Death of Saint Titian, Bishop of Brescia who was born in Germany but little else is known about this saint.
Death of Pope Pelagius I, 60th successor of Peter. Born in Rome, he was elected on April 16, 556. His elevation to the papacy was influenced by the Eastern emperor Justinian since Rome was then a province of the Byzantine Empire. Pope Pelagius remained faithful to the principles of Catholic orthodoxy and had the Church of the Twelve Apostles built.
Death of Saint Anselm of Nonantola, Benedictine abbot who came from royalty for his wife was the brother of the Lombard King Aistulph. But Anselm disdained the trappings of the world to embrace monasticism and found the abbey of Fanano outside Modena, Italy where he also built a hospital and sleeping quarters for pilgrims. When Aistulph was deposed by King Desiderius the latter punished his relatives, exiling Anselm to Monte Cassino but seven years later the great Charlemagne came into power and brought Anselm back to Nonantola where he lived out the rest of his life before dying on this date.
Election of Cardinal Gabriele Condulmer as Pope Eugene IV, 207th successor of Peter. He replaces the deceased Pope Martin V who had caused the Council of Basle to rule that Councils have more power than the Pope. In the long struggle during Eugene's papacy, he lost many battles but ultimately won the war and papal supremacy was forever established. It was the breakthrough Rome needed to prevent the Catholic Church from becoming a democracy like the Protestant churches are and continuing the apostolic succession of Peter as head of the Church. This supremacy is outlined in Canon Law 331-335. The decree at Florence where the issue was finalized and recognized Eugene as the Supreme Pontiff, is further clarified in Canon Law article 338 which states, "It is for the Roman Pontiff alone to convoke an ecumenical council, to preside over it personally or through others, to transfer, suspend or dissolve it, and to approve its decrees. 2. It is for the same Roman Pontiff to determine matters to be treated in a council and to establish the order to be followed in a council; to the questions proposed by the Roman Pontiff the fathers of a council can add other questions, to be approved by the same Roman Pontiff.
Pope John Paul II met with the grandson of the Jewish landlord Yechiel Balamuth who owned the home where the Pontiff grew up in Poland. He warmly greeted Ron Balamuth who shared photos of the house with the Holy Father.