TUESDAY     April 3, 2000    vol. 11, no. 66    SECTION TWO

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SECTION TWO Contents: Go immediately to the article:
  • APPRECIATION OF THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH: Installment 144 - Our Lord Jesus Christ part two
  • Events that occurred today in Church History
  • Daily LITURGY
  • Daily WORD

    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant:

  • Notify your congressman before it's too late on the Partial Birth Abortion Ban bill
  • Pope to compose Stations of the Cross for Good Friday
  • Jubilee setting all kinds of attendance records, sky's the limit as Pope meets with youth to pray and seek more prayers
  • Sudanese situation worsening as bishops strive to expose hypocrisy of Khartoum regime
  • Clinton slithers into the mix of the Partial Birth Abortion issue by trying to interfere with the Supreme Court

  • Appreciation of Our Lord Jesus Christ

        Today we continue with our new series in the search to uncover the wonderful treasures of the Church contained in the great Deposit of Faith. Today we present, appropriately in following up the Holy Father's "Jubilee Journey" last month, the second part of the catechesis on Jesus Christ as Our Lord as explained in My Catholic Faith for it was the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophecies that He would become Emmanuel and be born of a woman as "The Word was made flesh." For the 144th installment, see APPRECIATING THE PRECIOUS GIFT OF OUR FAITH

    installment 144: Our Lord Jesus Christ part two

          As our Faith teaches, Jesus Christ is both God and man; He has both Divine and human powers; He has knowledge, can will and act as God and as man. For example, with His human nature Jesus worked, ate, spoke, felt pain. But it was His divine nature that enabled Him to become transfigured, walk on the waters, raise the dead.

          These two natures were united in a Divine Person Jesus Christ, the God-Man. They were intimately united, but they remained distinct. Neither was absorbed by the other. The union of the divine and human natures in Christ is called the hypostatic union. Christ is true God and true man; this is why we call Him God-Man. Beings obtain their nature from their origin; for this reason a child has a human nature, from its human parents. Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, has His origin from God the Father, and hence He has a divine nature; moreover, as man He was born of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and thus His human nature. This is why Christ often referred to Himself indiscriminately as "Son of God" or "Son of Man."

          As a consequence of these two natures, Christ had also two wills. We can see this very clearly in His prayer in the Garden of Olives before His Passion. He said: "Nevertheless, not My will, but Thine be done." He was referring to His human will, for His divine will was surely the same as His Father's.

          The name Jesus means Saviour or Redeemer and Our Lord is called Jesus because He came to save men from sin, and to open the doors of Heaven to them. Before the birth of Our Lord, an angel appeared to Saint Joseph and said: "Thou shalt call His name Jesus" (Matthew 1:21). At the Annunication the angel Gabriel had spoken the same words to Mary.

          We shouldsay the name of Our Lord with great reverence. We should bow our head every time we utter it. "In the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in Heaven, on earth, and under the earth" (Philippians 2:10). The symbol HIS is composed of the first three letters of the name Jesus in Greek. The name Christ means "The Anointed One." "Christ" is a Greek word, with the same meaning as "messiah." In the Old Law it was the custom to anoint with oil prophets, high priests, and kings. Our Lord is the greatest of Prophets. He is the High Priest Who offers Himself for all mankind. He is the King of angels and men. Therefore it is fitting that we should call Him Christ. He truly is the Anointed One.

          We are called Christians because we are disciples of Christ. We believe in His teachings, and obey His commandments. The followers of Christ were first called Christians at Antioch.

          Jesus Christ was announced to the world through many types. By "types" we mean persons or actions which strongly suggested or foreshadowed Christ. "Types" are to the reality what a photograph is to the actual person; but for lack of the reality, types are a good substitute, to give an idea of the substance foreshadowed. Some of the types of Jesus Christ were: the gentle and just Abel, who was murdered by his brother; Noah, who alone persevered and saved the human race from extinction by his justice;Isaac, who willingly carried the wood on which he was to have been sacrificed; Joseph, who was sold for a few pieces of silver, but later saved his brethren from death; Moses, who freed the Jews from slavery and led them to the Promised Land; David, who was born poor, did great deeds for his people, and became king.

