November 7-9, 1997   vol 8, no.25

Click here to print out SECTION ONE

Friday, Saturday and Sunday, November 7, 8, 9 - SECTION ONE

Why can't we all just get along?

    With Friday being "World Community Day" the thought is resurrected that all mankind are God's children. Jesus said, "Let the little children come unto Me." Yet, everywhere you look there are wars, skirmishes, lawsuits. Man isn't filled with love today, it's hate! And hate is something God will not abide. Fortunately for us hate is foreign to the Supreme Being; unfortunately for us it isn't foreign to us. Foreign sounds like such a forboding word where we lump everything that we don't understand into that moniker, dismissing something different as inferior. This kind of pride hurts God as well as our own souls. To be right, we need to strive to understand our fellow men - friend and foe, and those we don't understand. Jesus has told us as much, hammering this home in the Sunday Gospel which is what Cyndi Cain reflects on in her weekly column on Reflections - "Come Unto Me". Click on "Love begins with reconciliation" to better understand what Our Lord asks of us in this Reflection on Sacred Scripture.

Love begins with reconciliation

"...go first to be reconciled with your brother, and then come and offer your gift."

Matthew 5: 24
      In the Gospel reading for Sunday (Matthew 5:23-24) Our Lord tells His disciples and thus us that "If you bring your gift to the altar and there recall that your brother has anything against you, leave your gift at the altar, go first to be reconciled with your brother, and then come and offer your gift."

   How many of us go to Mass with a heavy, burdened heart. We lack interior peace. We know that there have been many times each day, each week, that we have somehow failed those with whom we live and share our lives, our work, our recreation. We have, in small ways or large, hurt others. This is one level of our burdened heart. The other level is the fact that we have been hurt, and sometimes that hurt is very deep, very real.

   Thus, we are distracted, concentrating, focusing on the hurt received or the hurt done to another, somehow wishing things were different, knowing they arenít, knowing that there are no immediate solutions to problems that have caused these various hurts, resentments, anger, frustrations and the like.

   In the Gospel, Jesus admonishes us to be reconciled first before we dare bring our gift to the altar. The gift He wants us to bring to Him is our heart, a gift that cannot be stingy, but must be complete. Without realizing it, we donít give to Him the fullness of our heart because we just canít bear the thought of giving Him our heart with all its unresolved hurts, etc. We hold back, and therefore we miss out on the essential element that Jesus wants us to understand. The frailty of human nature is such that even the most just man is going to fall every day, to fail God, to fail himself, to fail others.

   In very serious cases (mortal sin) it is absolutely necessary and not open to debate that the person who has committed this serious sin first go to the Sacrament of Penance before receiving Holy Communion at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. It is highly recommended by Our Lord and His Most Holy Mother that everyone of us should try to go to Confession every week, if at all possible, so that we have received Godís forgiveness and a heart overflowing with graces to offer to Him, Our Lord God and Savior.

   Now, you are at Mass and your heart is so heavy that it feels like it's going to fall through the floor and make a loud crash for everyone to hear. Is Jesus telling you to get up and leave the Mass, to rush headlong from the church to whomever it is we have offended or by whom we are offended? Only in case of serious sin would such a scenario be possible.

   Jesus wants us to understand that He provides the reconciliation through His Most Sacred Heart. We are caught up in emotions which span a wide spectrum of feelings, and those feelings last a long, long time. We know, in our heart and then in our mind, that we must forgive. We will to forgive, we seek to be forgiven with our heart in humble sincerity. That is the reconciliation Jesus asks of us, so that the fullness of our hearts might be His at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

   In this way, we are able to give Him our hearts, with the mess of confused emotions, the scars of so many hurts, and turn the whole ugly mess over to Him. Itís not like He doesnít know the mess is there! He wants us to know that He is All-Knowing and that Heís been waiting for us, for our hearts. Isnít it marvelous to realize, through faith, that if we have willed to forgive, and have sought forgiveness in humility, that God does take all our garbage and He turns it into His golden graces? These graces strengthen us for the day, for the week, for all the time that will pass before we are able to participate in Holy Mass and to receive Him in the Blessed Sacrament.

