January 29, 2006
SUNDAY
vol 17, no. 16

4th Sunday After Epiphany
"Why are you fearful, O ye of little faith?"
Mass: Missa "Adoráte Deum"

FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER PENTECOST

Commemoration of Saint Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
Missa "Adoráte Deum"

GREEN Vestments

Semi-Double Observation


       The theme for the Fourth Sunday After Epiphany is that Jesus Our Lord commands the ungovernable forces in nature; the fury of the sea and the violence of the winds. He manifests in this act His Divinity and the Church takes a portion from St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, where he teaches that Christ came to save all men, for all are called to enter His kingdom and to be incorporated into His mystical Body.

       Further, the Apostle shows that this precept of the Gospel is not at variance with the Mosaic law, which was already contained in the double commandment to love God and one's neighbor. The fulfillment of this commandment is the surest way to secure a merciful judgment at the end of the world.

       To command the waves is regarded in Holy Scripture as a property of the divine power: "Thou who stillest the waves thereof," for man is powerless in the face of angry waters and stormy winds. "But He Himself slept," says St. Jerome, and the disciples drew near and roused Him, saying, "Lord, save us." In the story of Jonas we see a type of this miracle, when in the midst of danger and of general fear while, sleeping peacefully he was awakened, and by the mysterious secret of his "passion" delivered those who roused him" (Second nocturn). In the same way Jesus, risen from the sleep of death frees all who turn to Him and who, as St. Gregory says, "overwhelmed by the consequences of their sins, crushed beneath the weight of morality, find themselves beyond their own control, at the mercy of change and corruption. The elect now weighed down by suffering and shame shall be delivered, and rising one day with Christ they will see their human nature now liable to corruption, raised to the glory of the sons of God. It is with reason that St. Paul fervently longing for eternal joys, though still laden with the burden of mortality cries:" I long to be dissolved and to be with Christ" (Third nocturn).

       "Whether He chides His creatures or commands them," says St. Jerome, "they all feel the effects of His rule and own Him as their Creator; for those creatures which to us are inanimate under the sovereignty of their Maker are responsive to Him" (Third nocturn).

        The thirty-first Doctor in this chronological series on the Doctors of the Church was born in France, yet reached every corner of the world with his works and influence. His piety, zeal and energy caught the eye of no less than the Pope himself who made him one of the youngest bishops to rule the See of Geneva. Along with another saint, he founded the Visitandines. He was known for his gentleness and meekness, and his holiness so well known that he was the first person to be beatified in the new St. Peter's Basilica. In 1923 he was officially proclaimed "Patron Saint of the Catholic Press." This meek warrior of the word was Saint Francis de Sales.

        Born of noble and pious parents in Savoy, France near Annecy on August 21, 1567, nearly 50 years after the Protestant Reformation, Francis de Sales would go on to play a major role in beginning the swing of the pendulum back to Holy Mother Church. Spurning the luxury of a barrister, this learned graduate of the University of Padua opted to become a priest.

        When the duke of Savoy resolved to restore the shattered Church in the Chablais, Francis offered himself for the work and set out on foot with his Bible and breviary, accompanied by one companion, his cousin Louis of Sales. It was a work of toil, privation and danger. Every door and every heart was closed against him. He was rejected with insult and threatened with death, but nothing could daunt him or resist him indefinitely. And before long the Church blossomed into a second spring. It is said that he converted 72,000 Calvinists.

        He was so successful Pope Clement VIII elevated him to the See of the Bishopric of Geneva in 1602 at the age of 35. Accused by some of being too gentle, he offered the rationalization, "I would rather account to God for too great gentleness than for too great severity."

        In fact the holy man of Paris Saint Vincent de Paul said of him, in praise of his gentleness, “How good God must be, since the bishop of Geneva, His minister, is so good!” At times the great meekness with which he received heretics and sinners almost scandalized his friends, and they protested when he received insults in silence. One of them said to him, “Francis of Sales will go to Paradise, of course; but I am not so sure about the Bishop of Geneva: I am almost afraid his gentleness will play him a shrewd turn!” “Ah,” said the Saint, “you would have me lose in one instant all the meekness I have been able to acquire by twenty years of efforts? I would rather account to God for too great gentleness than for too great severity. God the Father is the Father of mercy; God the Son is a Lamb; God the Holy Ghost is a Dove; are you wiser than God?” When a hostile visitor said to him one day, “If I were to strike you on the cheek, what would you do?” Saint Francis answered, with his customary humility, “Ah! I know what I should do, but I cannot be sure of what I would do.”

