"God has implanted certain laws in the universe by which things attain their proper perfection. These laws are principally of two kinds: natural laws and moral laws.
What we call the natural laws, such as the laws of astronomy and the laws of physics and the laws of biology, are in reality so many reflections of the Eternal Reason of God. God made things to act in a certain way. In this sense the oak is a judgment on the acorn; the harvest is a judgment on the seed that was sown.
But God did not make man like the sun, which can only rise and set. Having made man free, He gave him a higher law than the natural law, namely, the moral law. Fire must obey the natural law of its nature, but man merely ought to obey the moral law. His freedom gives him the license to rebel.
God's purpose in imposing law on things was to lead them necessarily to their perfection; and God's purpose in giving man the moral law was to lead him freely to his perfection.
To the extent that we obey God's will, we are happy and at peace; to the extent that we freely disobey it, we hurt ourselves - and this consequence we call judgment.
Judgments are clear in the natural order. For example, a headache is a judgment on my refusal to eat, which is a law of nature; and atrophy of muscles is a judgment on my refusal to exercise.
Disobedience to these laws entails certain consequences, not because we will thoe consequences, but because of the very nature of the reality which God made.
No one who overdrinks wills the headache, but he gets one; no man who sins wills frustration or loneliness of soul, but he feels it. In breaking a law we always suffer certain consequences which we never intended. God so made the world that certain effects follow certain causes.
When calamity comes upon us, as a consequence of our neglect or defiance of God's will, that is what we call the judgment of God. The world does not will this war, but it wills a way of life which produces it; and in that sense, it is a judgment of God. Sin brings adversity, and adversity is the expression of God's condemnation of evil, the registering of Divine Judgment.
The frustration resulting from our disobedience to God's law is His judgment. And in disobeying God's moral law, we do not destroy it - we only destroy ourselves. For example, I am free to misuse the law of gravitation by jumping off a building, but in doing so, I kill myself - and the law still stands."