Monday thru Friday at

See why so many consider the
Daily CATHOLIC as the
"USA Today for CATHOLICS!"


MONDAY      December 6, 1999     SECTION THREE      vol 10, no. 231

To print out entire text of today's issue, print this section as well as SECTION THREE and SECTION ONE

WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant



Cardinal Sodano Speaks About Critical Issues of Vatican Diplomacy

    VATICAN CITY (ZENIT) - Last Wednesday, Cardinal Angelo Sodano, Vatican Secretary of State, touched upon the current critical issues of Vatican diplomacy, while addressing the Italian embassy at the Vatican. The occasion offered reporters of the international press the opportunity to subject the Secretary of State to a deluge of questions on the Vatican's foreign policy.

    Referring to the Pope's possible trip to Iraq, the Cardinal explained that the Vatican is still waiting "for the all-clear sign from the Baghdad government." He also explained that the thorny question of the Nazareth mosque will not affect the papal pilgrimage to the Holy Land, which should take place in March of 2000. However, the Vatican is convinced that "some extremist group" has decided to force this issue, but Cardinal Sodano trusts "that a sense of responsibility will prevail."

    Cardinal Sodano is also confident regarding future relations with communist governments of the Far East. "There is nothing unchangeable in history. If men are wise, things can change." At the same time, he confirmed the Vatican's hope to open new avenues of dialogue with China and North Korea. In referring to the latter country, which has just been visited by a Vatican humanitarian delegation, the Cardinal expressed the hope that "this trip might open a door."

Natural Law and New Civilization

    The Cardinal's conference was focused on the need to restore natural law to contemporary society. For centuries, this law that for centuries was the foundation of all political thinking, but today it seems to be substituted by an individualistic point of view on subjective morality.

    The Vatican Secretary of State feels it is necessary to reestablish the moral sense of humanity in the new millennium, which will lead to real and lasting goals of civilization. On this road, the contribution of religion is fundamental, especially that of Christians, called to be "the salt of the earth and the light of the world," Cardinal Sodano concluded. ZE99120209


Response by John Paul II

    VATICAN CITY (ZENIT).- In the new millennium, the cinema could become a herald of a new culture of dialogue and peace, John Paul II said Thursday morning to the participants in the International Congress that two Vatican organizations are dedicating to the silver screen.

    This is the third occurence of an initiative promoted by the Pontifical Councils for Culture and for Social Communications, which this year is being held with the provocative title, "The Cinema: Pictures for a Dialogue Among Peoples and a Culture of Peace in the Third Millennium."

    When greeting the participants in the meeting, which is being held in the context of the International Spiritual Film Festival in Rome, the Holy Father analyzed how movie actors and directors can best serve the cause of harmony among peoples.

Quality Films

    John Paul II said that people have the natural propensity to live in peace and in harmony with God, with their fellow human beings, with themselves, and with the whole of creation. If movies become interpreters of these values, they could become the "place of reflection, of calling to values, of invitation to dialogue, and of communion."

    However, this objective seem both distant and ethereal. Therefore, the Pope himself suggested the formula to reach it: "In his complex and mysterious reality, it is necessary that the human person become the reference point for quality films proposing culture and universal values."

    It must be a cinema that keeps people in mind, "every person, one and indivisible," because if on the contrary, it only considers "some aspect of the impressive complexity of the human being, it inevitably ends up being reductive, and ceases to be a beneficial cultural service."

Responsibility of Entertainment World

    The Pope emphasized the responsibility borne by those who work in the film world. The various cinematographic genres, from science fiction to tragedy, not forgetting cartoons, offer "an incomparable treasure of expressive means to represent the different fields in which the human being is found, interpreting his essential vocation to beauty, the universal, and the absolute. Thus, the cinema can contribute to bringing distant peoples closer, to reconciling persons who are enemies, to favoring more respectful and fruitful dialogue among different cultures, to showing the way to credible and lasting solidarity -- the indispensable assumption for a world of peace. And we are very aware of people's need for peace, even to be a real artist, to make real cinema!"

