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WEDNESDAY      September 8, 1999      SECTION TWO       vol 10, no. 170

To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION TWO

The Gregorian gift to the Church: The Plan of the Mass: Liturgy of the Eucharist part one

    In honor of last Friday's feast of Pope Saint Gregory the Great we continue the abridged History of the Mass and Holy Mother Church over a 2000 year span called 2000 YEAR VOYAGE ON THE BARQUE OF PETER. Today we bring you the the second part of the brilliant plan bequeathed by Pope Gregory I to the Church in the latter part of the sixth century that has been perpetuated up to today with only a few changes in the ritual, not not the meaning and essence of the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. For Installment seventeen The Gregorian Plan of the Mass: The Liturgy of the Eucharist part one, click on BARQUE OF PETER

Installment Seventeen

The Gregorian Plan of the Mass: The Liturgy of the Eucharist - Part One

Next Wednesday: Installment Eighteen: The Gregorian Plan of the Mass: The Liturgy of the Eucharist - part two

Events Today in Church History

    This date stands out as one of the more popular days for releasing encyclicals with Pope Leo XIII issuing four on this date during his 25 year pontificate and Pope Pius XII publishing three encyclical proclamations on September 8 over the nineteen years of his papacy. Pope Saint Pius X and Pope Pius XI released one each on this day that honors the Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The subject of four of the nine total encyclicals was the Blessed Mother. For other pertinent events throughout the centuries that are memorable in Church history today, click on MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

Historical Events in Church Annals for September 8:

Feast of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary

with a Catholic slant



    DARWIN, Australia ( - Bishop Carlos Belo of Dili escaped East Timor for Australia on Tuesday as the territory devolved into further lawlessness and violence after a pro-independence vote. Tens of thousands of Timorese were also being forcibly deported from East Timor into neighboring West Timor or other countries.

    As Bishop Belo arrived in Australia, just days after his home and offices were burned by anti-independence militias and he had to flee to the neighboring diocese of Baucau, he called on world powers to save his homeland. "They are very sad and they feel they are unable to fight against all the waves of violence," said the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize winner. "They expect that the international community should act, urgently -- immediately -- to protect the people."

    Indonesia, the most populous Muslim nation in the world, invaded mainly Catholic East Timor in 1975 and annexed it the following year in a move not recognized by the United Nations. In January, President B.J. Habibie proposed a referendum to allow Timorese to choose either autonomy within Indonesia or full independence, with the pro-independence results of last Monday's poll being released on Saturday. Anti-independence forces, trained and armed by Indonesia's military, then went on a rampage killing hundreds and displacing tens of thousands from their homes as Indonesian security forces looked on.

    About 2,000 refugees who had sought shelter in the grounds of Bishop Belo's residence -- previously regarded as once of the capital's untouchable bastions -- were rounded up at gunpoint and moved out of Dili by the military. Their fate is unknown, but it is understood they were sent by truck and boat out of East Timor. An American Catholic nun recently returned from the village of Aileu said that the town was burning when she left Monday and people were being ordered onto trucks. "There never was any militia in Aileu, it is the Indonesian army that's doing this," she said from her hiding place in Dili.

    Bishop Belo joined the evacuation of UN personnel -- in the country to monitor the vote -- and journalists from Bacau by the Australian Air Force after their compound came under sustained fire. He said he would travel to Rome this week to seek Pope John Paul II's advice.



    In an editorial published last week in the Jordan Times, the negative attitude of the U.S. government towards John Paul II's possible visit to Iraq is brought under examination and questioned.

    "Washington," the article begins, "is voicing opposition even to the thought of Pope John Paul II visiting Iraq as part of his tour of biblical sites in the Middle East region on the occasion of the advent of the third Millennium."

    Even though no concrete itinerary has been confirmed by the Vatican, it is expected that the Pope would like to include at least a brief visit to Iraq, which has set off an international debate as to whether or not the Iraqi regime would exploit such a high profile visit by the leader of the Roman Catholic Church to its advantage.

    "While it is obvious that the purpose of the Pope's trip to Iraq to visit the birthplace of the Prophet Abraham is purely religious," the editorial affirms, "Washington insists on viewing it as politically charged."

    The article points out that "the U.S. has made its views well-known to the Vatican" that they do not consider a trip at this time to Iraq the politically correct thing to do.

    "Perhaps what worries the Clinton administration," the author suggests, "is the Vatican's open rejection of the sanctions ... being applied against Iraq which it regards as a form of collective punishment against the innocent Iraqi people."

    "At a time when the international community is voicing increasing concern over and opposition to the imposition of the nearly decade-old grueling and indiscriminate sanctions on Iraq," it says, "only a few countries, notably the U.S. and Britain, still cling to the bankrupt sanctions policy."

    The article further questions Washington's other efforts to block any kind of recognizance mission whatsoever to Iraq in order to observe first-hand the real social and economic situation of the country.

