Death of Saint Monica, mother of Saint Augustine. Her feast used to be celebrated on this day, the day before her son converted. Today it is liturgically celebrated on August 27, the day before her son's feast day. Monica, a patient woman, is the patron saint of wives and mothers with troubled or wayward children.
Death of Saint Gothard, also known as Godehard. Born in 962, he became a Benedictine monk and then bishop of Bavaria. St. Gothard Pass in the Swiss Alps derives its name from the chapel built there to honor this saint who was canonized in 1131 by Pope Innocent II.
Death of Prince Edward of England when Queen Margaret, also of England, is defeated at Tewkesbury Edward IV in the War of Roses. Twelve years later on the same date Edward's son Edward V would march into London and a new regime would begin in the British Isles. Both sides were loyal to the Church so Rome showed no favorites.
In honor of his great discovery, Christopher Columbus is granted an official Spanish Coat of Arms by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand. On this same day Pope Alexander VI, a Spanish native, sets a line of demarcation 100 leagues west of the Azores between Spanish and Portuguese interests of exploration. Since it naturally favored Spain, it would be altered at the Treaty of Tordesillas a year later.
Pope John Paul II beatifies the first gypsy Ceferino Gimenez Malla along with Bishop Florentino Ascensio Barroso, Sr. Maria Encarnacion Rosal of the Sacred Heart, Fr. Gaetano Catanoso, and Father Enrico Rebuschini during ceremonies in St. Peter's Square.