Pope Saint Gregory VII is forced into exile when the Holy Roman Emperor to-be Henry IV invades Rome and places the antipope Clement III on the throne of Peter.
Pope Innocent IIIplaces England and its king under interdict.
Saint Louis, King of France, takes up the symbolic cross to lead the Seventh Crusade
Death of Saint Catherine of Sweden
Death of Pope Nicholas V, 208th successor of Peter. Born in Svizzera, Italy, he was elected on March 6, 1447. During his eight year papacy he began the construction of the present Basilica of St. Peter's. He restored order politically to France and England and helped Sapin in their final bid to rid the country of the Saracen threat. He founded the Vatican Library and celebrated the Sixth Holy Year during the Jubilee Year of 1450.
Christopher Columbus departs Isabella in Espaniola.
Coronation of Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paul IV
Archbishop Oscar Romero, one of El Salvador's most respected Roman Catholic leaders ever, is shot to death by gunmen as he celebrates the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass in San Salvador.
Pope John Paul II celebrates the largest outdoor Papal Mass in the Holy Land near the Mount of Beatitudes as 100,000 youth gather on the shores of Galilee. He later visits the Church of the Multiplication of the Loaves and Fishes built right on the Sea and travels inland to the Church considered the "Primacy of Peter" for it was there at the Church of St. Peter that Jesus told Peter to "Feed My sheep" (John 21: 15-17). Before heading back to Jerusalem the Holy Father visits Peter's house in Capernaum.