PROPER OF THE SEASON

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FIRST SUNDAY OF LENT

Semi-Double Feast         Purple or Violet Vestments

Editor's Note: All Scriptural Readings are taken from the Douay-Rheims version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. The preface commentaries are a combination of thoughts from various sources. Red type indicates Our Lord's direct words in Holy Scripture. Italicized Maroon type indicates Latin with priests' refrain and server's response in bold..

        The 90th Psalm is the focus of the First Sunday of Lent in which St. Paul and Christ encourage us to fight the good fight, to not fear our enemy for God will be with us. We must say with Our Lord "Begone, satan" and live our lives in grace for this is the time of salvation. Just as Jesus fasted and prayed, so also we need to utilize this time of Lent to do the same to stave off the enemy that prowls after our souls.
        Satan is always present and we are not immune. That is evident in the fact he sought to tempt Christ Himself. The evil one first sought to discover who exactly Jesus was, tempted Our Lord three times. As in the case of Adam, he first of all addressed himself to the senses. The Saviour was hungry and the tempter suggested to Him that He should turn the stones into bread. In the same way he tries to make us give up our fastings and mortifications during these forty days of Lent. This is the lustful desire of the flesh.
        The devil has promised our first father that he would become like unto God: he sets Jesus upon a pinnacle of the temple and invites Him to cast Himself down that He might be borne up by the Angels and so acclaimed by the multitude. He tempts us also by pride, which is opposed to the spirit of prayer and to meditation on the word of God. This is the pride of life.
        Finally, as he had promised to Adam a knowledge which should equal that of God and make him to know all things, Satan assures Jesus that he will give Him dominion over all things if He will fall down at his feet and worship him. The devil in the same way seeks to bind us likewise - "Brethren be sober vigilant, because your adversary the devil goeth about as a roaring lion seeking whom he may devour, whom resist ye steadfast in the faith."
       

READINGS FOR THE FIRST SUNDAY OF LENT

INTROIT:
      He shall call upon Me, and I will hear him; I will deliver him, and glorify him; I will fill him with length, of days. He that dwelteth in the help of the Most High shall abide under the protection of the God of heaven. (Psalm 90: 15-16). Glory be to the Father...He shall call upon Me, .
Kyrie...

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

COLLECT:
      0 God Who dost every year purify Thy Church by the Fast of Forty Days: grant unto this Thy family that what things they strive to obtain at Thy hand by abstinence, they may turn to profit by good works. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end. Amen.

EPISTLE:
      (2 Corinthians 6: 1-10) Brethren: We exhort you that you receive not the grace of God in vain. For He saith: In an acceptable time have I heard, thee, and in the day of salvation have I helped thee. Behold, now is the acceptable time: behold, now is the day of salvation. Giving no offence to any man, that our ministry be not blamed: but in all things let us exhibit ourselves, as the ministers of God, in much patience, in tribulation, in necessities, in distresses, in stripes, in prisons, in seditions, in labors, in watchings, in fastings, in chastity, in knowledge, in long-suffering, in sweetness, in the Holy Ghost; in Charity unfeigned, in the word of truth in the power of God; by the armor of justice on the right hand and on the left, by honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true; as unknown, and yet known; as dying, and behold we live; as chastised, and not killed; as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as needy, yet enriching many: as having nothing, and possessing all things.

Deo Gratias.

GRADUAL:
     (Psalm 90: 11-12) God hath given His angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways V. In their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

TRACT:     (Psalm 90: 1-7, 11-16) He that dwelleth in the aid of the Most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Heaven. V. He shall say to the Lord: Thou art my protector and my refuge: my God, in Him will I trust. V. For he hath delivered me from the snare of the hunters, and from the sharp word. He will overshadow thee with His shoulders, and under His wings thou shalt trust. His truth shall compass thee with a shield: thou shalt not be afraid of the terror of the night. V. Of the arrow that flieth in the day, of the business that walketh about in the dark, of invasion or of the noonday devil. V. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand: but it shall not come nigh thee. V. For he hath given His angels charge over Thee, to keep Thee in all Thy ways. V. In their hands they shall bear Thee up, lest Thou dash Thy foot against a stone. V. Thou shalt walk upon the asp and the basilisk, and Thou shalt trample under foot the lion and the dragon. V. Because he hoped in Me I will deliver him: I will protect him, because he hath known My name. V.He shall cry to Me, and I will hear him: I am with him in tribulation. V.I will deliver him, and I will glorify him: I will fill him with length of days, and I will show him My salvation.

Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum N...
Gloria tibi, Domine.

GOSPEL:
      (Matthew 4: 1-11) At that time: Jesus was led by the Spirit into the desert, to be tempted by the devil. And when He had fasted forty days and forty nights, afterwards He was hungry. And the tempter coming, said to Him: 'If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.' Who answered and said: 'It is written: Not in bread alone doth man live, but in every word that proceedeth from the mouth of God.' Then the devil took Him up into the holy city, and set Him upon the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him: 'If Thou be the Son of God, cast Thyself down: for it is written: He hath given His angels charge over Thee, and in their hands shall they bear Thee up, lest perhaps Thou dash Thy foot against a stone.' Jesus said to him: 'It is written again: Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.' Again the devil took Him up into a very high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them, and said to Him: 'All these will I give Thee, if falling down Thou wilt adore me.' Then Jesus saith to him: 'Begone, satan, for it is written: The Lord thy God shalt thou adore and Him only shalt thou serve.' Then the devil left Him; and behold Angels came and ministered to Him.
Laus tibi, Christe.

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

OFFERTORY:
     (Psalm 90: 4-5) The Lord will overshadow thee with His shoulders, and under His wings thou shalt trust: His truth shall compass thee with a shield.

SECRET:
      We solemnly offer the sacrifice of the beginning of Lent, beseeching Thee, O Lord, that while we refrain from carnal feasting, we may likewise abstain from harmful pleasures. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God... Per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.

COMMUNION:
     (Psalm 90: 4,50) The Lord will overshadow thee with His shoulders: and under His wings thou shalt trust: His truth shall compass thee with a shield.

Dominus Vobiscum.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Oremus.

POSTCOMMUNION:
      May the holy oblation of Thy Sacrament refresh us, 0 Lord, and purifying us from our old life, make us pass: on to the fellowship of Thy saving Mystery. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in unity with the Holy Ghost, one God, forever and ever. Amen.


For the Prayers at the End of the Low Mass, see Leonine Prayers


PROPER OF THE SEASON

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