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November 15, 1999
SECTION THREE vol 10, no. 216
To print out entire text of Today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION ONE and SECTION TWO
New cardinal of Taiwan Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi realizes time is running out on his people in the shadow of communist China's threats
We continue with this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church. Our one-hundred-twenty-third red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order is 76 year-old Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J., Taiwan's youngest cardinal who has served as novice master for the Jesuits before becoming bishop. He was elevated to the cardinalate during Pope John Paul II's most recent Consistory of February 21, 1991. For more on Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J., click on COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION
123. Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J.
With the very sensitive and time-bomb ticking situation in China and the tenuous position of Taiwan, Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. is walking a fine line but he is determined to continue allegiance to Rome along with his flock. Beijing is trying to muscle Taiwan out in regards establishing diplomatic relations with the Vatican and the Holy See can ill afford to turn their back on this island so valiantly defended by Chiang Kai-shek. The same thing happened in 1971 when the UN admitted Communist China and consequently expelled Taiwan with the United State's approval. Pope John Paul II would never turn his back on Taiwan and that is the main hangup on the impasse between the Holy See and Beijing in which the Vatican rightfully will not compromise.
Cardinal Kuo-hsi was born on the mainland in Puyang, China on December 2, 1923 and entered the Jesuit Seminary after World War II. He was ordained a priest in the Society of Jesus on March 18, 1955 and was assigned various duties with the Jesuits including becoming Director of the Chinese section of the Jesuits' Sacred Heart School on the island of Cebu in the Philippines. From there he became Socius of the Novice Master at the Jesuit Novitiate in Thu-duc, Vietnam and then promoted to Novice Master and Rector of manresa House in Changhua in west central Taiwan. He was promoted by his superiors to St. Ignatius High School in Taipei where he became Rector, remainin ghtere until November 15, 1979 when His Holiness John Paul II made him Bishop of Hualien on the far eastern side of the island on the Pacific Coast.
Upon his selection to the Sacred Conclave during the Holy Father's most recent Consistory of February 21, 1998 he received the titular church of St. Chrysogonus and was appointed Bishop of Kaohsiung on the South China Sea coast in southwestern Taiwan where he remains today. At the same time he was assigned curial membership in the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, and the Pontifical Council for Social Communications.. He resides at the Bishop's House in Kaohsiung, Taiwan at 125 Szu-wei 3rd Road 80203. At 76 it is expected he will most likely retire here when he feels it is necessary.
WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant
Pope's "Jubilee Journey" in retracing the footsteps of Our Savior gets a boost from UN ruling of "free access" to Bethlehem and other places in the Holy Land
To the delight of the Holy See, the UN has helped pave the way for pilgrims as well as the Holy Father to visit the Holy Land by declaring "free access" to Bethlehem, taking it effectively out of the quarreling hands of Israel and Palestine for the Jubilee 2000 year. The resolution guarantees all pilgrims the opportunity to move freely within the Holy Land with few restrictions and makes it more possible for the Pope to complete his historic "Jubilee Journey" to the places where Christ was born and walked the earth. For more, click on Bethlehem open to all
U.N. RESOLUTION ON "FREE ACCESS" TO BETHLEHEM
Vatican Permanent Observer Applauds Approval of Jubilee Plan
NEW YORK, NOV 12 (ZENIT).- The U.N. General Assembly voted unanimously on
the resolution to allow "free access" to Bethlehem during the Jubilee. In
Jesus' birthplace on the West Bank, the Israeli government will establish
military control posts following the outbreak of disorders last month,
after a Palestinian was killed by an Israeli soldier.
The resolution calls for an immediate change in the territory of Bethlehem
and its surroundings, especially in regard to guarantees for the freedom of
movement and unconditional access to holy places by pilgrims of all
The U.N. General Assembly also recognized this Palestinian city as Jesus
Israel voted in favor of the resolution, as it agrees in principle,
although it had certain objections regarding its formulation. Aaron Jacob,
Israel's Vice Ambassador at the United Nations, explained that his
government is pleased with the definition of Bethlehem. Although in the
time of Jesus, Bethlehem was Jewish, the political and juridical ordering
of the city must still be decided by the negotiators of the permanent
agreement between the parts involved, the diplomat said.
A few days ago, Hanna Nasser, the Palestinian mayor of the city, protested,
considering that the Israeli military presence would discourage pilgrims.