        This virtue of gentleness helped convince the widow of the Baron of Chantal, none other than Saint Jane Frances de Chantal, to whom Francis was Spiritual Director, to help him found the Order of Visitation Nuns (the Visitandines) in 1610.

        The fruits of their labors in this holy endeavor soon spread throughout Europe and eventually the world. Vowed to poverty, Francis refused all provisions and honors, including politely declining the See of Paris to remain head of the Geneva Diocese. He devoted much to writing including his two brilliant works Introduction to the Devout Life which he penned in 1609 as a guide for the nuns to-be, and seven years later wrote Treatise on the Love of God which simply points out that sanctity is achievable in everyone's life. Both books have gone on to become spiritual must-reading for religious and laity alike.

        This gentle, but firm and sincere saint fell ill in the winter of 1622 in Lyons, France and passed on to his Heavenly reward three days after Christmas on December 28, 1622 at the age of 55. Later the next year he was the first person to be beatified in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. He was canonized 43 years later by Pope Alexander VII and declared a "Doctor of the Church" by Pope Pius IX in 1877. St. Francis de Sales holds a special place in the hearts of all editors, journalists, writers and authors as their patron saint which was made official on January 24, 1923 when Pope Pius XI proclaimed him the designated "Patron Saint of the Catholic press."


        We want to thank the Friends of Our Lady of Fatima for expediting these resources of the Propers. Dictionary of Saints, John J. Delaney (Doubleday); Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints, a compilation based on Butler’s Lives of the Saints and other sources by John Gilmary Shea (Benziger Brothers: New York, 1894; Saints of the Roman Calendar, Enzo Lodi). Saint Andrew Daily Missal and the Marian Missal , 1945 Bio: Catholic Encyclopedia 1913 edition. Saint Andrew Daily Missal and the Marian Missal , 1945


    Go to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS

    INTROIT:   Psalm 96: 7, 8
    Adoráte Deum, omnes Angeli ejus: audívit et lćtáta est Sion: et exsultavérunt fílić Judć. (Ps. 96: 1) Dominus regnávit, exúltet terra: lćténtur ínsulć multć. V. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto. Sicut erat in principio et nunc et semper et in saecula saeculorum. Amen.
    Repeat Adoráte Deum...
    Adore God, all you His Angels: Sion heard, and was glad: and the daughters of Juda rejoiced. (Ps. 96: 1) The Lord hath reigned, let the earth rejoice: let many islands be glad. v. Glory be to the Father and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost, as it was in the beginning, is now and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
    Repeat Adore God...
    Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS
    COLLECT


    Dominus vobiscum. R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

    Oremus. Deus, qui nos in tantis periculis constitutos, pro humana scis fragilitate non posse subsistere : da nobis salutem mentis et Corporis ; ut ea, quae pro peccatis nostris patimur, te adjuvante vincamus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Oremus. Deus, qui ad animarum salutem beatum Franciscum, Confessorem tuum atque Pontificem, omnibus, omnia factum esse volusti: concede propitious : ut caritatis tuae dulcendine perfusi, ejus dirigentibus monitis, ac suffragantibus meritis, aeternae gaudia consequamur. Per Dominum Jesum Christum, Filium Tuum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.
    The Lord be with you. R. And with thy spirit.

    Let us pray. O God, Who knowest us to be set in the midst of dangers so great that, by reason of the frailty of our nature we cannot always withstand ; grant to us health of mind and body, that being helped by Thee, we may overcome the things which we suffer for our sins. Through Jesus Christ our Lord, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    Forever and ever.
    R.Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Let us pray. O God, by whose gracious will blessed Francis, Thy confessor and bishop, became all things to all men, for the salvation of their souls; grant, we beseech Thee that being filled with the sweetness of Thy love we may, by the guidance of his counsels and by the aid of his merits, attain unto the joys of everlasting life. Through the same Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    Forever and ever.
    R.Amen.

