Feast of Saint Matthew , Apostle and Evangelist
Double of the Second Classr Feast
Editor's Note: All Scriptural Readings are taken from the Douay-Rheims version of the Latin Vulgate Bible. The preface commentaries are a combination of thoughts from various sources. Red type indicates Our Lord's direct words in Holy Scripture. Italicized Maroon type indicates Latin with priests' refrain and server's response in bold..
he Double of the Second Class Feast of the Apostle and Evangelist Saint Matthew supersedes the regular liturgy of the Pentecost Proper for the 15th Sunday after Pentecost.
St. Matthew was at first a publican of the toll station at Capharnaum. The publicans on account of their many acts of injustice and extorion, were looked upon as the greatest sinners by the Jews. Matthew himself by his humble confession gratefully acknowldged the gracious condescension of the Lord to sinners. At his Master's invitation, he promptly joined Him. He wrote the first Gospel and preached the Good News in Palestine and in Ethiopia, where he was attacked and killed while saying Mass in 60 A.D.
In today's Epistle Ezechiel the Prophet sees in a glorious vision the symbols of the Evangelists. While the symbol of John was the eagle, the lion for St. Mark, the Ox for St. Luke, St. Matthew was symbolized by the angel taking the form of man for Matthew was a simple man - a tax collector - whom Our Lord called to be an Apostle as the Gospel today illustrates.
Source: Marian Missal and St. Andrew Daily Missal and 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia
READINGS FOR THE FEAST OF SAINT MATTHEW
[Psalm 36: 30-31] Os justi meditabitur
. The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom, and his tongue shall speak judgment: the law of his God is in his heart. - (Ps. 36: 1). Be not emulous of evildoers: nor envy them that work iniquity.
Glory be to the Father...The mouth of the just...
Kyrie... and Gloria
Et cum spiritu tuo.
May we be helped, O Lord, by the prayers of the blessed Apostle and Evangelist Matthew, that what we cannot obtain by our own efforts, may be given to us by his intercession.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God, world without end.
(Ezechiel 1: 10-14)
As for the likeness of the faces of the four living creatures, there was the face of a man, and the face of a lion on the right side of all the four; and the face of an ox on the left side of all the four; and the face of an eagle over all the four. And their faces and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined, and two covered their bodies; and every one of them went straight forward; whither the impulse of the spirit was to go, thither they went, and they turned not when they went. And for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like that of burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps. This was the vision running to and in the midst of the living creatures, a bright fire, and lightning going forth from the fire. And the living creatures ran and returned like flashes of lightning.
[Psalm 111: 1-2]
Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord: he delights exceedingly in His commandments. V. His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the righteous shall be blessed.
Alleluia, alleluia. Thee the glorious choir of Apostles doth praise, O Lord. Alleluia.
Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum N...
Gloria tibi, Domine.
(Matthew 9: 9-13)
At that time Jesus saw a man sitting in the custom-house, named Matthew, and hHe said to him: "Follow Me." And it came to pass, as He was sitting at meat in the house, behold many publicans and sinners came and sat down with Jesus and His disciples. And the Pharisees seeing it, said to His disciples, 'Why doth your Master eat with publicans and sinners? But Jesus hearing it, said, "They that are in health need not a physician; but they that are ill. Go then, and learn what this meaneth, I wil have mercy, and not sacrifice. For I am not come to call the just, but sinners."
Laus tibi, Christe.
See Father Louis Campbell's Sermon for the The Feast of Saint Matthew on the Fifteenth Sunday After Pentecost
Et cum spiritu tuo.
(Psalm 20: 4-5) O Lord, Thou hast set on his head a crown of precious stones; he asked life of Thee, and Thou hast given it to him, alleluia.
May the offering of Thy Church, we beseech Thee, O Lord, be commended to Thee by the prayers of the blessed Apostle and Evangelist Matthew; by whose glorious preaching She is instructed.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Who livest and reignest with Thee, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, one God... Per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.
PREFACE OF THE APOSTLES
Et cum spiritu tuo.
Habemus ad Dominum
Gratias agamus Domino Deo nostro.
Dignum et justum est.
|Vere dignum et justum est, aequum et salutare. Te Domine supplicatur exorare, ut gregm tuum pastor aeterne, non deseras: sed per beatos Apostolos tuos continua protectione custodias. Ut iisdem rectoribus gubernetur, quos operis tui vicarios eidem contulisti praesse pastores. Et ideo cum Angelis et Archangelis, cum Thronis et Dominationibus, cumque omni militia coelestis exercitus, hymnum gloriae tuae canimus, sine fine dicentes:
SANCTUS, SANCTUS, SANCTUS...
|| It it truly meet and just, right and for our salvation, to entreat Thee humbly, O Lord, that Thou wouldst not desert Thy flock, O everlasting Shepherd; but , through Thy blessed Apostles, wouldst keep it under Thy constant protection; that it may be governed by those same rulers, whom as vicars of Thy work, Thou didst set over it to be in its pastors. And therefore, with Angels and Archangesl, with Thrones and Dominations, and with all th ehosts of the heavenly army, we sing the hymn of Thy glory, evermore saying:
HOLY, HOLY, HOLY...
(Psalm 20: 6)
His glory is great in Thy salvation; glory and great beauty shalt Thou lay upon him, O Lord.
Et cum spiritu tuo.
We who have received the Sacraments, entreat Thee, O Lord, by the intercession of blessed Matthew, Thine Apostle and Evangelist; that what we have celebrated for his glory, may profit us unto healing.
Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee, in unity with the Holy Ghost, one God, forever and ever. Amen.
For the Prayers at the End of the Low Mass, see Leonine Prayers