August 30-September 2, 2001
volume 12, no. 147
Events throughout Church History that occurred between August 30th and September 2nd|
Historical Events in Church Annals for August 30th:
The Greek Pope Saint Sixtus II is elected as the 24th successor of Peter and would reign for just under a year before being martyred. It was during the martyrdom of Cyprian that Sixtus pronounced the exclamation "Deo Gratias" which would be incorporated into the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. It was Sixtus who effected the translation of the mortal remains of Saint Peter and Saint Paul.
Death of Saint Pammachius, Roman senator and friend of Saint Jerome who married the daughter of Saint Paula.
Death of Saint Fiacre. This Irish saint migrated to France where he lived as a hermit and there planted a garden which yielded a tremendous harvest every year, allowing him to share all the produce with the poor. He is considered patron saint of gardeners.
Death of Pope Alexander III, 170th successor of Peter who ruled for 22 years. It was Alexander who excommunicated Barbarossa because of his misdeeds, and, by supporting the the Lombard League, defeated Barbarossa at Legnano by means of the famous carroccio. He also called the 11th Ecumenical Council.
Cardinal Pietro Barbo is elected by his peers as Pope Paul II, 211th successor of Peter. Paul decreed that only cardinals would wear the red berretta and reduced the interval between Holy Years to 25 years. His pontificate would last for seven years
Pope Clement X canonizes Saint Rose of Lima making her the first saint from the new world.
Pope Leo XIII issues his fifteenth encyclical Superiore anno dealing with the recitation of the Rosary.
Historical Events in Church Annals for August 31st:
Death of Saint Aidan of Lindisfarne, Irish saint. This missionary monk who became a bishop was a scholar of the bible who had many miracles attributed to him after his death.
Death of Saint Raymond Nonnatus whose last name is derived from the fact he was born via Caesarian operation rather than natural birth - "non natus". He made the most of his life, joining the Mercedarians and offered his own life in ransom. Having been imprisoned and tortured by the Moors, he suffered greatly but was rescued via ransom by Saint Peter Nola but he died shortly thereafter. St. Raymond is the patron saint of midwives.
The Netherlands' Cardinal Hadrian Florensz Dedal, Bishop of Utrecht is selected as the 218th successor of Peter. He took the name Pope Hadrian VI and served only a little over a year. His papacy was frought with not grasping the seriousness of the threat of Lutheranism until it was too late. Though he was engaged in a deep struggle against those who were harassing the Church - both Protestants and Turks, he was hampered by diminishing coffers and the immense dislike for a non-Italian pontiff. Interestingly, he was the last non-Italian Pope until John Paul II was elected in 1978.
Pope Paul III prepares the bull that would excommunicate King Henry VIII for his disobedience to the Holy See, but it would not be enacted on until December 17, 1538.
Historical Events in Church Annals for September 1st:
Pope Valentine is elected as the 100th successor of Peter. This Roman-born pontiff was beloved by the people, the nobles, and the clergy for his goodness and charity. The beginning of his very brief pontificate was greeted by manifestations of great joy as an indication of his well-known pious character, but alas he would only live 16 days.
Death of Pope Hadrian IV, the 169th successor of Peter who was the only English pontiff in the history of the Holy See. He ruled for nearly five years. During his reign he had a historic meeting with the emperor Barbarossa at Sutri in the Italian Alps. The emperor refused to hold the bridle of the Hadrian's mule as is the custom and the Pope refused him the kiss of peace. However, when an agreement was reached between them and Barbarosa repented, Hadrian officially crowned him as Holy Roman Emperor. Barbarossa would later be excommunicated by succeeding Popes.
The simple priest Archdeacon Tedaldo Visconti, friend of Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint Bonaventure, is elected the 184th successor of Peter, becoming Blessed Pope Gregory X. It took three years for him to be elected because of disagreements at the conclave in Viterbo. The people became so impatient that no Pope had been elected, they removed the roof of the conclave and put the cardinals on bread and water until they could come to a decision. Needless to say they did and they chose well. Blessed Gregory convened the 14th Ecumenical Council.
Historical Events in Church Annals for September 2nd:
Death of Saint William of Roskilde, Bishop of Denmark whose close friendship with the Danish King Sveyn Estridsen enabled him to convert many to the faith.
The Third Crusade is officially brought to a close through a peace treaty signed by the Saracen's Saladin and King Richard the Lionhearted of England.
Pope Leo XIII issues his 46th encyclical Constanti Hungarorum geared to the Church in Hungary.
August 30-September 2, 2001
volume 12, no. 147
TIME CAPSULES in Church History