FRI-SAT-SUN     February 11-13, 2000    vol. 11, no. 30    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • COLLEGE OF CARDINALS collection: Cardinal Paul Zoungrana
  • Events that this weekend in Church History
  • Weekend LITURGY
  • Daily WORD
  • Medjugorje Monthly Message
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  • The Archbishop-emeritus of Ouagadougou Cardinal Paul Zoungrana was the first cardinal from Burkino-Faso

        We conclude this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church this weekend with our one-hundred-fifty-seventh red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order. He is Cardinal Paul Zoungrana the 82 year-old White Father priest and former Archbishop of Ouagadougou, the capital of the African republic of Burkino-Faso, formerly Upper Volta. After serving as shepherd there for 35 years he resigned on June 10, 1995. He was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope Paul VI during his first Consistory of February 22, 1965. For more on Cardinal Zoungrana, see COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION

    157.   Cardinal Paul Zoungrana

          Cardinal Paul Zoungrana, the 82 year-old Archbishop-emeritus of Ouagadougo in Burkina-Faso, Africa was born in the same city when the country was called Upper Volta on September 3, 1917. He was fortunate to have the excellent Catholic education of the White Sisters, a missionary teaching order that inspired a vocation, prompting him to enter the Minor Seminary of Pabre in 1925, then transfer to the first minor seminary in the country opened in 1926 and ten years later transfered to Koumi to finish up his studies, becoming one of the first trio of priests ordained from his country on May 2, 1942. Although a diocesan priest, the influence of the White Sisters caused him to request entrance to the Novitiate of the White Fathers in Algeria and he joined the missionary Order on September 24, 1948. He took his final vows in 1952 in Rome while he was matriculating at the Gregorian University studying Canon Law. This helped him two years later when his superiors assigned him to the faculty of Koumi Seminary, a position he held until April 5, 1960 when Pope John XXIII made him the second Archbishop of Ouagadougou, the country's capital between the Red Volta and White Volta rivers. He was ordained and installed as the second archbishop of this city on May 8, 1960 in St. Peter's Basilica by the Pope himself.

          Five years later John's successor Pope Paul VI named him in his first Consistory of February 22, 1965 bestowing on him the red-hat and the titular church of St. Camillus de Lellis. He thus became the first cardinal ever from Burkina-Faso. He was also deeded curial membership in the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life and the Pontifical Council for Health Care Workers.

          After thirty-five years as Archbishop of Ouagadougou, he resigned his post on June 10, 1995 as he was nearing 78 years of age. He retired in his home city of Ouagadougou residing at Archeveche 01 B.P. 1472, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina-Faso. His country was first evangelized by the White Fathers in 1900 and 1901 with the White Sisters following ten years later. Their presence influenced Cardinal Zoungrana greatly. The missionaries' influence has contributed to the Catholic population growing considerably to over one million or ten percent of the total population which is largely pagan and Muslim.

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    Events that happened this Weekend in Church History

        On Saturday 951 years ago in 1049 Pope Saint Leo IX became the 152nd successor of Peter. Though he was the man who enlisted the saintly monk Hildebrand who would not only go on to counsel several Popes, but also become Pope Saint Gregory VII, he will always be remembered for excommunicating the Eastern Patriarch Michael Cerularius who was responsible for the Great Schism of the Greek Church from the Latin Church. Leo's holiness was evident from the beginning for he entered Rome barefoot as a pilgrim to signify his great humility as the "Servant of the servants." For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 11:

    • 304 A.D.
    • Death of the Guardians of the Holy Word, African martyrs who were martyred during the reign of Diocletian because they refused to burn numerous Scripture scrolls they had accrued over time, hence the name "Guardians of Sacred Scripture." Leading this group was Saint Saturninus along with 49 others, including women and children who willfully gave their life for Christ. and Saint Julian, Caesarean Christians in Palestine who were crucified after being discovered visiting prisons where many Christians had been incarcerated.

    • 350 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Lucius, Bishop of Adrianople who, despite persecution, stood fast against the Arian bishops even though he was condemned at Sardica. But he remained loyal to Our Lord and His Vicar on earth Pope Saint Julius I. He was executed along with his companions by the Arian emperor Constantius.