    EPISTLE:   Romans 13: 8-10


    Lectio Epistolae beati Pauli Apostoli ad Romanos. Fratres : Nemini quidquam debeatis, nisi ut inficem diligatis : qui enim diligit proximum, legem implevit. Nam : Non adulterabis : Non occides : Non furaberis : Non falsum testimonium dices : Non concupisces : et si quod est aliud mandatum, in hoc verbo instauratur : Diliges proximum tuum sicut teipsum. Dilectio proximi malum non operatur. Plentudo ergo legis est dilectio.
    Deo Gratias.

    Lesson from the Epistle of blessed Paul the Apostle to the Romans. Brethren: Owe no man any thing, but to love one another : for that he loveth his neighbor hath fulfilled the law. For Thou shalt not commit adultery: Thou shalt not kill: Thou shalt not steal: Thou shalt not bear false witness: Thou shalt not covet: and if there be any other commandment, it is comprised in this word: Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. The love of our neighbor works no evil. Love therefore is the fulfilling of the law.
    Thanks be to God.

    GRADUAL:   Psalm 101: 16,17


    Timébunt gentes Nomen tuum, Dómine, et omnes reges terrć glóriam tuam. V. Quóniam ćdificávit Dóminus Sion, et vidébitur in majestáte sua. Allelúja, allelúja. V. (Ps. 96: 1) Dóminus regnávit: exsúltet terra, lćténtur ínsulć multć. Allelúja.

    The Gentiles shall fear Thy Name, O Lord, and all the kings of the earth Thy glory. V. For the hath built up Sion and He shall be seen in His majesty. Alleluia, alleluia. V. (Ps. 96: 1) The Lord hath reigned, let the earth rejoice: let many islands be glad. Alleluia.

    GOSPEL:   Matthew 8: 23-27


    Dominus vobiscum.
    R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
    Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum Matthaeum.
    R.Gloria tibi, Domine

    In illo tempore : Ascendente Jesu in naviculam, secuti sunt eum discipuli ejus : et ecce motus magnus factus est in mari, ita ut navicula operiretur fluctibus, ipse vero dormiebat. Et accesserunt ad eum discipuli ejus, et suscitaverunt eum, dicentes : 'Domine, salva nos, perimus.' Et dicit eis Jesus : 'Quid timidi estis, modicae fidei?' Tunc surgens imperavit ventis, et mari, et facta est tranqullitas magna. Porro homines mirati sunt, dicentes : Qualis est hic quia venti et mare obedient ei?
    Laus tibi Christe.

    The Lord be with you.
    R. And with thy spirit.
    The continuation of the holy Gospel according to Matthew.
    R. Glory to Thee, O Lord

    At that time, when Jesus entered into the boat, His disciples followed Him : and behold a great tempest arose in the sea, so that the boat was covered with waves, but He was asleep. And His disciples came to Him and awaked Him, saying: 'Lord, save us, we perish.' And Jesus said to them: 'Why are you fearful, O ye of little faith? Then rising up, He commanded the winds and the sea, and there came a great calm. But the men wondered, saying: 'What manner of man is this, for the winds and the sea obey Him?'
    Praise be to Christ

    Go to Father Louis Campbell's SUNDAY SERMON

    Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE CREDO

    OFFERTORY:    Psalm 117: 16, 17


    Dominus vobiscum.
    R. Et cum spiritu tuo.

    Orémus. Déxtera Dómini fecit virtútem, déxtera Dómini exaltávit me: non móriar, sed vivam, et narrábo ópera Dómini.

    The Lord be with you.
    R. And with thy spirit.

