom we are to treat as a relative. Unkindness is therefore unnaturalness."

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        This weekend we observe Ordinary Time plus the Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday and the SEVENTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and vignette on Saturday's feast, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Friday, February 18, 2000

        First Reading: James 2: 14-24, 26
        Responsorial: Psalm 112: 1-6
        Gospel Reading: Mark 8: 34-39; 9: 1

    Saturday, February 19, 2000

      Saturday February 19:
      Sixth Saturday in Ordinary Time and
      Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

      Green or White vestments

        First Reading: James 3: 1-10
        Responsorial: Psalm 12: 2-5, 7-8
        Gospel Reading: Mark 9: 2-13

    Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

          Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary is a custom first promoted by the Benedictine Monk Saint Alcuin back in the days of Charlemagne. He composed different formulas for Votive Masses for each day of the week, with two set aside to honor Our Lady on Saturday. This practice caught on with great enthusiasm and eventually the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday became the Common of the Blessed Virgin. This Mass was a favorite with retired priests and those whose sight was failing for most had memorized this Mass and were able to say it by heart without having to read the Lectionary or Sacramentary. One reason Saturday was dedicated to Mary was that Saturday held a special meaning in Mariology. First of all, as Genesis accounts for, God rested on the seventh day. In the Old Testament, the Sabbath was Saturday. Jesus, Son of God rested in the womb and then, when He became incarnate, in the loving arms of Mary from birth until she held His lifeless body at the foot of the Cross. Thus the God-head rested in Mary. It was also on Saturday after Good Friday that Jesus gave His Mother a special gift and reward for keeping her faith in His Divinity intact by making an exceptional appearance to her. Thus, because of these reasons, the devotion spread by St. Alcuin and other liturgies that evolved within the Church, Saturday took on a special Marian significance. Saturday took on even more significance in honoring Mary when Our Lady imparted to visionary Lucia in her third apparition at Fatima on July 13, 1917, "Our Lord wishes that devotion to my Immaculate Heart be established in the world. If what I tell you is done, many souls will be saved and there will be peace; the war will end...I ask the consecration of the world to my Immaculate Heart and Communion of reparation on the First Saturday of each month...If my requests are granted, Russia will be converted and there will be peace...In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph, and an era of peace will be conceded to humanity." As we draw nearer to that wonderful event, it is more important than ever to honor Mary's request on the First Saturday as well as each Saturday that her feast is commemorated in the Church calendar, not to mention responding to her call daily with the Rosary and attending Daily Mass, nourished by her Divine Son present body and blood, soul and Divinity in the Blessed Sacrament. It is in the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary where she remains in the background in the liturgy of the Word so that her Divine Son's words and His Presence take the spotlight as He should while Mary remains the chief intercessor before the Holy Trinity as she should and serves as the ideal for all Catholics to strive for, as we should. The Dictionary of Mary states quite succinctly, "Through these liturgical acts, (honoring Mary on Saturday) Christians exalt the person of Mary in the action that renews the sacrifice of Christ and in the action that prolongs His prayer."

    Sunday, February 20, 2000

        First Reading: Isaiah 43: 18-19, 21-22, 24-25
        Responsorial: Psalm 41: 2-5, 13-14
        Second Reading: 2 Corinthians 1: 18-22
        Gospel Reading: Mark 2: 1-12

    Monday, February 21, 2000

      Monday February 21:
      Seventh Monday in Ordinary Time and
      Feast of Saint Peter Damian, Bishop and Doctor of the Church

      Green or white vestments

        First Reading: James 3: 13-18
        Responsorial: Psalm 19: 8-10, 15
        Gospel Reading: Mark 9: 14-29

    Saint Peter Damian, Bishop and Doctor

          Born in Ravenna, Italy at the turn of the second millennium, Saint Peter Damian became an orphan at a very early age and was cared for by his brother for whom Peter tended pigs. One of Peter's older brothers was a priest - Padre Damian and when Peter was older the priest sent him to Faenza and then to Parma to receive his education. Peter adopted his older brother's religious name as his surname. After Peter became a professor, he followed the promptings of the Holy Spirit which lead him to join the Benedictines at the monastery of Fonte Aveliana where he lived as a hermit, devoting his life to an intensive study of the Scriptures. At the age of 42 he was chosen prior and subsequently founded five more Benedictine hermitages. His fame for great austerity and denunciation of simony spread throughout Europe and he was consecrated a Cardinal as Bishop of Ostia by Pope Stephen IX in 1057. However, because of his disdain for worldliness and his uncompromising stance against the trappings of the bishopric, he tried to resign his see but Stephen's successor Pope Nicholas II wouldn't accept it. When Nicholas died Peter entreated the new pontiff Pope Alexander II to accept his resignation which was duly recognized and Peter returned to being a Benedictine monk, but he never stopped working on ecclesiastical reform. He especially defended Alexander against the antipope Honorius II and became known far and wide as a great reformer and peacemaker, including being sent by the Pope to Germany to talk the German King Henry IV out of divorcing his wife Bertha. Peter was a prolific writer and penned many mystical writings on the Eucharist and Purgatory as well as producing writings which hold today in regards the explanation of clerical celibacy, immorality, and simony. He died in Faenza, Italy in 1072 at the age of 71 enroute back from Ravenna after having reconciled that see with Rome. It was not until the nineteenth century that he was canonized though he was popularized by local cults including being immortalized in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries by Italian poet Dante in his work Divine Comedy. In 1828 Pope Leo XII officially recognized Peter as a saint of the Church and proclaimed him a Doctor, extending his feast to the Universal Church on February 21st each year.