    • 507 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Severinus, a renowned abbot from Burgundy who traveled from his abbey of Saint Maurice in Agaunum in Switzerland to pray over the monarch of the Franks, King Clovis and heal him of the fever caused by a plague.

    • 670 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Caedmon, who, though he could not sing, converted the Scriptures and Psalms from Latin and Greek into beautiful melodies in the English language as a lay-brother in the Whitby Abbey of Ireland. He is considered the "Father of English Sacred Poetry."

    • 731 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Saint Gregory II, 89th successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted 16 years in which , in answer to the edict of Constantinople at forbade the cult of images and the destruction of sacred objects, he rallied the Italian provinces against the army of Leo III and the iconoclastic sect was rejected by all of Italy and strengthened Rome's stance against iconoclasm.

    • 821 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Benedict of Ariane, a soldier who had served as cup-bearer to Charlemagne and Pipin, forsook his military career for a life as a Benedictine monk. A very learned man, he wrote and promoted many of the monastic regulations that still exist today and is considered the "Father of the Restoration of Western Monasticism." Some even call him the "Second Benedict."

    • 867 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Theodora, Empress of Constantinople and wife of Theophilus the uncompromising emperor who pushed iconoclasm. She could see the error of his ways and, after the death of her husband, did all in her power to convince her son Michael to disavow iconoclasm and restore the sacred icons. With the help of Saint John Damascene Theodora declared the feast of Orthodoxy in 842, thus ending iconoclasm. She died on this date as a religious in a convent, making amends for the wrongs the royal court had made over the years.

    • 1535 A.D.
    • Birth of Cardinal Niccolo Sfondrati in Somma, outside Milan, Italy. He would go on to become a priest and lawyer and play a significant role in enforcing the reform decrees of Trent. He would not only form a close friendship with Saint Charles Borromeo but also be elected on December 5, 1590 as the 229th successor of Peter, becoming Pope Gregory XIV.

    • 1858 A.D.
    • The Mother of God first appears to Saint Bernadette of Soubirous on this date at the Grotto in Lourdes on the River Gave. For more, see DAILY LITURGY

    • 1906 A.D.
    • Pope Saint Pius X issues his sixth encyclical Vehementer Nos on the French Law of Separation.

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 12:

    • 381 A.D.
    • Death of the Saint Melitius of Antioch, Bishop of Sebastea who was forced to flee because of the Arian persecution. During his bishophric he was accused of siding with the Arians for they had elected him Archbishop of Antioch. But he was exonerated by Pope Damasus through the support of Saint Basil. He was honored at his death by Saint Gregory of Nyssa who delivered his eulogy.

    • 901 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Antony Kauleas, Patriarch of Constantinople who presided over the Fourth Ecumenical Council at Constantinople which condemned Photius. He was also an abbot prior to being appointed Patriarch. He tried to reunite the East and the West.

    • 1049 A.D.
    • The election of Pope Saint Leo IX, 152nd successor of Peter who would rule the Church for eight years. He would be freely elected by the clergy and people of Rome and would enter bare-foot as a sign of humility. It would be Leo who would have no choice but to excommunicate Eastern emperor Michael Cerularius, the man held responsible for the schism of the Greek Church from the Latin Church which still exists today.

    Historical Events in Church Annals for February 13:

    • 250 A.D.
    • Death of the martyrs Saint Fusca and her nurse Saint Maura who both had a sword jammed through their heart during the terrible persecution of the Roman emperor Decius in Ravenna.

    • 259 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Polyeuctus, martyr of Melitene who laid down his weapons and despite the fact he was wealthy, gave it all to the poor and converted to Christianity. His officers ordered him to return and renounce Christianity, but when he wouldn't they tortured him along with intimidating his family. Despite these tactics, Polyeuctus remained loyal to Christ and for this he was beheaded. Even after his head was severed the countenance of joy and peace on his face shocked his executioners and encouraged the faithful who witnessed it, including his family.

    • 512 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Stephen of Lyons, Bishop of Lyons who played a major role in the conversion of the Arian Burgundians.

