February 11-13, 2000
volume 11, no. 30
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350 A.D. Death of Saint Lucius, Bishop of Adrianople who, despite persecution, stood fast against the Arian bishops even though he was condemned at Sardica. But he remained loyal to Our Lord and His Vicar on earth Pope Saint Julius I. He was executed along with his companions by the Arian emperor Constantius.
507 A.D. Death of Saint Severinus, a renowned abbot from Burgundy who traveled from his abbey of Saint Maurice in Agaunum in Switzerland to pray over the monarch of the Franks, King Clovis and heal him of the fever caused by a plague.
670 A.D. Death of Saint Caedmon, who, though he could not sing, converted the Scriptures and Psalms from Latin and Greek into beautiful melodies in the English language as a lay-brother in the Whitby Abbey of Ireland. He is considered the "Father of English Sacred Poetry."
731 A.D. Death of Pope Saint Gregory II, 89th successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted 16 years in which , in answer to the edict of Constantinople at forbade the cult of images and the destruction of sacred objects, he rallied the Italian provinces against the army of Leo III and the iconoclastic sect was rejected by all of Italy and strengthened Rome's stance against iconoclasm.
821 A.D. Death of Saint Benedict of Ariane, a soldier who had served as cup-bearer to Charlemagne and Pipin, forsook his military career for a life as a Benedictine monk. A very learned man, he wrote and promoted many of the monastic regulations that still exist today and is considered the "Father of the Restoration of Western Monasticism." Some even call him the "Second Benedict."
867 A.D. Death of Saint Theodora, Empress of Constantinople and wife of Theophilus the uncompromising emperor who pushed iconoclasm. She could see the error of his ways and, after the death of her husband, did all in her power to convince her son Michael to disavow iconoclasm and restore the sacred icons. With the help of Saint John Damascene Theodora declared the feast of Orthodoxy in 842, thus ending iconoclasm. She died on this date as a religious in a convent, making amends for the wrongs the royal court had made over the years.
1535 A.D. Birth of Cardinal Niccolo Sfondrati in Somma, outside Milan, Italy. He would go on to become a priest and lawyer and play a significant role in enforcing the reform decrees of Trent. He would not only form a close friendship with Saint Charles Borromeo but also be elected on December 5, 1590 as the 229th successor of Peter, becoming Pope Gregory XIV.
1858 A.D. The Mother of God first appears to Saint Bernadette of Soubirous on this date at the Grotto in Lourdes on the River Gave. For more, see DAILY LITURGY
1906 A.D. Pope Saint Pius X issues his sixth encyclical Vehementer Nos on the French Law of Separation.
901 A.D. Death of Saint Antony Kauleas, Patriarch of Constantinople who presided over the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople which condemned Photius. He was also an abbot prior to being appointed Patriarch. He tried to reunite the East and the West.
1049 A.D. The election of Pope Saint Leo IX, 152nd successor of Peter who would rule the Church for eight years. He would be freely elected by the clergy and people of Rome and would enter bare-foot as a sign of humility. It would be Leo who would have no choice but to excommunicate Eastern emperor Michael Cerularius, the man held responsible for the schism of the Greek Church from the Latin Church which still exists today.
259 A.D. Death of Saint Polyeuctus, martyr of Melitene who laid down his weapons and despite the fact he was wealthy, gave it all to the poor and converted to Christianity. His officers ordered him to return and renounce Christianity, but when he wouldn't they tortured him along with intimidating his family. Despite these tactics, Polyeuctus remained loyal to Christ and for this he was beheaded. Even after his head was severed the countenance of joy and peace on his face shocked his executioners and encouraged the faithful who witnessed it, including his family.
512 A.D. Death of Saint Stephen of Lyons, Bishop of Lyons who played a major role in the conversion of the Arian Burgundians.
550 A.D. Death of Saint Domnoc O'Neil, an Irish monk who had an affinity to insects much in the same manner as Saint Francis of Assisi had to animals. The story is told that a humongous swarm of bees were always around him and never harmed him even though those around him were always in fear. In fact, he brought the bees back to Ireland from Wales after they buzzed him constantly, refusing to let him leave without them. Despite this, Saint Ambrose is considered the Patron Saint of Beekeepers, not Domnoc even though the church where he is buried near Bremore in County Dublin is called "the Church of the Beekeeper."
1130 A.D. Death of Pope Honorius II, 163rd successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted 6 years. He renewed friendly relations with nearly all the European courts in view of the fight against the Saracens. During his papacy the famous factions of the Guelphs (for the Pope) and the Ghibellines (for the Emperor) came into being.
1663 A.D. Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome to be tried by the Roman Inquisition for his beliefs in the science that the earth revolves around the sun. The Inquisition, fearing the spread of rationalism, would condemn Galileo's theories which would remain that way for centuries until proof was submitted that he was right and he was exonerated.
February 11, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 30
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