The Archangel Gabriel appears to the young Blessed Virgin Mary to announce she is to be the Mother of the Savior. See DAILY LITURGY
Syrian Pope Constantine becomes the 88th successor of Peter. His pontificate would last seven years. He would be carried off to Constantinople by force but would succeed in bring about some form of peace between the Church and the Byzantine Empire. He would encourage the Christians of Spain in their struggle with the Saracens and Constantine would encourage the kissing of the foot of St. Peter by the Roman Pontiffs as an act of obedience.
Pope Stephen II is elected the 92nd supreme pontiff on the same day another Pope Stephen II dies after only one day in office. In deference to the latter and because the first was never consecrated, the second pope took the same name, thus causing confusion that Pope Stephen II was elected and died on the same day. Both succeeded the holy Pope Saint Zacharias who had died ten days earlier.
Birth of Henry II who would becomes King of the England
Pope Innocent IV excommunicates Manfred, illegitimate son of Frederick II Hohenstaufen who had also been handed the bell, book and candle by Innocent and Pope Gregory IX. On that same day Manfred's half-brother Conrad IV's wife gave birth to a son - Conrad the Younger whom Conrad Senior entrusted to Innocent's care and upbringing on his deathbead two years later. The child would go on to become King of Jerusalem and Sicily.
Robert I - "the Bruce" proclaimed King of the Scots at Scone, Scotland, pledging his loyalty to the God and country.
Birth of Saint Catherine of Siena who would go on to influence popes and bring reform to the Church and return the pontiffs to their rightful place at the Vatican after the Avignon exile years.
James II becomes King of the Scots in Holyrood, Scotland
The Catholic village of Valencia in Venezuela is founded in honor of Spain.
The first Catholic colonists take Lord Baltimore up on his offer of promulgating religious freedom to all settlers and arrive in Maryland, establishing what would be a Catholic stronghold in America.
The same year that the celebrated Louis XIV became King of France, Saint John Eudes founded the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Eudists) for the purpose of upgrading clergy and establishing effective seminaries.
Pope Pius IX publishes his second encyclical Praedessores Nostros on aid for Ireland in light of the terrible potato famine on the emerald isle.
Pope Pius XII releases his twenty-seventh encyclical Sacra virginitas on consecrated virginity and the ideals of religious life.
Pope John Paul II issues his sixth encyclical Redemptoris Mater on the role of Mary in the mystery of Christ and her active, exemplary presence in the life of the Church.
Pope John Paul II publishes his eleventh encyclical Evangelium Vitae on the value and inviolability of human life in all its stages in his crusade for the culture of life.
Pope John Paul II spends the next to last day in the Holy Land as a prayerful day in experiencing the emotions of the Blessed Virgin Mary to whom the Holy Father has consecrated his papacy. He begins it with a prayerful visit at the Grotto of the Annunciation in Nazareth, then celebrates Mass in the Basilica of the Annunciation on the special occasion of the Feast of the Annunciation. After Mass he returns to Jerusalem where he meets at the Apostolic Delegation headquarters in Jerusalem with special representatives, then is escorted to the Basilica of the Garden of Gethsemane near his temporary residence on the Mount of Olives. There he kneels in private prayer and meditates on Our Lord's suffering in fulfillment of Our Lord's request to the first Pope - Peter - "Could you not then watch one hour with Me?" (Matthew 26: 40). Afterwards the Sovereign Pontiff meets with the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem His Beatitude Diodoros I for a special ecumenical meeting between East and West.