Pope Saint Hilary becomes the 46th successor of Peter when this Cagliarian-born priest succeeds the Pope Saint Leo the Great who he followed in political thought, deciding that a certain level of culture was needed in order to become a priest and that popes and bishops should not nominate their successors. Hilary would also institute an apostolic vicariate in Spain.
Death of Pope Anastasius II, 50th successor of Peter, who had been elected on November 24, 496. During his two year pontificate he brought about the conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks, and of his people. It was the beginning of a long faith relationship with France. Unfortunately Anastasius was weak with the schismatics and was even accused of heresy. It was this Pope who the poet Dante Alighieri placed in hell in "Dante's Inferno" but it was unfair for Anastasius was a good man who the opposition painted as weak and incompetent.
Pope Boniface VIII issues his famous "Unam sanctam" Papal Bull on the supremacy of the spiritual over the temporal power. It would have had even more impact had it not been for Boniface's bitter fued with Charles IV, equally stubborn king of France.
Cardinal Giulio de' Medici is chosen 219th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope Clement VII. This Firenze-born pontiff would go on to reign for 11 years, but was unable to curb the bitter struggle between Catholics and the Lutherans of the Protestant Revolt. He would excommunicate King Henry VIII and the faith would be lost in England with the establishment of the State-run Anglican Church. Clement celebrated the 9th Jubilee in1525.
Pope Paul III, 220th successor of Peter, officially opens the landmark 19th Ecumenical Council, also known as the Council of Trent in the Tridentine mountain village in northern Italy.