But Aaron denied this argument, affirming the exact opposite. According to
Aaron, the State of Israel is committed to the modernization of the city's
structures, according to the proud Israeli tradition of promoting religious
The topic of Bethlehem and the Jubilee was also addressed by Archbishop
Martino, the Vatican's Permanent Observer at the U.N., in a meeting of the
third commission of the General Assembly. Specifically, the Vatican
representative commented on the "Bethlehem 2000" plan, which includes a
series of celebrations in Territories of the Palestinian Authority during
the Jubilee Year.
UNESCO, the U.N. organization for Education, Science, and Culture, has
funded a program in Bethlehem for the Jubilee celebrations. About 2 million
pilgrims are expected to visit Christ's birthplace in the year 2000,
Finally, Archbishop Martino expressed the hope that those who are
contributing to the peace process in the Middle East will make every
possible effort so that the new millennium can be celebrated in an
atmosphere of reconciliation throughout the region.
Ecumenism in vogue at St. Peter's as Swedish King and Pope honor St. Bridget and Catholic-Lutheran pact
The Holy Father presided at an ecumenical Vespers service in St. Peter's this past weekend with Lutheran leaders and the King and Queen of Sweden in a moving ecumenical service that capped a Symposium on Saint Bridget of Sweden and the Jubilee. The saint who the Pope named one of three patronesses of Europe is an important link between Scandinavian Lutherans and Rome. For more, click on Swedish connection.
ST. BRIDGET OF SWEDEN BRINGS CATHOLICS AND LUTHERANS TOGETHER IN ROME
Largest Meeting in History between Rome and Scandinavian Lutheranism
VATICAN CITY, NOV 14 (ZENIT).- On Friday, Nov. 12, Archbishop Crescenzio
Sepe, Secretary of the Vatican Committee for the Preparation of the Great
Jubilee, opened an international symposium on "Saint Bridget and the Holy
Year," sponsored by the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
Two weeks after the signing of the Joint Declaration on Justification, the
meeting, which is being held at the Pontifical Gregorian University, brings
together Lutheran and Catholic speakers of the highest order.
During the symposium, King Karl Gustav XVI, and Queen Sylvia of Sweden, and
their daughter, Victoria, the Princess heiress, met in the Vatican with
John Paul II on Saturday, Nov 13, at 11 a.m.. In the afternoon, the Pontiff
presided at an ecumenical celebration of Vespers, in the company of the
Swedish monarchs and the Primates of the Lutheran and Catholic Churches of
Sweden and Finland.
Following the religious service, which for the Scandinavian guests at the
Vatican will be like an introduction to the Jubilee Year 2000, the Holy
Father and the Swedish monarchs inaugurated the 5-meter high statue of
Saint Bridget, which will be placed outside the Basilica, in Saint Martha's
St. Bridget, whom John Paul II proclaimed patroness of Europe, together
with St. Catherine of Siena and St. Theresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith
Stein), at the opening of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, has always been
a point of reference for the unity of the Scandinavian Lutheran Church and
the Catholic Church.
These meetings in Rome are an attempt to reflect on the message transmitted
by Bridget to the men and women of our time, especially in light of the
Jubilee of the Year 2000. Indeed, the Scandinavian saint came to Rome in
1350 to participate in the second Jubilee in history.
Bishop Mario Russotto, organizer of the international symposium and
spiritual director of the Bridgettine Order, explained that this academic
meeting hopes to make an historical analysis in order "to place Bridget in
the history of her time and study her relation to the Jubilee of that period."
Next on the agenda, is "an ecumenical moment. We shall try to understand
the ecumenical dimension of Bridget's message and relate Bridget to
Elisabetta Hesselblad, who re-founded the Bridgettine Order with an
Finally, the congress will analyze Bridget's message to contemporary women.
The Catholic and Lutheran Archbishops and Bishops of Sweden, Finland,
Denmark and Norway will attend the symposium, as will a group of 150 Poles
among whom is Lech Walesa, founder of "Solidarnosc" and ex-president of
Pope remembers three cardinals and 111 bishops who passed away this past year during traditional Mass at St. Peter's Friday
This past Friday Pope John Paul II celebrated the annual traditional memorial Mass for the repose of the souls of Cardinals and Bishops at a special altar at the Chair of St. Peter's. He prayed for the repose of the souls of 111 Bishops and three cardinals who passed on this year - two from Chile Cardinal Carlos Oviedo Cavada who died at 72, his predecessor Cardinal Raul Silva Henriquez, S.D.B.; and England's Cardinal George Basil Hume, Archbishop of Westminster who died this past summer of cancer. That leaves only 154 in the College of Cardinals and 4,466 Bishops worldwide. For more, click on Memorial Mass for deceased prelates .