    • 550 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Domnoc O'Neil, an Irish monk who had an affinity to insects much in the same manner as Saint Francis of Assisi had to animals. The story is told that a humongous swarm of bees were always around him and never harmed him even though those around him were always in fear. In fact, he brought the bees back to Ireland from Wales after they buzzed him constantly, refusing to let him leave without them. Despite this, Saint Ambrose is considered the Patron Saint of Beekeepers, not Domnoc even though the church where he is buried near Bremore in County Dublin is called "the Church of the Beekeeper."

    • 1130 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Honorius II, 163rd successor of Peter, whose pontificate lasted 6 years. He renewed friendly relations with nearly all the European courts in view of the fight against the Saracens. During his papacy the famous factions of the Guelphs (for the Pope) and the Ghibellines (for the Emperor) came into being.

    • 1663 A.D.
    • Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome to be tried by the Roman Inquisition for his beliefs in the science that the earth revolves around the sun. The Inquisition, fearing the spread of rationalism, would condemn Galileo's theories which would remain that way for centuries until proof was submitted that he was right and he was exonerated.

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        This weekend we celebrate the Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes and World Day of Prayer for the Sick on Friday, Ordinary Time on Saturday along with the Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday and the SIXTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and vignettes on these feasts, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Friday, February 11, 2000

      Friday February 11:
      Fifth Friday in Ordinary Time and
      Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes
      World Day of Prayer for the Sick

      White or green vestments

        First Reading: 1 Kings 11: 29-32; 12: 19
        Responsorial: Psalm 106: 3-4, 35-37, 40
        Gospel Reading: Mark 7: 24-30

    Feast of Our Lady of Lourdes
          The Commemoration of Our Lady's first of 18 apparitions at Lourdes, France on February 11, 1858 is pivotal in advancing the Blessed Mother's plans toward the Triumph of her Immaculate Heart which will usher in the glorious Reign of her Divine Son's Sacred Heart. This feast is one of the favorite feasts of Our Lady for it was in her appearances to visionary Saint Bernadette Soubirous at the grotto of Massabielle that signaled the resurgence of Marian devotion to her Immaculate Heart for she confirmed to Bernadette that she was truly the Immaculate Conception. Since that time there have been countless miracles at the healing waters of Lourdes. Probably the most miraculous is the fact that those who bathe there are, in a sense, returning to the font of their baptism to wash away their old sins and put on the pure robe of grace and a new life in God. Lourdes was approved by Pope Leo XIII in 1890 and Pope Saint Pius X made it an official feast in 1908.

    Saturday, February 12, 2000

      Saturday February 12:
      Fifth Saturday in Ordinary Time and
      Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

      Green or White vestments

        First Reading: 1 Kings 12: 26-32; 13: 33-34
        Responsorial: Psalm 106: 6-7, 19-22
        Gospel Reading: Mark 8: 1-10

    Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday
          Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary is a custom first promoted by the Benedictine Monk Saint Alcuin back in the days of Charlemagne (see archives December 23, no. 25 issue, volume 7). He composed different formulas for Votive Masses for each day of the week, with two set aside to honor Our Lady on Saturday. This practice caught on with great enthusiasm and eventually the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday became the Common of the Blessed Virgin. This Mass was a favorite with retired priests and those whose sight was failing for most had memorized this Mass and were able to say it by heart without having to read the Lectionary or Sacramentary. One reason Saturday was dedicated to Mary was that Saturday held a special meaning in Mariology. First of all, as Genesis accounts for, God rested on the seventh day. In the Old Testament, the Sabbath was Saturday. Jesus, Son of God rested in the womb and then, when He became incarnate, in the loving arms of Mary from birth until she held His lifeless body at the foot of the Cross. Thus the God-head rested in Mary. It was also on Saturday after Good Friday that Jesus gave His Mother a special gift and reward for keeping her faith in His Divinity intact by making an exceptional appearance to her. Thus, because of these reasons, the devotion spread by St. Alcuin and other liturgies that evolved within the Church, Saturday took on a special Marian significance. Saturday took on even more significance in honoring Mary when Our Lady imparted to visionary Lucia in her third apparition at Fatima on July 13, 1917, "Our Lord wishes that devotion to my Immaculate Heart be established in the world. If what I tell you is done, many souls will be saved and there will be peace; the war will end...I ask the consecration of the world to my Immaculate Heart and Communion of reparation on the First Saturday of each month...If my requests are granted, Russia will be converted and there will be peace...In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph, and an era of peace will be conceded to humanity." As we draw nearer to that wonderful event, it is more important than ever to honor Mary's request on the First Saturday as well as each Saturday that her feast is commemorated in the Church calendar, not to mention responding to her call daily with the Rosary and attending Daily Mass, nourished by her Divine Son present body and blood, soul and Divinity in the Blessed Sacrament. It is in the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary where she remains in the background in the liturgy of the Word so that her Divine Son's words and His Presence take the spotlight as He should while Mary remains the chief intercessor before the Holy Trinity as she should and serves as the ideal for all Catholics to strive for, as we should. The Dictionary of Mary states quite succinctly, "Through these liturgical acts, (honoring Mary on Saturday) Christians exalt the person of Mary in the action that renews the sacrifice of Christ and in the action that prolongs His prayer."