    Meanwhile, shooting has begun in Jerusalem on "The Body," a movie written and directed by Jonas McCord, denying the bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ. The plot concerns a Catholic priest, played by Antonio Banderas, sent to the Holy Land to investigate the claims of an Israeli archeologist, played by Olivia Williams, that she has discovered the body of Christ. Banderas denies that the film is intended to offend Christians during the Jubilee year, saying, "You never know with these kind of things ... but we are just trying to just be honest." Writer/director McCord holds that his work is timely and universal. Latin Patriarch Michel Sabbah declined to comment. ZE99120221 and ZE99120207


    NEW YORK ( - Since its founding in 1997, American media mogul Ted Turner's UN Foundation has given $118 million to dozens of United Nations projects in areas ranging from child health to security, including initiatives promoting abortion, birth control, and sexuality among adolescents, according to the Catholic Family & Human Rights Institute.

    The seven sexuality-focused awards, totaling nearly $8.8 million, were given to projects organized by the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) in Jordan, Tanzania, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Zambia, Russia and the Pacific Region. UNFPA executive director Nafis Sadik praised the UN Foundation for their contribution, saying, "This assistance will help give [young people] some of the information and services they need to protect their health [and] to make informed and responsible choices." UNFPA has been a strong proponent of adolescent "reproductive rights" unrestricted by the guidance of parents.

    In Jordan, UNICEF and UNFPA will use their $3.1 million in grant money to create a "comprehensive youth strategy for the country." While UNICEF intends to assist adolescents -- particularly girls -- in developing their "livelihood opportunities," UNFPA will work to "encourage attention to adolescent reproductive health among decision-makers" in the government and the schools. UNFPA will also use its grant to "encourage participation of 42,000 girls age 13-17 in reproductive health activities and life skills."

    The two African projects, run by UNICEF and WHO, will focus on involving youth in HIV/AIDS prevention programs. UNFPA will conduct a similar project in the Pacific with $2.3 million from the UN Foundation.

    Another $2.1 million from Turner's organization will finance UNICEF and UNFPA projects in Russia, where a poor economy has fueled high abortion, STD, and unwed pregnancy rates. UNFPA plans to provide "reproductive health information to adolescents through summer camp and vocational schools" to 100,000 to 200,000 young people in six Russian cities.

    In a related story out of Glasgow, Scotland's Cardinal Thomas Winning has condemned plans by Scottish Health Minister Susan Deacon to increase the number of centers offering sex advice and contraceptives including abortifacient morning-after pills.

    "Last weekend, new figures showed large numbers of under-age children having sex," Cardinal Winning told the BBC on Thursday. "You do not tackle that problem by throwing condoms and pills at these vulnerable young people."

    He added, "Education in choice, in relationships and, yes -- unfashionable though it may be to say it -- in morality, is needed. We need to equip young people with the life skills to make their own choices and avoid peer pressure. Clinics such as those favored by the minister make it harder, not easier, for young people to say 'no' to premature sexual experiences."

    "Family life in Scotland is under attack from many quarters -- the government should be attempting to support it, not undermine it with these clinics which effectively promote immorality," he said.

    The cardinal also advised pro-life advocates that their protests should remain peaceful, a possible reference to recent demonstrations by the newly-formed Precious Life Scotland who have been accused of using militant or extreme methods.

    "I want there to be no doubt in anyone's mind that the Roman Catholic Church condemns unreservedly any violent, intimidatory or aggressive protest," he said. "I have made it clear, even to church groups from overseas who favor militancy, that there can be no place for such behavior in Scotland. I respect the people of Scotland too much for that."

    He added, "Targeting of individuals and their families, jostling people in the street, frightening people -- these tactics are simply not acceptable." Instead, Cardinal Winning called for peaceful distribution of information which would bring home the "awful reality" of abortion.

    "Abortion is a crime against humanity," he said, "a crime with two victims, the unborn baby and the bereaved mother. That is why the Church's efforts in recent years have gone into providing real choice to women facing crisis pregnancies -- unlike those who say that abortion is the only option."

    While in France, ZENIT reported that Father Stanislas Lalanne, spokesman for the French Episcopal Conference, has expressed disapproval of the recent decision of Segolene Royal, France's Delegate Minister for Secondary Schools, to distribute the "morning after" abortive pill among students.

    "It is not possible to ignore the difficult situation that adolescents experience, facing early pregnancies," stated Fr. Lalanne. "But it is precisely for this reason that families and educators must direct the young morally and not deceive them by saying that simple precautions can repair the consequences of their irresponsible behavior."