JOHN PAUL II REMEMBERS DECEASED CARDINALS AND BISHOPS
VATICAN CITY, NOV 14 (ZENIT).- On Friday, Nov. 12, in the traditional Mass
for the repose of souls, which the Holy Father offers every year at the
beginning of November at the altar of the chair of St. Peter, John Paul II
prayed for the Cardinals and Bishops who have died this past year. They are
an "example that inspires confirmation of faith in Christ, from whom one
receives the consoling certainty that death is a passage to eternal life,"
the Pope said.
Three Cardinal died this year. Cardinal Carlos Oviedo Cavada, Archbishop of
Santiago, Chile; his successor, Cardinal Raul Silva Henriquez; and Cardinal
George Basil Hume, Archbishop of Westminster, England.
Their deaths reduces to 154 the number of members of the Sacred College of
Cardinals. Also in 1999, some 111 Bishops died, bringing the number of
Bishops worldwide to 4,466.
"To all these deceased prelates we direct our heartfelt thoughts and
gratitude," the Pope said.
In all, 23 Cardinals and numerous Bishops and clergy from the Roman Curia,
concelebrated Mass with John Paul II under Bernini's Gloria. The principal
concelebrants were Cardinal Bernardin Gantin, Dean of the Sacred College of
Cardinals, and Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, prefect of the Congregation for
the Doctrine of the Faith.
Connection from Vatican to Castel Sant' Angelo to reopen for Jubilee after 130 years since King Emmanuel captured it from Pius IX
During the Jubilee Year 2000 Celebration pilgrims will be able to resurrect memories of heroism along the passageway between the Vatican palaces and the famed Castel Sant' Angelo where nearly 150 Swiss Guards gave their lives to protect, defend and help the Sovereign Pontiff Pope Clement VII flee to safety in the castle during the bitter battle with Protestant emperor Charles V in 1527. The passageway itself that links the Vatican with the castle is about the length of 8 football fields between the wall of the Holy See and the circular castle overlooking the Tiber River. Pilgrims will be able to travel its distance in a special arrangement between the Italian government and the Vatican. For more, click on New passageway to open.
HISTORIC VATICAN PASSAGEWAY TO RE-OPEN
VATICAN (CWNews.com) -- A passage along the fortified wall between the
Vatican and the Castel Sant' Angelo will soon be open to the public for the
first time since 1870.
The "passetto," which has been the property of the Italian government since
1991, has been completely renovated during preparations for the Jubilee,
and will be open to visitors in the year 2000.
This stretch of the wall has been closed since 1870, when the Vatican lost
the last of the pontifical states and most of its property in the city of Rome.
Since the Castel Sant' Angelo-- a building located about 800 yards from the
Vatican itself-- was no longer the property of the Holy See, the passageway
was no longer useful.
However, the "passetto" retains a strong historical significance. In May 1527,
during the sack of Rome, Pope Clement VII made his escape all that passage
to gain safety in the castle as the troops of Emperor Charles V rampaged
through the city. During that battle, 147 of the 200 Swiss Guards protecting
the Pope were killed.
For more headlines and articles, we suggest you go to the Catholic World News site at the
CWN home page and Church News at Noticias Eclesiales and the features, dossiers and Daily Dispatches at ZENIT International News Agency. CWN, NE and ZENIT are not affiliated with the Daily CATHOLIC but provide this service via e-mail to the Daily CATHOLIC Monday through Friday.
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Finally the long-awaited books "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." and THE HIDDEN WAY are NOW available!
With the messages completed, you can now order the book that contains ALL the messages. This much-anticipated 224-page book of ALL the messages to the world imparted to the Hidden Flower of the Immaculate Heart from the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary is a lasting gift that will inspire you in your faith, and all God asks of us. You can acquire your own handsome, coffee-table top copy of "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." containing all 632 messages or the THE HIDDEN WAY containing 100 inspirational Meditative Lessons from Our Lord and Our Lady on Church Doctrine by clicking on "I SOLEMNLY TELL YOU..." or THE HIDDEN WAY or both books at BOOKS
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November 15, 1999 volume 10, no. 216 DAILY CATHOLIC