September 3-5, 2001
volume 12, no. 148
Events throughout Church History that occurred between September 3rd and 5th|
Historical Events in Church Annals for September 3rd:
Election of the 64th successor of Peter Pope Saint Gregory the Great. He would go on to reaffirm the civil authority of the Pope thus beginning the "temporal power." On the decline of the plague in Rome an angel appeared to him on a castle - the Emperor Hadrian's tomb which from that time on has been called Castel Sant'Angelo. He instituted Gregorian Chant. For more on Gregory, see Liturgy of the Saints
Death of Saint Simeon Stylites the Younger, Antioch-born holy man and prophet known as the pillar hermit for he lived atop a pillar for 68 years, going long periods at a time with very little sleep or nourishment.
Richard the Lionhearted is crowned king of England.
A year after his coronation Richard the Lionhearted arrives in Messina, Sicily with his crusaders for the Third Crusade.
Cardinal Enea Silvio Piccolomini is elected Pope Pius II, 210th successor of Peter. He ratified a league between the kings of France, Burgundy, Hungary and the Doge of Venice in order to help those provinces dominated by the Turks. He died as he was setting out on yet another holy war.
Pope Paul VI issues his encyclical on the Holy Eucharist Mysterium Fidei which was also co-authored by Cardinal Karol Wojtoyla who would become Pope John Paul II
Historical Events in Church Annals for September 4th:
Death of Pope Boniface I, 42nd successor of Peter. The interference of Charles of Ravenna marks the beginning of secular power interference in the election of the Popes. Boniface's consecration was delayed for several months because of the opposition presented by the antipope Eulalius.
Consecration of Pope Urban IV, French Pope known as the "Corpus Christi Pope" who was elected on August 29 in a surprise election at the conclave of Viterbo to which he had come in order to pay homage to the future Pope only to be confirmed as the 182nd successor of Peter.
Death of Saint Rosalia, virgin and religious from Palermo who forsook the temptations of the Norman court and spent sixteen solid years in steady prayer. She is considered the patron saint of Sicily.
Historical Events in Church Annals for September 5th:
French Cardinal Jacques Duese is elected at Lyons, France as the 196th successor of Peter, taking the name Pope John XXII, the last to assume that name until Cardinal Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli in 1959. John XXII instituted the feast of the Most Holy Trinity. He was also responsible for the institution of the Sacra Rota and for the building of the Papal Palace in Avignon during the Captivity of Avignon.
Death of Blessed Alan de Roche, Dominican priest who founded the first Confraternity of the Rosary and established the custom of meditating on the life of Jesus within the Mysteries of the Rosary during each decade.
Saint Laurence Justinian, Archbishop and prophet who died on January 8, 1455 in Venice, was canonized by Pope Clement X on this day.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 57th encyclical Adiutricem on the Holy Rosary.
Pope Leo XIII 68th encyclical Diuturni temporis is also on the Holy Rosary.
Death of Mother Teresa, at 87, founder of the Missionaries of Charity and lovingly referred to as the "saint of the gutters" for her totally selfless giving to the poorest of the poor in Calcutta in personifying the truest Love of her life - her Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Sadly, her death was overshadowed by the death a few days earlier of Princess Diana who, by her own admission, couldn't hold a candle to Mother. Today the candle of holiness burns ever brighter for this Albanian nun who rubbed shoulders with the rich and famous and the most downtrodden and infamous.
September 3-5, 2001
volume 12, no. 148
TIME CAPSULES in Church History