    A hard condemnation of the French government's decision was expressed by theologian Gino Concetti in an editorial in the Italian daily edition of L'Osservatore Romano. "The French authorities have opted for the easiest and most permissive solution, but also the most debatable. Today it is more necessary than ever to promote a policy of giving correct information on sexuality and encouraging youths and adults not to commit acts that go against life." ZE99120303


"Mea Culpa" for Victims of Culture of Death: Abortion and Euthanasia

    MADRID, DEC 2 (ZENIT).- Continuing in the tradition set by Pope John Paul II, the Spanish Episcopal Conference has approved a document asking for pardon for the crimes committed by the Church in Spain and its members. Bloody battles such as the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) brought the Bishops to ask "God for forgiveness for all those who were involved in actions that are reproved by the Gospel, regardless of what side of the war they were on."

    This striking "mea culpa" of the Spanish Church is written in a document with the significant title, "God's Faithfulness Lasts Forever. A Look in Faith at the 20th Century," which was approved by the Episcopate's plenary assembly last week. The text, which was published today, is 16 pages long and is divided into three parts. One is dedicated to "Confession of Sins and Petition for Forgiveness, for the self-sufficiency of modern times, secularism, unheard of violence, the lethal misery of entire populations, the culture of death and the crisis of the family.

    "The blood of so many of our citizens spilt as a consequence of hatreds and vengeance, which are always unjustified, and in the case of many brothers and sisters as the gift of martyrdom for the faith, continues to cry to Heaven for reconciliation and peace. May this petition for forgiveness obtain for us from the God of peace the necessary light and strength to know how to always reject violence and death as a means of resolving political and social differences," continued the document.


    During the press conference to present the text, the spokesman of the Episcopal Conference, Auxiliary Bishop Juan Jose Asenjo, explained that the Spanish bishops are not trying to "delve into the past and open new wounds." "The Church asks for forgiveness for this very black episode" of the Spanish Civil War, but "we do not want to identify who it is who must ask for pardon."

    "We all must ask for forgiveness: the bishops, the Church, and the entire society," he explained. "The Church was also a victim of the war, and we are not asking others to ask us for forgiveness."

"Mea Culpa" for all Violence

    Although the document makes news because it relates directly to the controversial question of the Spanish Civil War, it also alludes to the two Word Wars and to terrorist violence, and it mentions recourse to abortion and euthanasia as "crimes" and studies the "self-sufficiency of modern times," "the number one sin of the people of the 20th century," also committed by the children of the Church.

    The bishops believe that one of the great sins of this century that is coming to an end is "having often rejected the Heaven God offers us, arrogantly considering it a false consolation or an infantile dream."

Culture of Death

    In order to be coherent, the document asks forgiveness for all acts of violence committed against the innocent, by which "an 'adult' has felt authorized to dispose of his own life and the life of others, thus thinking he will find a solution to certain problems. As a result, murder has become a deed that in certain circumstances must be tolerated and even regulated by the State, and as an alleged right of individuals that should be given recognition."

    "This is the case of the crime of abortion and also of euthanasia. The Church cannot stop asking the Lord for forgiveness for the life of so many innocents brutally deprived of their right to see the light, as well as for so many elderly, sick and handicapped, whose life is underestimated, threatened, and even taken away in virtue of purely material calculations of efficiency," wrote the Bishops.

Sexual Revolution

    The Bishops even ask for forgiveness for the so-called "sexual revolution," which separates sex from love and the personal exercise of sexuality from human procreation. "As a result, the human fundamental 'ecology' is harmed, that is, the family environment maintained by matrimonial commitment, in which life and the values of the person are cultivated."

    The Spanish Bishops believe that at the end of the second millennium, "the Church has returned to being a martyr Church. The testimony of thousands of martyrs and saints has been stronger than the violence of insidious false prophets of irreligion and atheism."

    Finally, the Bishops give a clear explanation of the objective of the document: "with a memory purified before the merciful God, who has done and continues to do so much for us, we are encouraged and encourage all to walk confidently toward the future. We have confidence in human beings because we trust God. We will remain vigilant in face of idols that will offer us heaven on earth, but which will end by handing us over to discouragement and death. Confidence in God helps us to learn from the past, including from our errors and sins, and helps us to look toward a future in which we can truly hope for the best." ZE99120208

Click here to return to SECTION ONE or SECTION TWO or click here to return to the graphics front page of this issue.

December 6, 1999 volume 10, no. 231  DAILY CATHOLIC