      Tomorrow: The Incarnation part one

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    Events that happened today in Church History

       On this day one year ago the glorious pontificate of one of the Church's great Roman Pontiffs - our own beloved Pope John Paul II became the tenth longest in the history of Sovereign Pontiffs and, no doubt by the time he has completed his mission and rewarded with Heavenly glory, he will have surpassed even more Vicars of Christ over the 2000 year history of the Bishops of Rome. For other time capsule events that happened in Church history on this date, see MILLENNIUM MILESTONES AND MEMORIES

    Historical Events in Church Annals for April 3:

    • 304 A.D.
    • Death of Saint Pancras A Syrian from Phrygia who was a convert to Christianity and martyred for his faith in Rome during the persecution of Diocletian.

    • 999 A.D.
    • Archbishop Gerbert of Aurillac is consecrated the first French Pope, taking the name Pope Sylvester II.

    • 1245 A.D.
    • Birth of Philip III, nicknamed "the Bold" who would become the King of France.

    • 1287 A.D.
    • Death of Pope Honorius IV, the 190th successor of Peter who sought to establish closer relations with the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as the leaders of the Islam world.

    • 1312 A.D.
    • Pope Clement V, the first of the Avignon Popes, dissolves the Knights Templar who had grown increasingly in power and abuse of their privileges.

    • 1367 A.D.
    • Birth of Henry IV who would become King of England

    • 1999 A.D.
    • The pontificate of the 264th successor of Peter, Pope John Paul II officially becomes the tenth longest in the history of the Church to become the longest reigning Pope of the 20th century since Pope Leo XIII.

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       Today's and tomorrow's liturgy are both Lenten Weekdayswith tomorrow also being the Optional Feast of Saint Isidore, Bishop and Doctor. For the readings, liturgies, meditations, and profile on him, see DAILY LITURGY.

    Monday, April 3, 2000

        First Reading: Isaiah 65: 17-21
        Responsorial: Psalm 30: 2, 4-6, 11-13
        Gospel Reading: John 4: 43-54

    Tuesday, April 4, 2000

      Tuesday April 4:
      Tuesday in Lent and
      Optional Feast of Saint Isidore, Bishop and Doctor of the Church

      Purple vestments

        First Reading: Ezekiel 47: 1-9, 12
        Responsorial: Psalm 45: 2-3, 4-6, 8-9
        Gospel Reading: John 5: 1-16

    Saint Isidore of Seville

         Not to be confused with the other saint born in the twelfth century who is the patron saint of farmers, this Saint Isidore of Seville was born in 556 most probably through Roman parents. It was a holy family for three others among his immediate family became saints also: Saint Leander, Fulgentius, both brothers, and his sister Florentina. But he is the one most famous from this family. Though he was most interested in the monastic rule and its strict observance to which he composed his own rule that was observed faithfully throughout Spain, he was never a monk. He was, however a bishop and succeeded Leander as Bishop of Seville. There for forty years he governed the diocese, converting the pagan Visigoths who had embraced Arianism to the Catholic faith. He was loved by all and founded a famous seminary in Seville where he also headed the faculty. It was so successful that in 633 the Fourth Council of Toledo made it mandatory that the same curriculum be established in other schools which would become the benchmark and model for famous universities throughout Europe. Isidore was an etremely educated man who was also a great historian, having written the History of the Goths and the Book of Etymologies; the latter dealt with word origins helping all understand languages while the former was a compendium of mankind's journey to that time. He died in 636 at the ripe age of 80 and was named a Doctor of the Church by Pope Innocent XIII in 1722.

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    "Now after two days He departed from that place and went into Galilee, for Jesus Himself bore witness that a prophet receives no honor in His Own country. When, therefore, He had come into Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all that He had done in Jerusalem during the feast, for they also had gone to the feast."

    John 4: 43-45

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    Special Prayer for Monday in the Fourth Week of Lent

      Oh Lord, may our observance of the Lenten fast help us to live more faithfully and bring us Your merciful help. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Spirit, One God forever and ever. Amen.

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    Time to love our neighbor

       They say a picture is worth a thousand words, but the words of Bishop Fulton J. Sheen have been known to launch a thousand images in one's mind, one of the ways this late luminary did so much to evangelize the faith. Because of the urgency of the times and because few there are today who possess the wisdom, simplicity and insight than the late Archbishop who touched millions, we are bringing you daily gems from his writings. The good bishop makes it so simple that we have dubbed this daily series: "SIMPLY SHEEN".

    "A great burden is thrust upon men who call themselves religious. In this fatal hour, all of their energies should be spent recalling man to his spiritual destiny and summoning him to invoke the God Who made him. Instead of that there are some who would accuse their neighbors who also believe in God, of being disloyal to their country, or else of trying to impose their faith by force on their fellow citizens. Such lies do a disservice both to God and to country. And their supposed faith in God is to be questioned, because no one who loves God hates his neighbor, nor does he try to incite citizen against citizen through slander."

