January 7-9, 2000
volume 11, no. 5
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Death of Amadeus III, Duke of Savoy who the Council of Basle selected as the antipope Felix V, after they had deposed the legitimate Sovereign Pontiff Pope Eugene IV. Felix V remained antipope for ten years from 1439 to 1449. He died at Geneva in on this date after having done penance and being reconciled to Rome through Pope Nicholas V.
Five years after King Henry VIII had divorced Catherine of Aragon in a move that would forever change the face of the Church in England, she died. If only he would have waited!
Cardinal Michele Ghislieri becomes the 225th successor of Peter, choosing the name Pope Pius V who would not only excommunicate Queen Elizabeth of England for her persecution of Catholics, inspire a Christian victory over the Saracens at Lepanto, and decree the use of the Roman Missal, but also become a saint. It was Saint Pius V who proclaimed that the Mass approved at the Council of Trent should be said "in perpetuity." That statement has caused much consternation between old-line and new-line Catholics over the Novus Ordo Mass since Vatican II. Pius' reign would last until May 1, 1572.
Death of Pope Innocent X, 236th successor of Peter. This Roman-born pontiff papacy lasted eleven years. He advised the Czar of Russia, Alexis I to emancipate the servants of the glebe. He disapproved of the Treaty of Westphalia because a large number of cities passed under Protestant control. He celebrated the 14th Jubilee in 1650.
Election of Pope Innocent III, 176th successor of Peter. He was elected on the very same day his predecessor died, even though he did not officially take control until February 22nd. He was a man of great quality and would to on to exert an enormous influence, reestablishing his temporal authority within the Papal states and actively promoting the Fourth Crusade as well as calling the 12th Ecumenical Council in 1215, also called Lateran IV.
Death of Saint Laurence Giustiniani, Archbishop and Patriarch of Venice whose preaching and good works to all the people made him legendary in northern Italy. Also known as Lorenzo Justiniani, he died in Venice on this date and was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1670.
Death of Galileo Galilei at 77 years-old. This Italian physicist and astronomer's theories clashed with Rome at the time during an age when faith and reason weren't exactly meshing. It would be centuries before the Holy See would reconcile with Galileo who many consider the father of the modern sciences.
Pope Saint Pius X decides low cut dresses are not appropriate in church since it not only distracts others but goes against the virtues and example of the Blessed Virgin Mary and thus, the holy 257th successor of Peter bans all low-cut bodices at Holy Mass. Today the Vatican still prohibits any shorts, mini-skirts or low-cut dresses or bikini-tops inside St. Peter's, including tourists.
Election of Pope Hadrian VI, 218th successor of Peter. He was the only Dutch Pope ever elected, having been born in Utrecht, Holland. He would engage in a deep struggle against those who harassed the Church druing the midst of the Protestant Reformation and also had to deal with the Turkish threat. On both fronts he would meet with little success.
Birth of Alessandro Ludovisi in Bologna, Italy. He would go on to become a priest in the new Society of Jesus, then bishop and Cardinal and finally become the first Jesuit-trained Pope when he was appointed the 234th successor of Peter as Pope Gregory XV on February 9, 1621.
January 7-9, 2000 |
volume 11, no. 5
THIS DAY IN CHURCH HISTORY
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