March 17-19, 2000
volume 11, no. 55
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659 A.D. Death of Saint Gertrude of Nivelles, abbess and patron saint of travelers and gardeners
1328 A.D. Treaty of Edinburgh, where Scotland's independence is recognized by Rome and Pope John XXII
1337 A.D. Edward, son of King Edward III of England becomes first to receive title of Royal Duke of Cornwall, as the One Hundred Year breaks out between England and France, preventing Pope Benedict XII from organizing a united crusade against the infidels.
1497 A.D. Pope Alexander VI orders a cave in Ireland sealed, the same one St. Patrick had tabbed as one which, through a private revelation, revealed it led to hell. It had become known as "St. Patrick's Purgatory" and attracted many pilgrims expecting to see the torments of hell up close and personal. Why is beyond us.
1521 A.D. Ferdinand Magellan, the Portuguese navigator and explorer discovers the Philippines, establishing that region for Portugal and bringing the faith to this region where it has flourished ever since despite persecutions by the Moors.
1526 A.D. King Francis I of France is released from Spanish captivity through the intervention of Pope Clement VII in an effort to gain protection from the ravaging of the Emperor Charles V in a see-saw battle that saw Rome waver in its loyalty between France and Germany in an effort to save Rome and the rest of Italy.
1756 A.D. Catholics of New York City celebrate the first St. Patrick's Day at the Crown and Thistle Tavern.
1762 A.D. Irish Catholics stage their first St. Patrick's Day parade in New York City on this date, even before the nation is established.
417 A.D. The Greek Pope Saint Zosimus becomes the 41st successor of Peter. He would die less than two years later on December 26, 418. He had a strong personality which would fortify him in his insisting on the rights of the Church against foreign interference. Of very strict morals, this holy Sovereign Pontiff would ordain that illegitimate children could not be raised to the priesthood. He would also send apostolic vicars to the Franks.
731 A.D. Pope Saint Gregory III becomes the 90th successor of Peter. This Syrian-born Vicar of Christ would die ten years and ten days later on March 28, 741. He would seek the help of Charles the Hammer, king of the Franks against the Lombards. From this fact would be derived the title of "Most Christian" assumed by the monarchs of France ever since. He also would earmark charitable donations to the Holy See to be termed "Peter's Pence."
971 A.D. Saint Edward, King of England is martyred by an assassin.
1123 A.D. First Lateran Council, the ninth Ecumenical Council to be held, is convened by Pope Calixtus II in Rome.
1227 A.D. Death of Pope Honorius III, 177th successor of Peter. This Roman-born pontiff was elected on July 18, 1216. He defined, in the Liber Censorium the rights of the Popes and specified the ceremonial for their election. With Andrew II of Hungary, he organized the Fifth Crusade. He also received a vision in a dream about Saint Francis and recalled him to Rome to approve the Assisi saint's Order of Friars Minor.
1229 A.D. The German Emperor Frederick II proclaims himself King of Jerusalem despite lack of support from Pope Gregory IX who eventually excommunicated Frederick for his insubordination and meddling.
1314 A.D. King Philip IV of France, paranoid of the growing power of the Knights Templar from the spoils they gained in the Holy Lands, accuses them of heresy in his vendetta against the deceased Pope Boniface VIII and orders the burning of thirty-nine Knights, including Jacques de Molay, the last Master of the Templars.
1556 A.D. The Catholic Queen Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, returns to Edinburgh after a time in exile.
1128 A.D. Queen Theresa of Portugal gifts the Castle of Soure to the Knights Templars for their noble efforts in the crusades.
1148 A.D. Crusaders of the Second Crusade make their entrance into Antioch
1227 A.D. Pope Gregory IX succeeds Pope Honorius III as the 178th in the line of Peter. He would go on to be known as the "canonizer" for elevating St. Francis, St. Dominic, and St. Anthony. He was also called the "excommunicator" for taking the bold move of placing Frederick II under interdiction. It was Gregory who instituted the "Holy Inquisition."
1229 A.D. The German Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen enters Jerusalem causing the Archbishop of Caesarea to place an inderdict on the Holy City at Pope Gregory IX's command.
1452 A.D. Frederick III becomes the last Holy Roman Emperor to be coronated in Rome
1532 A.D. Church property in England is confiscated by King Henry VIII in retaliation for Pope Clement VII's censures on him.
1925 A.D. Pope Pius XI elevates Father Angelo G. Roncalli to the episcopacy, naming him titular Archbishop of Areopolis and apostolic visitor to Bulgaria. Archbishop Roncalli would go on to become a cardinal and then the 261st successor of Peter as Pope John XXIII.
1937 A.D. Pope Pius XI publishes his 28th encyclical Divini redemptoris speaking out against atheistic communism.
March 17-19, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 55
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