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    WORLDWIDE NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant:


            The United States House of Representatives is set to vote on the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban (Act HR 3660) on Wednesday, April 5th. You still have time to contact your Congressman or woman at 202-224-3121 and strongly encourage them to vote for the Sanctity of Life. If enough vote to uphold the ban, the president cannot veto it. Also you can e-mail your senator by writing senator@ (last name of senator).senate.gov Then pray with all your heart that they do the right thing before God. Millions of unborn children's lives depend on it!

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      The Holy Father will write Lenten Meditations for Good Friday's Way of the Cross

        On Good Friday, when the Holy Father leads the Via Crucis meditations, his own words will lead the faithful on the traditional Papal Way of the Cross. His deep spirituality, recently renewed by a spontaneous visit to Mount Calvary, within the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre, will be the inspiration the Pope will use and should likewise help prepare all to take up our cross and follow Christ just as Pat Ludwa's column today and Archbishop Van Thuan's spiritual exercises plus our daily LENTEN MEDITATIONS complement all the Pope is emphasizing.continued inside


        VATICAN CITY, MAR 31 (ZENIT.org).- On the occasion of the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000, John Paul II will personally write the texts of the Good Friday Via Crucis meditations, which he will preside in the imposing setting of the Roman Colosseum, the place of martyrdom of many of the first Christians. This news was made public today by Joaquin Navarro-Valls, director of the Vatican Press Office.

        John Paul II also wrote the commentary for the Via Crucis in 1984, the Extraordinary Holy Year of the Redemption.

        The Via Crucis is one of the most moving events in Rome during Holy Week. The Holy Father presides over the torch-lit nocturnal procession, arriving with thousands of pilgrims in the brightly lit Colosseum. The texts of the Via Crucis are generally written by outstanding writers, theologians, or witnesses to Christianity, including some from outside the Church. Last year, the author was Italian poet Mario Luzi. In 1995, Protestant nun Minke de Vries was the author, and in 1996, Cardinal Vinko Puljic of Sarajevo. In 1997 Patriarch Karekin I of All Armenians wrote the texts, and in 1998, Orthodox lay theologian Olivier Clément. ZE00033111

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    Pope Enthusiastically Recalls His Pilgrimage to Holy Land

        VATICAN CITY, APR 2 (ZENIT.org).- In Rome, the Jubilee is breaking all records in history in terms of numbers of pilgrims. To give one example, yesterday, at the last minute, 35,000 Italians came for an audience. Another 6,000 Czech pilgrims joined their ranks, the greatest number of Czechs ever to come on pilgrimage to Rome. Today St. Peter's Square filled again at midday, when John Paul II appeared at his window to pray the Marian "Angelus" with the faithful.

        The Pope, who just a week ago bid farewell to the Holy Land, seemed very pleased indeed. He connected his enthusiasm, which he could not hide, with this Sunday's liturgy, which begins with the words "Rejoice, Jerusalem." This Sunday divides Lent in half, as Christians prepare more intensely to relive the passion, death and resurrection of Christ during Holy Week. It is one of the two days of the year that the priest has the option to wear rose-colored liturgical vestments, though Lenten violet may be substituted.

        "In the past days, I also experienced the joy of being a pilgrim from Rome in the Holy Land, laying a bridge between the two focal points of the Great Jubilee of 2000, Rome and Jerusalem. The spiritual joy I have in my heart for such a grace is profound, and for that I continually thank the Lord. Moreover, I am grateful to all those who accompanied me with prayer. In those moments and in those places I felt the whole Church with me," the Holy Father said.

        The Pope transmited that same joy to all his listeners. Indeed, this Sunday is liturgically called "Laetare [Rejoice] Sunday." "How can one not be attracted by this love?" the Pope asked. "God does not want the death of the sinner, but that he convert and live. In order to live, man must turn to Him, he must abandon ways that degrade his dignity and return to the Father's house."

        On Sunday, 99 days into the Great Jubilee, the Holy Father explained that it "has entered its most intense phase during this Lenten time. This is very visible in Rome: the Holy Doors of the four major Basilicas welcome without interruption ever more numerous pilgrims."