   He wants us all to recognize that the forgiveness He gives and asks us to give has nothing to do with "feelings", as long as we recognize the difference. Are we contrite? Are we humble? Do we acknowledge before God that we are sinners in need of His Merciful forgiveness? Then, my friends, you have no need to rush from the altar, for you have sought reconciliation. Go, therefore, in joy to receive Him, and be renewed, for that is what He will give to you, to all Who seek Him with Trust and Love.

   God asks us to love Him, but to do so fully, we must also love our neighbor - made in His image and likeness. Any barrier to that requires reconciliation before we can fully love.

"Do whatever He tells you to do"

   The Blessed Mother's words to the stewards at Cana are as relevant today in giving our full-hearted fiat to the Will of God as well as loving our fellow man. Our Lady was the epitome of love and she conveys that love to us in the role she plays in God's master plan. We honor her tomorrow when we observe the beautiful Votive Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday, and on Sunday we celebrate the Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome, a feast that mirrors the history of the Church. Read all about its illustrious history and get a head start on the week by preparing for Holy Mass and the feast of Saint Leo the Great, the Pope who saved the Church at the gates of Rome, by Clicking on LITURGY for this weekend.


Friday, November 7

Friday, November 7:
Thirty-first Friday in Ordinary Time

Saturday, November 8

Saturday, November 8:
Thirty-first Saturday in Ordinary Time     and
Observance of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday

    Honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary is a custom first promoted by the Benedictine Monk Saint Alcuin back in the days of Charlemagne (see archives December 23, no. 25 issue, volume 7). He composed different formulas for Votive Masses for each day of the week, with two set aside to honor Our Lady on Saturday. This practice caught on with great enthusiasm and eventually the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary on Saturday became the Common of the Blessed Virgin. This Mass was a favorite with retired priests and those whose sight was failing for most had memorized this Mass and were able to say it by heart without having to read the Lectionary or Sacramentary. One reason Saturday was dedicated to Mary was that Saturday held a special meaning in Mariology. First of all, as Genesis accounts for, God rested on the seventh day. In the Old Testament, the Sabbath was Saturday. Jesus, Son of God rested in the womb and then, when He became incarnate, in the loving arms of Mary from birth until she held His lifeless body at the foot of the Cross. Thus the God-head rested in Mary. It was also on Saturday after Good Friday that Jesus gave His Mother a special gift and reward for keeping her faith in His Divinity intact by making an exceptional appearance to her. Thus, because of these reasons, the devotion spread by St. Alcuin and other liturgies that evolved within the Church, Saturday took on a special Marian significance. Saturday took on even more significance in honoring Mary when Our Lady imparted to visionary Lucia in her third apparition at Fatima on July 13, 1917, "Our Lord wishes that devotion to my Immaculate Heart be established in the world. If what I tell you is done, many souls will be saved and there will be peace; the war will end...I ask the consecration of the world to my Immaculate Heart and Communion of reparation on the First Saturday of each month...If my requests are granted, Russia will be converted and there will be peace...In the end my Immaculate Heart will triumph, and an era of peace will be conceded to humanity." As we draw nearer to that wonderful event, it is more important than ever to honor Mary's request on the First Saturday as well as each Saturday that her feast is commemorated in the Church calendar, not to mention responding to her call daily with the Rosary and attending Daily Mass, nourished by her Divine Son present body and blood, soul and Divinity in the Blessed Sacrament. It is in the Mass of the Blessed Virgin Mary where she remains in the background in the liturgy of the Word so that her Divine Son's words and His Presence take the spotlight as He should while Mary remains the chief intercessor before the Holy Trinity as she should and serves as the ideal for all Catholics to strive for, as we should. The Dictionary of Mary states quite succinctly, "Through these liturgical acts, (honoring Mary on Saturday) Christians exalt the person of Mary in the action that renews the sacrifice of Christ and in the action that prolongs His prayer."

