Double Major Feast of The Most Holy Name of Mary
Missa "Vultum Tuum"
This feast originally instituted by Pope Innocent XI
in memory of the great victory won over the Turks before the walls of Vienna (September 13, 1683), was fixed for this date under Pope St. Pius X
It was Pope Innocent XII
who had ordered that it should be kept on the Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lady
. Whatever interpretation of the name of Mary we may accept, whether it means bitterness, the lady of the sea, or beloved of God
, it is still the name of our Mother in Heaven, the name which was first on the lips of the divine Child, the name which after that of Jesus
holds all our hope of salvation. Many saints, especially St. Bernard
and, St. Gabriele dell' Addolorata
, recognize in the most sweet name of Mary the virtues and prerogatives which the Doctors of the Church find in the name of the Savior, such as light, strength, sweetness and protection. Therefore, the devout Christian desires above all things to pronounce the holy names of Jesus and Mary with his last breath before going forth to behold their countenances. St. Pius X granted great indulgences to those who should make use of this pious invocation.
We venerate the name of Mary because it belongs to her who is the Mother of God, Theotokos, the holiest of creatures, the Queen of Heaven and earth, the Mother of Mercy. The object of the feast is the Holy Virgin bearing the name of Mirjam (Mary). The feast commemorates all the privileges given to Mary by God and all the graces we have received through her intercession and mediation. In reverence we bow the head slightly whenever we hear or speak her name a little less bow than when we do the same for her divine Son's name.
The feast was first was instituted in 1513 at Cuenca in Spain, and assigned with proper Office to September 15, the octave day of Mary's Nativity. However, after the reform of the Breviary by Pope St. Pius V, by a Decree of Pope Sixtus V on January 16, 1587, it was transferred to September 17. In 1622 it was extended to the Archdiocese of Toledo by Pope Gregory XV. After 1625 the Congregation of Rites hesitated for a while before authorizing its further spread. But it was celebrated by the Spanish Trinitarians in 1640 (Ordo Hispan., 1640). On November 15, 1658, the feast was granted to the Oratory of Cardinal Berulle under the title: Solemnitas Gloriosae Virginis, dupl. cum. oct., 17 Sept. Bearing the original title, SS. Nominis B.M.V., it was granted to all Spain and the Kingdom of Naples on January 26, 1671. After the siege of Vienna and the glorious victory of Jan Sobieski over the Turks on September 12, 1683, the feast was extended to the universal Church by Pope Innocent XI, and assigned to the Sunday after the Nativity of Mary by a Decree of November 25, 1683 as a Double Major (duplex majus). It was granted to Austria as a Double of the Second Class on August 1, 1654.
According to a Decree of July 8, 1908, whenever this feast cannot be celebrated on its proper Sunday on account of the occurence of some feast of a higher rank, it must be kept on September 12, the day on which the victory of Sobieski is commemorated in the Roman Martyrology.
The Calendar of the Nuns of Perpetual Adoration, O.S.B., in France, of the year 1827, has the feast with a special Office on September 25. The feast of the Holy Name of Mary, is the patronal feast of the Clerics Regular of the Pious Schools (Piarists) and of the Society of Mary (Marianists), in both cases with a proper office. In 1666 the Discalced Carmelites received the faculty to recite the Office of the Name of Mary four times a year (duplex). At Rome one of the twin churches at the Forum Trajani is dedicated to the Name of Mary. In the Ambrosian Calendar of Milan the feast of the Holy Name of Mary is assigned to September 11. Source: Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911.
We want to thank the Friends of Our Lady of Fatima for expediting these resources of the Propers. Sources: Saint Andrew Daily Missal and the Marian Missal , 1945 Bio: Catholic Encyclopedia 1913 edition
Missa "Vultum tuum"
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