        In the first general audience that he held last Wednesday, two days after returning from Israel, there were 60,000 pilgrims. These figures are much higher than usual. It is estimated that during this Holy Year, 20 million pilgrims will visit Rome. Holy Week in the Eternal City will be one of the times of greatest numbers of people in the year 2000. "The same is happening in the dioceses in every part of the world. It could be said that Christians everywhere are on the road, either as individuals or as the people of God," John Paul II said.

        The Pope's joy in seeing all these pilgrims of all ages, races, countries and social conditions was obvious. He himself expressed it at the end of the meeting, when addressing the pilgrims from the Czech Republic. "I am happy to see how, for the first time in many decades, led by their Bishops, thousands of faithful from the Czech lands have come to Rome to the tombs of the apostles, to witness their communion with Peter's successor," the Holy Father said.

        Shortly before, John Paul II had sent cordial greetings to the participants in the Congress of the Catholic Workers Association, held this weekend in Brussels, and entitled "Be Intrepid and Dream about the Future of the New Europe: Work, Solidarity, Roots of the Civil Economy." "Be coherent with the Gospel and the social doctrine of the Church," the Pope said to the participants, who were mostly Catholic labor union members, so that "the contribution that Christian organizations can make to the formation of Europe" will be visible, the Pope requested. ZE00040206

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    Denunciations by Catholic and Episcopalian Churches

        ROME, APR 2 (ZENIT.org).- On March 28, for the second time in as many weeks, the city of Nimule in southern Sudan, which is predominantly Christian, was bombed by the government army of the Khartoum Islamic regime. 12 bombs fell over the span of one hour. One child was wounded an at least one bomb fell near the hospital.

       "Once again, the bombing seems indiscriminate. We can only say that the government continues to terrorize the civilian population," stated Mike Foley, director of the Jesuits refugees Service (JRS). The previous bombing took place on March 14.

       Episcopalian Bishop Wilson Arop, whose diocese includes Nimule, said that "Antonov military planes flew over Nimule for at least a week. They dropped 12 bombs on March 14 and totally destroyed our church, killing a chaplain and seriously wounding 20 persons." Another person died the following day. According to the U.N. High Commission for Refugees, beginning last month, the number of refugees leaving Sudan for border countries has doubled.

       In a statement published on March 24, Doctors Without Borders condemned the "deliberate targeting" of schools and hospitals by the Sudanese Air Force.

       A delegation of South African Bishops who came to Sudan on a solidarity visit "were impressed by the conditions in which the people live in southern Sudan," Fr. Stephen Power said. Fr. Power, a Jesuit, is director of JRS in East Africa.

       "The Bishops were not convinced by the ingenuous explanations of the Khartoum regime about their continued war in the south, including high altitude terrorist bombings on weak civilian targets," he continued. "We must more energetically uncover the hypocrisy behind the current diplomatic actions of the government of Sudan, in order to influence governments," he added. ZE00040201

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      Clinton chooses to throw his culture of death machete into the muck of justice

         Bill Clinton has once again shown his true reptilian colors by asking the U.S. Supreme Court to allow the administration's lawyers to enter the fray in a court battle stemming from a Nebraska court ruling banning partial-birth abortion. The culture of death aministration wishes to argue in favor of killing the unborn no matter what stage of gestation, and is clearly defying the wording of the already-passed state law. Slick Willy may have his day in court, but he should not forget that the Final Court of God awaits the hard of heart. continued inside.


        WASHINGTON, DC (CWNews.com) - The Clinton administration has asked the US Supreme Court to allow it to wade into a court battle over a Nebraska abortion law on the side of those who want it overturned.

        The Justice Department asked the court to let it's lawyers participate when the case is argued before the justices on April 27. In a brief filed with the request, the administration argued that Nebraska's ban on partial-birth abortions is unconstitutional for three reasons.

        First, they said, the law is so broadly worded that more than one type of abortion could be prosecuted and, second, it is too vague to allow doctors to know just which abortion types are banned. Third, even if the law was restricted in its definition, it unduly burdens a woman's right to abortion because "it fails to provide an exception to preserve the pregnant woman's health." The only exception to Nebraska's ban is if the outlawed procedure is necessary to save a woman's life.

        The Nebraska case is the first major abortion ruling by the court since a 1992 ruling reaffirming the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that legalized abortion on demand. The case, known as Stenberg vs. Carhart, could affect partial-birth abortion bans in 30 states.

    For more NEWS & VIEWS with a Catholic slant, see SECTION THREE

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    April 3, 2000     volume 11, no. 66
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