    "Even the impending benign visit by U.S. congressional aides to Iraq to gather information on the implications of the sanctions on the Iraqi people," the editorial sustains, "is being fought tooth and nail by Washington."

    "Perhaps the U.S. does not want the truth about the dire effects of the sanctions on the Iraqi people, especially on their children, to be further documented for the whole international community to hear and see," it suggests.

    In conclusion, the author asks: "How else can one explain the opposition to the visit of the Pope, the assistants of members of the U.S. Congress and other groups of people whose only agenda is to get at the truth behind the sanctions against Iraq and its people?." ZE99090627

    Meanwhile, Catholic World News reports that Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein has ordered that improvements be made to the ancient city of Ur, birthplace of the biblical patriarch Abraham, in anticipation of a visit by Pope John Paul II later this year, according to newspapers in Baghdad on Tuesday.

    According to the reports, the Iraqi government set up a commission representing the Presidential Office and the ministries of culture, religious affairs, and information. The articles said the committee will submit proposals, but made no mention of the papal visit.

    The politically sensitive trip to Iraq is part of the Holy Father's plan to visit significant sites in the Old and New Testaments as part of millennial celebrations. Ur is 200 miles south of Baghdad in a desert area and contains the Ziggurat, a three-tiered pyramid, among the oldest in the world.

    Patriarch Raphael I Bidawid of the Eastern-rite Chaldean Church said in a French interview on Friday that the official announcement of the trip would be made by Iraq and the Vatican this week, and that the date of the trip would be set for early December.


    BOGOTA ( - The People's Liberation Army (EPL), Colombia's smallest guerrilla group who kidnapped Bishop Jose de Jesus Quintero, issued a statement on Monday apologizing to Pope John Paul II and requesting his support in the creation of a truth commission to probe human rights violations in the region.

    In a letter sent yesterday to the Colombian radio network Caracol, the rebels apologized to the Pope for kidnapping the bishop of Tibu, but called it "a desperate measure to attract the nation's attention" to what they describe as "the systematic murder of peasants by paramilitary groups logistically supported by the Army."

    The EPL also said in its message that they want the Pontiff's support for the creation of an international tribunal headed by the Colombian episcopate to probe human rights violations in the region. The message was sent with proof that Bishop Quintero and the other six people kidnapped by the EPL are alive and well.

    Hours after the statement was made public, Archbishop Alberto Giraldo Jaramillo, president of the Colombian Bishops' Conference, announced that an agreement was reached with the EPL for the "prompt release" of Bishop Quintero. In exchange, the bishops have agreed to head a humanitarian commission -- not an International tribunal -- that will include Archbishop Giraldo, the Bishop Gustavo Marin of Pamplona, as well as Americo Incaldaterra and Javier Hernandez, both delegates in the Bogota bureau of the UN High Commission for Human Rights.


John Paul II Wants to Visit Athens to Follow Footsteps of St. Paul

    THESSALONIKI, GREECE, SEP 6 (ZENIT).- Greek Prime Minister Costas Simitis announced Sunday that John Paul II is welcome to visit Greece, despite objections raised by some Orthodox circles. In his letter on a proposed pilgrimage to the holy places of Christianity, the Holy Father had mentioned Athens as a desired stop. If he goes, it would be the first visit ever of a Pope to Greece. "The Pope is a head of state; he is welcome here as are all heads of state," Simitis said.

    Today, Greek Orthodox leaders are meeting to discuss the proposal. They say that the Holy Father must receive the invitation of the Holy Synod and its primate Archbishop Christodoulos if he wants to be received as a religious leader. Given the opposition among conservatives, an invitation seems unlikely, though the Pope did visit Orthodox Romania earlier this year.

    Archbishop Chirstodoulos' spokesman, Theoklitos Koumarianos stated, "The Pope can come here as a visitor. This does not mean we have to welcome him as the head of a church." The Greek clergy has long been suspicious that Rome is trying to spread its influence eastward.

    Archbishop Christodoulos met with Cardinal Edward Cassidy on Sunday to discuss the visit, which would promote a pan-Christian encounter during the Jubilee. There are an estimated 50,000 Greek Catholics in the overwhelmingly Orthodox country, mostly living on the islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas. ZE99090621

Finally the long-awaited books "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." and THE HIDDEN WAY are NOW available!

   With the messages completed, you can now order the book that contains ALL the messages. This much-anticipated 224-page book of ALL the messages to the world imparted to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart from the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary is a lasting gift that will inspire you in your faith, and all God asks of us. You can acquire your own handsome, coffee-table top copy of "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." containing all 632 messages or the THE HIDDEN WAY containing 100 inspirational Meditative Lessons from Our Lord and Our Lady on Church Doctrine by clicking on "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." or THE HIDDEN WAY or both books at BOOKS

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September 8, 1999 volume 10, no. 170   DAILY CATHOLIC