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    For the Seventh Sunday in Ordinary Time:

        "Why are you arguing these things in your hearts? Which is easier, to say to the parlytic, 'Thy sins are forgiven thee,' or to say, 'Arise, and take up thy pallet, and walk'? But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins."

    Mark 2: 8-10

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    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant

      Creative practitioners flock into Rome for Jubilee of Artists

          Coming from all over the world, professing professions from fashion designer to painter to fine artist to musician to characaturist to actors, thousands of creative souls descended on Rome for Friday's special Jubilee for Artists where they are attending special events commemorating artists, highlighted by a Papal Mass and an address by His Holiness John Paul II, a bit of an artist himself. continued inside


        VATICAN ( -- Between 3,000 and 4,000 artists are expected to participate in a special Jubilee observance at the Vatican on February 18. Bishop Francesco Marchisano, the chief organizer of the artists' jubilee, regards that figure as "more than satisfactory."

        Architects, painters, sculptors, and musicians are expected to arrive in Rome for the event. But the Jubilee organizers have also extended their invitation to practitioners of the practical arts, and to those who work in the field of fashion and style. The Jubilee will provide a time for reflection on the vocation of the artist, Bishop Marchisano said.

        The bishop pointed out to reporters that the Catholic Church has been a leading patron of the arts for centuries. However, he said, the movement toward modern art has produced a failure of understanding between artists and the Church. Bishop Marchisano suggested that one outcome of the Jubilee could be the formation of "strategies for rapprochement" between the world of art and the world of faith.

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      "Sparky's" contributions to society causes a spark of tribute from L'Osservatore Romano - first time ever the Vatican publication has carried a comic strip

         One artist who will not be at the Jubilee for Artists physically, but surely in spirit is Charles Schulz, the esteemed and lovable creator of "Peanuts" - for fifty years a staple in bringing smiles to millions of people the world over. His ideas and drawings epitomized humanity's struggles with morals in a way that all could relate with. He died in Santa Rosa, California last Sunday and tributes have been pouring in from all over the world, the latest from L'Osservatore Romano who credited the St. Paul native nicknamed "Sparky" with revolutionizing the world of comics with his ideas and drawings, thus "elevating it to the level of art and of expression of thought" that brought smiles and a feel-good mentality to all. continued inside.

    Papal Newspaper Pays Posthumous Tribute to Charles M. Schulz

        VATICAN CITY, FEB 17 (ZENIT).- Charles M. Schulz's comic strips were "a lesson in style" for movie and television writers, according to the semi-official Vatican newspaper. Yesterday, L'Osservatore Romano paid moving homage to "Peanuts" author Charles M. Schulz, who died on Sunday.

        "The Pencil that Made a Good Part of Humanity Smile Daily has Broken," was the headline of an article published in the papal newspaper. Accompanying the article were illustrations of Charlie Brown, Lucy, and Snoopy. This was the first time cartoons have appeared in the Vatican newspaper.

        "It has been said that Schulz revolutionized the world of comics. He was an innovator who had two merits: he made the comic popular, allowing everyone -- from the common people to professors, to realize the communicative possibilities of this language and he ennobled it, elevating it to the level of art and of expression of thought," Domenico Volpi states in his article.

        L'Osservatore Romano points out that Charlie Brown's creator achieved success "without taking recourse to vulgarity"; in this way, he has given "a lesson of moral cleanliness to young cartoonists and short story writers: psychology and romanticism can create situations that make one smile."

        This is "a lesson in style that should make movie and television authors reflect, who look too avidly for an easy laugh, perhaps because they do not know anything else."

        In the article published Tuesday in the Italian Catholic newspaper "Avvenire," reference wass made to the Biblical allusions that appear in the farewell letter that Schulz wrote to his readers. It also refers to the fact that this genius of comedy of our century was a fervent Christian of the Church of God, a Lutheran-Evangelical congregation in which he had been a Sunday school teacher.

        Schulz himself gave his approval to the trilogy dedicated to the theology of "Peanuts" written by U.S. expert Robert L. Short. Those books present Charlie Brown's and his friends' ups and downs as a clear example of harmony between art and faith.

        Schulz addressed, in a very special way, one the most incomprehensible mysteries for the person with no faith: the suffering and illness of children. This problem has been treated by great names in Christian literature, such as Dostoievsky in "The Idiot," when he asks: "Why do children die?" In the redeemed world described by Schulz, to which he dedicated an essay, hope conquers all, and little Janice, the girl with leukemia that introverted Linus falls in love with, is cured. In the last strip, the cap that covered the baldness caused by chemotherapy falls to the ground, and her magnificent blond hair grows again.

        "This 'discarded cap' reminds us of the shroud that the women found in the sepulcher on Easter morning. A symbol of resurrection, presented discreetly and subtly, as Schulz was accustomed to do," the "Avvenire" article concludes. ZE00021604


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    February 18, 2000     volume 11, no. 35
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