WEDNESDAY    January 19, 2000   vol. 11, no. 13   SECTION ONE

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SECTION ONE Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • VOYAGE ON THE BARQUE OF PETER - Installment 34: The Great Schism
  • APPRECIATION OF THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH: Colossianss
  • COLLEGE OF CARDINALS: Cardinal Louis-Albert Vacho
  • Events today in Church History
  • Simply SHEEN
  • Daily LITURGY
  • Daily WORD


  • No sooner was the new millennium several decades old than the Great Schism between East and West blighted the goals of Christianity the world over while the Popes that followed sought to reform the Church from within.

        We continue our on-going series of this abridged History of the Mass and Holy Mother Church over a 2000 year span called 2000 YEAR VOYAGE ON THE BARQUE OF PETER. Today we cover the second half of the Eleventh Century from Pope Saint Leo IX up to Pope Saint Gregory VII. Between these holy Pontiffs would erupt the Great East-West Schism that has forever split the Orthodox Church from the Latin rite. Also this period would see the rise of the Norman influence in Sicily and southern Italy and the establishment of the College of Cardinals as the exclusive voting body for papal elections while clamping down on lay investiture, simony and clerical celibacy. For Installment thirty-four The New Millennium - The Great Schism and its aftermath, see BARQUE OF PETER

    The Great Schism and its aftermath.

    Next Wednesday: Installment Thirty-five: The new Gregorian influence.

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    Appreciation of the Epistle of St. Paul to the Colossians

        Today we continue with our new series in the search to uncover the wonderful treasures of the Church contained in the great Deposit of Faith, concentrating on the Books of the New Testament with today's introduction to Paul's Epistle to the Colossians. For the ninty-first installment, see APPRECIATING THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH

    installment 91:    The Epistle of Saint Paul the Apostle to the Colossians

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    Canada's oldest prelate Cardinal Louis-Albert Vachon is the Archbishop emeritus of Quebec

        We continue with this special series introducing you to the Princes of the Church. Our one-hundred-forty-eighth red-hat we feature, in alphabetical order is nearly 88 year-old Cardinal Louis-Albert Vachon, the Archbishop emeritus of Quebec who served that see for 23 years. He was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope John Paul II at the age of 73 during his Consistory of May 25, 1985. For more on Cardinal Louis-Albert Vachon, see COLLEGE OF CARDINALS COLLECTION

    147.   Cardinal Louis-Albert Vachon

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    Events that happened today in Church History

        On this date 300 years ago in 1700 Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys, the French religious who founded the Sisters of Notre Dame which became a mighty force in Catholic education throughout North America, especially in Canada where her feast is celebrated today. She was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1982. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for January 19:

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    There are greater mansions awaiting us if we maintain our houses here

        They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

    "Some years ago the cloister of Carmelite nuns was opened to the public on the feast of St. Therese. Many curious people poured in to see those women who led a life of silence, prayer and penance. One man who could not understand their life called the attention of a young and beautiful nun to the finest residence in the city which stood on the opposite hill. He said to her: 'Sister, if you could have had that home, with all the wealth, luxury and pleasure that went with it, would you have left it to enter the Carmelites?' She ansered: 'Sir, that was my home.'"

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    DAILY LITURGY

        Today is the Second Wedesday in Ordinary Time in the Church Year while tomorrow is the Second Thursday in Ordinary Time and the Feast of Pope Saint Fabian and Saint Sebastian, Martyrs. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and the profile on these saints, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Wednesday, January 19, 2000

        First Reading: 1 Samuel 17: 32-33, 37, 40-51
        Psalms: Psalm 144: 1-2, 9-10
        Gospel Reading: Mark 3: 1-6


    Thursday, January 20, 2000

      Thursday January 20:
      Second Thursday in Ordinary Time and
      Feast of Pope Saint Fabian and Saint Sebastian, Martyrs

      Green or Red vestments

        First Reading: 1 Samuel 18: 6-8; 19: 1-7
        Psalms: Psalm 56: 2-3, 9-14
        Gospel Reading: Mark 3: 7-12

    Feast of Pope Saint Fabian and Saint Sebastian, Martyrs

         Both saints lived in the 3rd Century and both were martyred for their faith. St. Fabian was the 21st pope in the succession of Peter, reigning fourteen years. Born in Rome, he was elected on January 10th 236 and died a martyr on January 20th, 250. At the moment of his election a dove, symbol of the Holy Spirit was seen alighting on his head. During his pontificate the exodus from Rome to flee the persecution of Decius, and later Diocletian, was such that it gave rise to the hermetical life of the anchorites, including Saint Antony of Egypt whose feast we celebrated on January 17th.

         St. Sebastian was born shortly after Pope Fabian's death. He became a Roman army officer and converted to Christianity, rescuing Christians who had been unjustly accused. He discovered that Christian twin brothers MarcusandMarcellinus, who had been imprisoned and tortured, were close to succumbing to the enticing offers of pagan relatives to give up their faith. Sebastian encouraged them to stand by Christ and die for Him if necessary. This was confirmed by a miraculous light shining about him as he spoke. Sebastian cured countless sick through prayer and, by his example, led many pagans to the true faith. He encouraged all to not be afraid to die for the faith for Heaven would be their reward for their loyalty to the Son of God. Sebastian even experienced a visit from one of his disciples who had been martyred. This disciple came back to tell him about Heaven and that his own time to die was at hand. Betrayed by a false disciple, he was condemned to death by the emperor Diocletian and shot with arrows. Left for dead, he miraculously was healed by Divine intervention and proceeded to go right back into the teeth of the enemy, pleading for Diocletian to stop the senseless slaughter of Christians. But the emperor's soul was already satan's and he sentenced Sebastian to be beaten to death by brutal clubbing. This saint holds the honor of a double martyrdom or "Martyr Extraordinaire."

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    The DAILY WORD

        "And He said to the man with the withered hand, 'Stand forth in the midst.' And He said to them, ' Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good, or to do evil? to save a life, or to destroy it?' But they kept silence. And looking round upon them with anger, and being grieved at the blindness of their hearts, He said to the man, 'Stretch forth thy hand.' And he stretched it forth, and his hand was restored."

    Mark 3: 3-5


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    January 19, 2000     volume 11, no. 13
    The DailyCATHOLIC
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