Sunday, November 9: Feast of the Dedication of the St. John Lateran Basilica

Sunday, November 9:
Dedication of the Lateran Basilica in Rome

    Known as "Christianity's first cathedral" and the "mother of all churches", the Lateran Basilica was the first church built by the Emperor Constantine after the Edict of Milan in 313. In 314 Constantine gave Pope Saint Miltiades the old palace on Monte Celio which had formerly been land owned by the patrician Laterani family. Constantine also decreed that the popes should live in the Lateran palace which was called the Patriarchate. It would remain the pontifical residence until the 15th Century, but the basilica itself would be in peril throughout the centuries. The successor to Pope Miltiades was Pope Saint Sylvester I who officially consecrated the basilica in 324 and dedicated it to Christ the Savior with Constantine's blessings. Eighty some years later the barbarian Alaric sacked the basilica; likewise the pagan Genseric in 455. It was the great Pope Saint Leo the Great who rebuilt it in 460. Three centuries later a devastating fire swept through the basilica and it was left to Pope Hadrian I in 785. A little over a century later an earthquake rocked Rome and practically destroyed the entire basilica. In 909 Pope Sergius III rebuilt the basilica and dedicated it to Saint John the Baptist. It was also dedicated to the other St. John - Saint John the Evangelist by Pope Lucius II in 1144. During the papacy of Pope Clement V the basilica was again heavily damaged by fire in 1308. No sooner was it rebuilt then another fire swept through in 1360 while Pope Innocent VI, the 199th in the line of Peter, was pontiff. It was so devastating that when Pope Gregory XI returned from exile in Avignon in the 1370's, he moved both the residential palace and the head of the See from the Caelian Hill to Vatican Hill which the Roman Senate had donated to the Pope. While the Lateran Basilica laid in ruins Gregory gave special prominence to Saint Mary Major Basilica for gaining a jubilee indulgence since people could not go on pilgrimage to the Lateran Basilica at that time. It was left to Pope Sixtus V to have the ruins of the Lateran torn down and in its place replaced them with late-Renaissance structures which he commissioned architect Domenico Fontana to construct. The only structure not torn down was the Pope's private chapel which was saved. Sixtus was known as the builder of churches and urban renewal projects. He also had the Holy Stairs (Scala Santa), which had been brought to Rome from Jerusalem by Saint Helena in the 4th Century, moved from the old palace residence to the entrance of the Sancta Sanctorum (Pope's private, holy chapel). This staircase was believed to be the one Jesus ascended in the palace of Pontius Pilate. In 1645 Pope Innocent X commissioned one of the leading Baroque architects Francesco Borromini to complete the interior of St. John Lateran's by the Jubilee Year of 1650. Nearly eighty years later later Pope Clement XII held a competition among architects to submit the best design for a new facade of the Lateran Basilica. Italian master Alessandro Galilei completed the work in 1735. The exterior of the Basilica today is a tribute to his work which aptly depicts a huge statue of Jesus holding the Cross of Redemption, the cross which Helena found and which her son saw miraculously in the sky on the eve before his victory and ultimate conversion. Flanking Our Lord at the top of the columned flat roof are a 15 gigantic statues of Saints and Doctors of the Church. The main bronze door into the church was the original one that closed the senate house and was built by the Emperor Julius Caesar in 44 BC. The magnificent massive statues of the apostles, chiseled by Italian master Gian Lorenzo Bernini, consume most of the columned side walls of the interior of the Basilica.

There have been five Ecumenical Councils held over the centuries at the Lateran Basilica and numerous diocesan synods. The Lateran Pacts signed by and Benito Mussolina on February 11, 1929 which defined the territory and status of the State of Vatican City was signed at the Basilica. Sadly, the devastation of this magnificent structure was not limited to the middle centuries, for on July 27, 1992 a bomb, planted by the Italian Mafia in retaliation of Pope John Paul II's stand against the crime organization, exploded at the Roman Vicariate of the Basilica, causing great damage. It was restored in January of this year and it was of special significance when our present Holy Father celebrated Holy Thursday liturgy there this past Lent, symbollically washing the feet of priests who had been chosen from all over the world in the Pope's display of what Jesus asks: to be the servant of the servants. The November 9th date for celebrating the feast of the Dedication of this great Basilica evolves from early in the 1100's when almost all the churches dedicated to Jesus chose this date to celebrate a miraculous event that happened in Beirut, Lebanon prior to the Nicene Council there in 787. The phenomenon occurred when a crazed man struck a statue of Our Lord with a sword and the statue, though made of stone, bled profusely as blood poured out in torrents. It was not until 1565, that Pope Pius IV decreed it be celebrated throughout the Church. Since this was the first church of Christianity, it is considered the "mother of churches throughout the world" and served as the seat of Christianity for a thousand years.