    Let us pray. The right hand of the Lord hath wrought strength: the right hand of the Lord hath exalted me: I shall not die, but live, and shall declare the works of the Lord.
    Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE OFFERTORY
    SECRET


    Concede, quaesumus, Omnipotens Deus : ut hujus sacrificii munus oblatum, fragilitatem nostram ab omni malo purget semper, et muniat. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum, Filius tuus Dominus noster, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Suscipe, Domine, munera quae in eius tibi solemnitate deferimus, cujus nos confidimus patrocinio liberari. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum Filium Tuum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.
    The Lord be with you.
    R. And with thy spirit.

    Let us pray. Grant, we beseech Thee, almighty God, that the oblation of this sacrifice may ever purify and protect our frailty from all evil. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son. Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    Forever and ever.
    R.Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Receive, O Lord, the gifts we bring to Thee on the feast of him, by whose pleading we hope to be delivered. Through our Lord Jesus Christ Thy Son our Lord, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    Forever and ever.
    R.Amen.

    PREFACE   of the Most Holy Trinity


    Dominus vobiscum.
    R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
    Sursum corda.
    R.Habemus ad Dominum.
    Gratias agamus Domino Deo nostro.
    R. Dignum et justum est.

    Vere dignum et justum est, aequum et salutare, nos tibi semper, et ubique gratias agere: Domine sancta, Pater omnipotens, aeterne Deus. Qui cum unigenito Filio: tuo et Spiritu Sancto, unus es Deus, unus es Dominus: non in uninus singularitate personae, sed in unius Trinitae substantiae. Quo denim de tua Gloria, revelante te, credimus, hoc de Filio tuo, hod de Spiritu Sancto, sine differentia discretionis sentimus. Ut in confessione verare, sempitiernaeque Deitatis, et in personis proprietas, et in essential unitas, et in majestate adoretur aequalitas. Quam laudant Angeli atque Archangeli, Cherubim, quoque ac Seraphim: qui non cessant clamare quotodie, una voce dicentes:
    SANCTUS, SANCTUS, SANCTUS...

    The Lord be with you.
    R. And with thy spirit.
    Lift up your hearts.
    R.We have lifted them up to the Lord.
    Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
    R. It is meet and just.

    It is truly meet and just, right and for our salvation, that we should at all times and in all places, give thanks unto Thee, O holy Lord, Father almighty, ever-lasting God: Who, together with Thine only-begotten Son, and the Holy Ghost, are one God, one Lord: not in the oneness of a single Person, but in the Trinity of one substance. For what we believe by Thy revelation of Thy glory, the same do we believe of Thy Son, the same of the Holy Ghost, without difference or separation. So that in confessing the true and everlasting Godhead, distinction in persons, unity in essence, and equality in majesty may be adored. Which the Angels and Archangels, the Cherubim also and Seraphim do praise: who cease not daily to cry out with one voice saying:
    HOLY, HOLY, HOLY...

    Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS THE CANON OF THE MASS
    COMMUNION:    Luke 4: 22


    Mirabántur omnes de his quć procedébant de ore Dei.

    All wondered at these things which proceeded from the mouth of God.

    POSTCOMMUNION


    Dominus vobiscum.
    R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
    Oremus.
    Munera tua nos, Deus, a delectationibus terrenis expedient : et coelestibus semper instaurent alimentis. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum. Qui vivis et regnas in cum Deo Patri in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus, unum Deum.
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Oremus. Refecti cibo potuque Caelesti, Deus noster, Te supplices deprecamur: ut, in cuius haec commemoratione percepimus, eius muniamur et precibus. Per Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum, Filium Tuum, Qui Tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus,
    Per omnia saecula saeculorum.
    R. Amen.
    The Lord be with you.
    R. And with thy spirit.
    Let us pray.
    May Thy gifts, O God, detach us from earthy pleasures, and ever strengthen us with heavenly refreshment. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest, with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    For ever and ever.
    R. Amen.

    Commemoration of St. Francis de Sales, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
    Let us pray. We who have been refreshed by heavenly food and drink, humbly entreat Thee, O our God, that we may be strengthened also by the prayers of him, in whose commemoration we have received them. Through the Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God
    For ever and ever.
    R. Amen.
    Return to the ORDINARY OF THE HOLY MASS CONCLUSION OF THE HOLY MASS




Daily Proper of the Mass for the Fourth Sunday After Epiphany