    Sunday, February 13, 2000

        First Reading: Leviticus 13: 1-2, 44-46
        Responsorial: Psalm 32: 1-2, 5, 11
        Second Reading: 1 Corinthians 10: 31-33; 11: 1 Gospel Reading: Mark 1: 40-45

    Monday, February 14, 2000

      Monday February 14:
      Feast of Saint Cyril, Bishop, and Methodius, Bishop
      Valentines Day

      White vestments

        First Reading: James 1: 1-11
        Responsorial: Psalm 119: 67-68, 71-71, 75-76
        Gospel Reading: Mark 8: 11-13

    Feast of Saints Cyril and Methodius - "Apostles of the Slavs"
          The Apostles to the Slavs - Saints Cyril and Methodius were brothers born in Thessalonica, Greece. Methodius was 12 years older than Cyril but it was Cyril who became a priest first. Shortly after Cyril's ordination, Methodius, who had been governor of a Slav province, became a monk. It was in 862 when the prince of Moravia called for missionaries who could speak the Slavic language to preach to his subjects. Cyril and Methodius were selected and they adapted well, translating Sacred Scripture into the native language and establishing a Slavic alphabet which, to this day, is still called Cyrillic in honor of the saint. Even in those days there were jealousies within the Church and many in the Latin rite criticized the two saints for their method of inculturation. Yet the papacy has always defended these two pillars of the Church from Pope Adrian II to Pope John Paul II who pronounced in his apostolic letter Slavorum Apostoli that the fruits of these two co-patrons of Eastern Europe were an outstanding contribution to the common Christian foundation of Europe. St. Cyril died in Rome on February 14, 869 and his remains are buried below the basilica of St. Clement. St. Methodius survived his brother by 16 years, and drew strength from God in single-handedly fending off the Latin rite opposition, especially the German bishops who were successful in getting Pope John VIII to suspend Methodius' influence and the use of the Slavic language in the Liturgy for a time. However, when Methodius died in 885, his funeral was celebrated in both the Greek and Latin rites as well as the Slavic Liturgy.


    For the Sixth Sunday in Ordinary Time:

        "And Jesus having compassion on him [the leper], stretched forth His hand and touched him, and said to him, 'I will; be thou made clean.' And when He had spoken, immediately the leprosy left him, and he was made clean."

    Mark 1: 41-42

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    Healing takes a good doctor!

        They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Archbishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

    "The vocation of a doctor may have been very much underrated. His ideal is not just to cure a patient of neuralgia or phobias, but also to be at one and the same time an educator, a politician, a man of God, a philosopher and a theologian, not in the sense that he takes over completely any of these functions, but rather that he recognizes that every sick person in the world has, to some extent, a combination of three disorders: physical, psychic and spiritual."

    January 25th Medjugorje Monthly Message

    NOTE: We respectfully recognize and accept the final authority regarding apparitions, locutions and prophecies presently being reported around the world rests with the Holy See of Rome and the Magisterium of Holy Mother Church to whose judjment we humbly and obediently submit.

      "Dear children! I call you, little children, to pray without ceasing. If you pray, you are closer to God and He will lead you on the way of peace and salvation. That is why I call you today to give peace to others. Only in God is there true peace. Open your hearts and become those who give a gift of peace and others will discover peace in you and through you and in this way you will witness God's peace and love which He gives you. Thank you for having responded to my call."

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    February 11-13, 2000     volume 11, no. 30
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