Monday, November 10: Feast of Saint Leo the Great

Monday, November 10:
           Feast of Saint Leo the Great,Pope and Doctor of the Church

    Pope Saint Leo the Great who became the 45th in the line of Peter when he was chosen to succeed Sixtus III on September 29, 440. Born in Tuscany, Italy near the very end of the 4th Century, Leo came up through the ranks of the Deaconate and was in France attempting to reconcile the warring factions there when he was elected Pope. Though, like most pontiffs, he did not feel worthy, he nevertheless accepted the privileged and august duties of leading God's people through the middle of a most turbulent century. Naturally the people looked to him for leadership and to save them from the plights that would afflict them, yet Leo, as a humble but effective deacon knew he couldn't do it by and of himself. He placed everything in God's hands and constantly sought the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Thus, in the hands of God, Leo became a powerful instrument to protect and honor the Church during the decay of the Roman Empire, the assaults of Arians, and the invasions of heathens. Three years into his papacy Leo convened an assembly to rebuke and endorse Pope Innocent I's condemnation of Manicheanism as well as exposing Nestorianism, Priscillianism, and Arianism. In 451 he called the Fourth General or Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon where he staunchly defended the Incarnation, defining the revealed teaching of faith that in Christ there are two distinct natures, the divine and the human, hypostatically united in one person. He also condemned the heresy of Eutyches. But the Byzantine Court did not convey his words to the people and the heresy grew stronger among the Eastern monks and bishops. This made it necessary for Leo to convene the Fifth Ecumenical Council, this time at Constantinople where he condemned in no uncertain terms the Three Chapters or heresies running rampant. He garnered the signatures of all the Bishops, proclaiming "Peter has spoken by Leo." He admonished his bishops to know their faith and to assure that their priests in each diocese were knowledgable in Dogma and Doctrine so that the people would not fall into the heresies that had assaulted the Church during the Third, Fourth and Fifth Centuries. Leo not only assured unity within ecclesiastical ranks, but re-established harmony among the faithful. He is called "great" because of his energetic work in maintaining unity, his involvement in the liturgy, politics, preaching and writings, which have been cherished and passed on through the ages. But to historians his greatest accomplishment came in 451.

   The year before a barbaric horde known as the Huns had overrun the Empire, pillaging and plundering Gaul and moving rapidly from the north through Italy to the gates of Rome. Fearing no man, Leo chose to meet Attila face to face at the gates. Many felt it was suicide and that Rome's fall was a fait accomplis, but Leo knew God would protect him and so he bravely confronted the pagan king at the gates of Rome, pursuading Attila to abandon his plans to sack the city. To everyone's astonishment Attila rounded up his horde and turned away from Rome. It was another in the many encounters down through the centuries where, through the grace of God, a superior force is turned away, evidence David slaying Goliath, the victory at Lepanto, Saint Clare holding aloft the Blessed Sacrament in the monstrance to protect the city, and many more such cases where the power of God was manifested. Leo took very seriously his charge handed down from St. Peter to rule Christ's Church as Christ instructed. Leo knew it was not him who convinced Attila to forego his attempts on Rome, but the miraculous vision God allowed Attila to behold of Saints Peter and Paul standing behind Leo. The "Scourge of God" knew that any power this great was not to be messed with or he would be scourged by God, and so, totally overcome mentally by the vision he had seen, he retreated. It was the end of the threat so feared throughout Europe as the Hun king died two years later while Leo ruled another ten years, 21 in all, receiving his Heavenly reward on September 10, 461. In 1754 St. Leo was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Benedict XIV, honoring this great Pope for his great writings and wisdom at a pivotal time in Church and world history. He had shown great courage and his skills at governing the Church and emphasizing spirituality while juggling the political footballs of his time. His actions strengthened the Vatican's position in the world while bringing the people to a closer understanding of what Jesus meant in His words to Peter in Matthew 16: 18-19, "Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give thee the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven; and whatever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven, and whatever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in Heaven."

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November 7-9, 1997 volume 8, no. 26         DAILY CATHOLIC

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