Christopher Columbus reaches the shores of Costa Rica on his fourth and final voyage.
Treaty of Crepy in which the German Holy Emperor Charles V and the king of France Francois I signed a peace treaty which enables the Church to proceed with the much needed Council of Trent which would follow soon after through the cooperation and urging of Pope Paul III.
Death of Saint Joseph of Cupertino, a Franciscan Tertiary of the Conventual Franciscans who was a mystic receiving messages and purported to have levitations whose ecstacies during this time were a great embarassment to scholars in the Church who could not explain the phenomena. He was canonized by Pope Clement XIII in 1767. Today St. Joseph of Cupertino is the patron saint of air travelers and pilots.
Pope Gregory XVI issues his seventh encyclical Probe nostis on the Propagation of the Faith.
Pope Leo XIII releases his 68th encyclical, this one on the education of the Clergy entitled Paternae.