Lambs Among Wolves |
Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist
Comprehensive Catholic Commentary
Fr. George Leo Haydock
Editor's Note: We continue this special feature provided by John Gregory with the Haydock Commentary found at the bottom of each page of the Douay-Rheims Bible. With the type so small in most bibles, we publish it here in larger type in conjunction with the Epistle and Gospel for the Sunday Mass, with the cogent comprehensive Catholic Commentary penned by Father George Leo Haydock. For the Double of the Second Class Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, one of the author of the Gospels and to whom the Acts of the Apostles are attributed, the focus is on evangelizing and the manner in which Our Lord followed the same procedure as Moses did to the tribes in assigning six disciples to each of the twelve apostles for 72 in all and instructed them to trust in God's providence and express true charity through their work for the Lord and expect charity in return for their labors for Jesus says "a laborer is worth his hire", indicating the need for those who work in the harvest for souls to be taken care of in the proper way of anyone else who would provide a service. Perhaps, until Pentecost, few of those disciples and even the Apostles realized what Christ meant when He "The harvest indeed is great, but the laborers are few. Pray ye, therefore, the Lord of the harvest, that He send laborers into His harvest. Go: Behold I send you as lambs among wolves." Later, as we know in St. John 21: 15-16, Jesus tells His Apostles, especially Peter to "Feed My lambs."
Lesson: 2 Corinthians 8: 16-24
16 And thanks be to God, Who hath given the same carefulness
for you in the heart of Titus.
on Verse 16 & c.: The
apostle then tells them, that he has sent Titus, and two other brethren
of known probity and honesty, lest any one should suspect, that he, or they
should turn these charitable contributions to their own profit and advantage by
enriching themselves, that no one, saith he, might find fault with us
in this abundance, which is managed by us. (Witham)
indeed he accepted the exhortation: but being more careful, of his own will he
went unto you.
18 We have
sent also with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel through all the
on Verse 18: Brother, whose
praise is in the gospel, through all the Churches. It may either signify in writing or in preaching the
gospel, so though Saint Jerome expound this of Saint Luke, who wrote his
gospel, (but probably not till after this time) yet Saint John Chrysostom rather
understands it of Barnabas, by the words that follow, who was ordained by
the Churches companion of our travels. Others also guess it might be Silas
or Silvanus. Who the third brother was, is also uncertain. (Witham) –
Commentators vary in their opinions upon the person here mentioned. Saint John
Chrysostom and Theo. are of opinion, that this person is Saint Luke or
Barnabas; Saint Jerome also thinks that is must be Saint Luke the evangelist.
19 And not
that only, but he was also ordained by the churches companion of our travels,
for this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the Lord, and our
this, lest any man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by
21 For we
provide good things, not only before God, but also before men.
22 And we
have sent with them our brother also, whom we have often proved diligent in
many things: but now much more diligent, with much confidence in you,
23 Either for Titus, who is my companion and fellow-laborer
towards you, or our brethren, the apostles of the churches, the glory of
Commentary on Verse 22 &
23: With much confidence in
you, either for Titus, & c. Some
expound it of the confidence which this the third brother had in
the Corinthians, but it seems rather to be understood of the confidence which
Saint Paul himself had in them, that they would shew great respect both to
Titus, and to the other brethren whom he sent. He concludes, (verse 24) by
exhorting them to these charitable contributions, which he calls the manifestation
of their charity, in the sight of the Churches. Literally, in the
face of the Churches, in your public meetings. (Witham) – Most commentators
understand here Apollo, but without any certainty. (bible de Vence)
shew ye to them, in the sight of the churches, the evidence of your charity,
and of our boasting on your behalf.
Gospel: St. Luke 10: 1-9
1 At that time, the Lord appointed also other seventy-two: and he sent them two
and two before His face, into every city and place, whither He Himself was to
on Verse 1: Other
seventy-two. Most Greek copies, and
the Syriac version, have seventy, as in the Protestant translation. Yet there
seems no doubt but the true number was seventy-two. For seventy-two may be
called seventy; but had they been only seventy, they could never have been
called seventy-two. This was also the exact number of the judges chosen to
assist Moses: (Exodus 24: 1) though called seventy, (Numbers 11: 16) as it is
evident, because there were six chosen out of every one of the twelve tribes.
In like manner the exact number of the interpreters called the Septuagint must
have been seventy-two; and also the just number of the Sanhedrin. – Two and
two, that one might be a help and comfort to the other; as also a witness
of the carriage and behaviour of his companion. (Witham)
2 And He
said to them: The harvest indeed is great, but the laborers are few. Pray ye,
therefore, the Lord of the harvest, that He send laborers into His harvest.
3 Go: Behold
I send you as lambs among wolves.
neither purse, nor scrip, nor shoes; and salute no man by the way.
on Verse 4: As Moses formerly
chose twelve elders as princes and fathers of the twelve tribes of Israel, and afterwards gave to each of these elders six others, to assist them in the
ardous work of governing the people, so our divine Savior chose twelve
apostles to govern His Church. He likewise afterwards gave six disciples to
each apostle, which makes 72, to serve as priests, and assist in governing the
Church. (Tirinus) – Salute no man, i.e. go forwards promptly, and do not
stay to amuse yourselves with vain compliments and useless civilities towards
those whom you meet. This was a proverb. Eliseus said the same to Giezi, when
he sent him to restore life to the child of the widow of Sunamis. If any man
meet you, salute him not; think of nothing but of executing the orders I give
whatsoever house you enter, first say: Peace be to this house:
6 And if the
son of peace be there, your peace shall rest upon him: but if not, it shall
return to you.
7 And in the
same house, remain, eating and drinking such things as they have: for the laborer
is worthy of his hire. Remove not from house to house.
8 And into
what city soever you enter, and they receive you, eat such things as are set
9 And heal
the sick that are therein, and say to them: The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.
Haydock Commentary for the Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist