Death of Saint Cuthbert, bishop and abbot in Ireland, and Saint Herbert
Death of Pope Clement III, 174th successor of Peter. This Roman-born Supreme Pontiff brought peace to Rome after sixty years of exile by previous Popes. He also encouraged Richard the Lion-hearted, the monarch of England, to lead the Third Crusade.
Pope Gregory IX re-excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Hohenhauffen for disobedience and interference in ecclesial affairs
The King of France, Philip IV, with his army at the ready, persuades Pope Clement V in Vienne to condemn the Knights Templars
Superstition spreads through Europe that the alignment of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars in the 40th degree of Aquarius is an omen of the Black Death. Though this plague scourged Europe and weakened Holy Mother Church's prestige, it opened doors for missionaries and religious to play a merciful role in aiding the sick and the dying.
Death of Saint John Nepocene, Polish martyr and Patron of confessors.
Death of the Catholic King of England Henry IV
King Philip of Spain signs the deed for the settlement of Florida, dispatching more missionaries to the new world.
Pope John Paul II beatifies Blessed John Duns Scotus.